Francis Peirson

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Francis Peirson
Major Francis Peirson.jpg
Major Peirson
Born January 1757
London, England
Died 6 January 1781 (age 24)
Jersey
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  British Army
Years of service 1772 - 1781
Rank Major
Commands held Garrison of Jersey
Battles/wars American War of Independence
Battle of Jersey 

Major Francis Peirson (January 1757 – 6 January 1781) was a British Army officer who served during the American War of Independence. He was killed in the Battle of Jersey, one of the last battles on British soil.[1]

Early career[edit]

Educated at Warrington Academy, Peirson joined the British Army in 1772.[2] In 1779 he was appointed to the 95th Regiment of Foot which was deployed to Jersey the following year.[2]

Battle of Jersey[edit]

Further information: Battle of Jersey

Following the capture and imprisonment of Major Moses Corbet, Commander of the Jersey Garrison, by French troops on 6 January 1781, Peirson refused French demands to surrender and took command of the Garrison.[2] Peirson ordered his troops to hold their ground at the center of the island, and he repelled several French attacks on the position. However, he was shot in the heart by a musket ball, and died. During and after his death, the troops under his command were victorious in the Battle of Jersey.[3]

Places named after Peirson[edit]

The Peirson pub
  • The Peirson pub is where Phillipe de Rullecourt, the opposing French General, died.
  • Peirson Place is the short street leading into the Royal Square where Peirson was shot
  • Peirson Road is another street in Saint Helier

References[edit]

  1. ^ Scottish history errors explained, from The Scotsman, 3 November 2010 (retrieved 7.11.2010).
  2. ^ a b c Francis Peirson at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12153. p. 1. 13 January 1781. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
Government offices
Preceded by
Moses Corbet
Lieutenant Governor of Jersey
6 January 1781
(for one day)
Succeeded by
Vacant