Francis Plunkett Dunne

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Major-General Francis Plunkett Dunne
Born c.1802
Died 6 July 1874
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Major-General
Awards Privy Counsellor of Ireland (1866)
Order of St Saviour (Greece)
Other work Politician

Major-General Rt Hon Francis Plunkett Dunne, PC(Ire), (died 1874), was an Irish landowner, officer in the British Army, and member of Parliament of the United Kingdom, where he was sometimes known as 'the Honourable Member for the Army' because of his staunch support of the military.

Family[edit]

Francis Plunkett Dunne was the eldest son of General Edward Dunne (1767–1844) of Brittas, Queen's County (now County Laois), by his wife Frances White, sister of the 1st Earl of Bantry.[1][2][3]

Dunne was educated at Trinity College, Dublin and the Senior Department of the Royal Military College, Sandhurst (the Senior Department was the predecessor of the Staff College).[4]

Military career[edit]

Dunne was commissioned (by purchase) as a Cornet in the 7th Dragoon Guards in 1823, and purchased promotions to Lieutenant in 1825 and Captain in 1826. Shortly after the latter promotion he was placed on half pay, but exchanged into the 10th Foot in 1829, serving with that regiment for the remainder of his active career.[5][6] For much of that time the 10th was stationed in the Ionian Islands,[7] and Dunne was awarded the Order of St Saviour of Greece.[8] In 1840 Dunne was promoted to be an unattached Major on the half-pay list: he never returned to full pay, but he did receive periodic brevet promotions: Lieutenant-Colonel in 1851, Colonel in 1854, and Major-General in 1865. He was also Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant and later Honorary Colonel of the Queen's County Militia.[9][10]

Political career[edit]

Dunne sat as Member of Parliament for the Irish constituency of Portarlington from 1847 to 1857, and held the office of Clerk of the Ordnance 1852–53.[11] As a backbencher he frequently took a leading role in debates on military issues, and was sometimes jokingly referred to as 'the Honourable Member for the Army'.[12] He was private secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, the Earl of Eglinton, in 1858–59, and afterwards returned to the Westminster Parliament as MP for Queen's County 1859–68.[13] He was appointed a member of the Privy Council of Ireland in 1866.[14] He stood unsuccessfully for re-election for Queen's County in 1874,[15] but died shortly afterwards.

Brittas Castle[edit]

In 1869 Dunne rebuilt Brittas Castle to a design by the architect John McCurdy. The castellated house was destroyed by fire in 1942. The ruined tower still stands.[16][17]

Death[edit]

Francis Plunkett Dunne died unmarried on 6 July 1874 [18] and was succeeded in his estates by his brother Edward Meadows Dunne.[19]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sir Bernard Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, London: Harrison, 1871 Edn.
  2. ^ http://thepeerage.com/p10242.htm#i102412
  3. ^ http://www.irishmidlandsancestry.com/content/laois/people/dunne_edward.htm
  4. ^ Supplement to Thom’s Irish Almanac and Official Directory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for the year 1874, Dublin: March 1874.
  5. ^ Annual Army List, 1824–1840 Edns.
  6. ^ Hart's Army List, 1840 Edn.
  7. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20060107075940/http://www.regiments.org/deploy/uk/reg-inf/010-1.htm
  8. ^ Thom's Irish Directory 1874 Edn.
  9. ^ Annual Army List, 1840-74 Edns.
  10. ^ Hart's Army List, 1840–4 Edns.
  11. ^ Thom's Irish Directory 1874 Edn.
  12. ^ Indian News, 30 July 1856.
  13. ^ Thom's Irish Directory 1874 Edn.
  14. ^ Thom's Irish Directory 1874 Edn.
  15. ^ Times, 10 Feb 1874.
  16. ^ http://www.askaboutireland.ie/reading-room/history-heritage/heritage-towns/towns-and-villages-of-lao/clonaslee/brittas-castle/
  17. ^ http://www.crabappleloft.com/Crabappleloft/Brittas_House_(Dunne_Clan_castle).html
  18. ^ Thom's Irish Directory, 1875 Edn.
  19. ^ Sir Bernard Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain and Ireland, London: Harrison, 1875 Edn.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Dawson-Damer
Member of Parliament for Portarlington
1847–1857
Succeeded by
Lionel Dawson-Damer
Preceded by
Michael Dunne
Sir Charles Coote
Member of Parliament for Queen's County
1859–1868
With: Michael Dunne 1859–1865
John Fitzpatrick 1865–1868
Succeeded by
John Fitzpatrick
Kenelm Digby