Francis Plowden (barrister)
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Francis Plowden (8 June 1749 – 4 January 1829) was an English Jesuit, barrister and writer.
When the Society was suppressed, he was teaching at the College at Bruges. Not being in holy orders he was, by the terms of suppression, relieved of his first vows, and soon afterwards married Dorothea, daughter of George Phillips of Carnarvonshire.
He entered the Middle Temple and practiced as a conveyancer, the only department of the legal profession open to Catholics under the Penal Laws. After the relief Act of 1791 he was called to the Bar. His first major work, Jura Anglorum, appeared in 1792, a conservative formulation of natural rights and contract theory. It was attacked in a pamphlet by his brother Robert Plowden, a priest under the title of "A Roman Catholic Clergyman". The book was so highly thought of that the University of Oxford presented him with the honorary degree of D.C.L., a unique distinction for a Catholic of those days.
His improvidence, extreme views, and intractable disposition made his life a troubled one. Having fallen out with the Lord Chancellor, he ceased to practice at the bar and devoted himself to writing. While in Dublin (1811) he published his work "Ireland since the Union" which led to a prosecution on the part of the Government for libel, resulting in a verdict of £5000 damages. Plowden considered that this was rewarded by a packed jury and determined not to pay it. He escaped to Paris where he spent the remaining years of his life in comparative poverty as a professor at the Scots College, dying on 4 January 1829, aged 79.
Plowden's Historical Review of the State of Ireland (1803) was written at the request of the Government, but it was too outspoken a condemnation to meet their views, and was attacked by Richard Musgrave in the Historical Review and also by the British Critic. Plowden answered by a Posthumous Preface giving an account of his communications with Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, and also by a Historical Letter to Sir Richard Musgrave.
- The Case Stated (Cath. Relief Act, 1791).
- Church and State (London, 1794).
- Treatise on the Law of Usury (London, 1796).
- The Constitution of the United Kingdom (London, 1802).
- Historical Letters to Rev. C. O'Connor (Dublin, 1812).
- Human Subordination (Paris, 1824).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Francis Plowden". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. The entry cites:
- Thompson Cooper (1896). "Plowden, Francis Peter". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 45. London: Smith, Elder & Co., s. v.
- Joseph Gillow, Bibl. Dict. Eng. Cath. s. v.
- John Kirk, Biographies of English Catholics
- Henry Foley, Records Eng. Prov. S. J., IV, VII (London, 1878–80), giving pedigree of Plowden;
- Bernard Ward, The Dawn of the Catholic Revival in England 1781-1803 (London, 1909)
- Gentleman's Magazine (1829)