Francis Rowland Scarlett

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Francis Rowland Scarlett
F R Scarlett.jpg
Air Commodore Scarlett
Born 18 May 1875
Died 15 April 1934 (aged 58)
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
 Royal Air Force
Years of service c. 1891–1931
Rank Air Vice-Marshal
Commands held No. 12 Group
No. 1 School of Technical Training
Coastal Area
Air Defence of Great Britain
Fighting Area
RAF Middle East
Battles/wars World War I

Air Vice-Marshal Francis Rowland Scarlett CB, DSO, RAF (18 May 1875 - 15 April 1934) was a senior Royal Air Force commander.

Early and family life[edit]

Francis Rowland Scarlett was born on 18 May 1875, the son of Lieutenant-Colonel William James Scarlett. At the age of 29 he married Dora Blakiston-Houston, the daughter of John Blakiston-Houston,[1] an Irish Unionist Party politician. He was the father of Air Vice Marshal James Rowland Scarlett-Streatfeild who was killed serving in World War II.

Military career[edit]

Scarlett joined the Royal Navy in (or around) 1891 and in April 1913 he attended the Central Flying School, being awarded his Aviator's Certificate no. 468 on 4 April 1913.[2] He served in World War I as the Inspecting Captain of Aircraft, of Air Stations and then of Air Training, gaining a promotion to wing captain at the close of 1915.[2] In February 1916 he became Commander of all Royal Naval Air Service units in the Eastern Mediterranean and in May 1919 he was given command of No. 12 Group.[2] He was created a Commander of the Greek Order of the Redeemer.[3]

In December 1919 became was made Officer Commanding the No. 1 School of Technical Training at RAF Halton and on 22 January 1920, he was awarded a permanent commission in the RAF.[2] He went on to be Air Officer Commanding Coastal Area in 1924, Air Officer Commanding Air Defence of Great Britain (on a temporary basis) in 1928 and Air Officer Commanding Fighting Area in January 1929.[2] His last appointment was as Air Officer Commanding Middle East Command in October 1929 before he retired in the rank of Air Vice Marshal in December 1931.[2]


Military offices
New title Inspecting Captain of Air Training
September 1915 – January 1916
Succeeded by
H D Briggs
Preceded by
F H Sykes
Officer Commanding RNAS Eastern Mediterranean
February 1916 – 1917
Succeeded by
Preceded by
H D Briggs
General Officer Commanding No. 12 Group
Title next held by
J H S Tyssen
In 1937
Preceded by
New Creation
Commandant, No. 1 School of Technical Training
8 December 1919–27 February 1924
Succeeded by
C L Lambe
Preceded by
A V Vyvyan
Air Officer Commanding Coastal Area
1924 – 1928
Succeeded by
C L Lambe
Preceded by
Sir John Salmond
Commander-in-Chief Air Defence of Great Britain
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Ellington
Preceded by
T I Webb-Bowen
Air Officer Commanding Middle East Command
1929 – 1931
Succeeded by
C L N Newall