Francis Trowbridge Sherman

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This article is about the Civil War General. For the poet, see Francis Joseph Sherman.
Francis T. Sherman
Born (1825-12-31)December 31, 1825
Newtown, Connecticut
Died November 9, 1905(1905-11-09) (aged 79)
Waukegan, Illinois
Place of burial Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, Illinois
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861-1866
Rank Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General of Volunteers
Commands held 88th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars

American Civil War

Other work brick maker, postal clerk, hotel proprietor

Francis Trowbridge Sherman (1825-1905) was a Union general during the American Civil War. He served in the cavalry and infantry, seeing action in both the Western Theater and Eastern Theater.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Sherman was born in Connecticut in 1825 but his family moved to Illinois in 1834 where his father, Francis Cornwall Sherman became heavily involved in Chicago politics serving as alderman and mayor of the city and as a state representative.[1] Francis T. Sherman traveled to West to participate in the California Gold Rush before returning to Illinois.

Civil War Service[edit]

Early in the Civil War began, Sherman served as lieutenant colonel of the 56th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment and major of the 12th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Cavalry without seeing any significant action. On September 4, 1862 he was appointed colonel of the 88th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment (a.k.a. 2nd Board of Trade Regiment).[2] Sherman led his regiment at the battles of Perryville and Stones River. He was not with the army during the battle of Chickamauga but took command of a brigade shortly after the battle. His brigade became the 1st Brigade in Philip H. Sheridan's 2nd Division of the newly formed IV Corps. Sherman was one of the brigade commanders that made the charge up Missionary Ridge during the battle of Chattanooga. He continued leading his brigade during the early part of the Atlanta Campaign at Rocky Face Ridge and Resaca before he was appointed as the chief of staff to the IV Corps. He served in that capacity during the rest of the campaign until he was captured outside Atlanta on July 7, 1864. He was officially exchanged on October 7, 1864 and was assigned to the Army of the Potomac as the assistant inspector general of the Cavalry Corps[3] during the Appomattox Campaign. Sherman was brevetted to brigadier general on March 13, 1865 and received a full promotion to brigadier general of volunteers on July 21, 1865. He was mustered out of the volunteer services on January 15, 1866.[3]

Later life[edit]

Following the war General Sherman embarked on a series of business ventures starting with managing a sugar plantation in Louisiana for a year before returning to Chicago. Back in Chicago he worked as the city's postmaster for two years and then started a stone and sand manufacturing company called Sherman, Haley & Company. The business was ruined in 1871 by the Great Chicago Fire which forced Sherman to seek business ventures elsewhere in the U.S. before he settled in Waukegan, Illinois where he died in 1905.

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