Francisco Amorós y Ondeano

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Portrait of Francisco Amoroso y Ondeano

Francisco Amorós y Ondeano, otherwise known as the Marquis of Sotelo (19 February 1770 – 1848), contributed to gymnastics in France and to the resurgence of sport in the so-called modern world in general.[1][2][3]

Ondeano was born in Valencia, Spain, the son of a brigadier of the Spanish army. At the age of nine he studied at a Saint-Isodore school within Madrid. At sixteen years of age he entered the military, in the capacity of an infantry-man in the army of Cordone.[2]

Ondeano took French nationality during 1816 and opened a gymnasium in Paris during 1817, and another in 1820, for the use of the military and also the general population.[4]

Amongst other works, he published texts entitled:

  • New Complete Manual of Physical Education for Gymnastics and Morals.[5]
  • Civil (or Civilian) French Gymnasium (of which there was an edition in print during the year 1819)[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ the United States of America's Library of Congress [Retrieved 2015-06-07]
  2. ^ a b Hortense G. Du Faÿ, Francisco Amoros y Ondeano (marq. de Sotelo.) (1855). Coup d'œil sur le mouvement européen de 1790 à 1814, justifiant l'invasion d'Espagne de 1808, ou, Notice sur le marquis de Spoleta. published Paris 1855 (Original from Oxford University, Digitized 28 Apr 2006). Retrieved 2015-06-07.
  3. ^ Conrado Durántez - The Foundation of the Spanish Olympic Committee published by the International Society of Olympic Historians [Retrieved 2015-08-08]
  4. ^ Jan Todd - Physical Culture and the Body Beautiful: Purposive Exercise in the Lives of American Women, 1800-1870 (p.63, note 27) Mercer University Press, 1998, 369 pages, ISBN 0865545618 Critical Studies in Education and Culture [Retrieved 2015-06-07]
  5. ^ Francisco Amorós Y. Ondeano - Nouveau Manuel Complet D'Éducation Physique, Gymnastique Et Morale, Volume 2 BiblioBazaar 2010, 212 pages, ISBN 1144330432 [Retrieved 2015-06-07]
  6. ^ Gymnase civil français impr. P. N. Rougeron, 1819, 19 pages, [Retrieved 2015-06-07] (ed. translated partly using HarperCollins Publishers French Dictionary)