Francisco Arias Cárdenas
|Francisco Arias Cárdenas|
|Governor of Zulia|
20 December 2012
|Preceded by||Pablo Pérez Álvarez|
|Deputy to the National Assembly|
1 January 2010 – 20 December 2012
|Governor of Zulia|
January 1996 – August 2000
|Preceded by||Lolita Aniyar de Castro|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Rosales|
20 November 1950 |
San Cristóbal, Táchira State Venezuela
|Political party||Radical Cause (1995–2001)|
|Spouse(s)||Margarita Padrón de Arias|
|Alma mater||Military Academy of Venezuela|
Francisco Javier Arias Cárdenas (born 20 November 1950) is a Venezuelan politician and career military officer, and the current governor of Zulia state. He participated in Hugo Chávez's unsuccessful February 1992 coup attempt, being pardoned in 1994 by Rafael Caldera, along with the other conspirators. He was elected Governor of Zulia state in 1995 for the Radical Cause, and challenged Hugo Chávez for the presidency in 2000. He subsequently served as Venezuelan Ambassador to the UN, and deputy to the National Assembly after the 2010 parliamentary elections.
Background and military career
Born at San Cristóbal in Táchira, Arias graduated from the Venezuelan Academy of Military Sciences in Caracas, the Universidad de Los Andes in Mérida, and the Pontifical Xavierian University in Bogotá, Colombia.
Arias joined Hugo Chávez's clandestine organization, the MBR-200, in 1985, and with Chávez went on to lead a coup attempt against the government of Carlos Andrés Pérez on 4 February 1992. Arias was in charge of the battalion that took over the city of Maracaibo. Despite the success of Arias' battalion, the coup failed when Chávez surrendered to the government. Arias was detained and imprisoned until 1994, when he was pardoned by Rafael Caldera.
In 1993, Arias split with Chávez and left the MBR-200, disagreeing with the group's then-strategy of electoral abstentionism. In 1995, Arias ran for governor of Zulia State, as a candidate of Radical Cause. When preliminary results showed the candidate of Acción Democrática winning, people rioted. Things returned to normal later the same day after a final recount of the votes showed Arias as the winner of the election. In 1998, Arias supported Chávez in his bid for the presidency, while he ran again for the governorship of Zulia. Both won their respective elections.
Over time, Arias became critical of Chávez' policies and actions. In 2000, when new presidential elections were called following the approval of a new constitution, Arias contested the election against Chávez. He was supported by a faction of the MBR-200 that had separated with Chávez following the inauguration of the 1999 constitution and claimed to be the "authentic" part of the Bolivarian movement. Arias lost the 2000 election but remained in politics at the head of his newly formed political party, Partido Unión.
On 4 February 2006, Chávez announced that Arias would be rejoining his government. On 1 May 2006, Arias was designated Venezuela's ambassador to the UN. In 2010 Arias was elected to represent Zulia state as a deputy to the National Assembly in the 2010 parliamentary elections.
In 2012, the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela / PSUV) selected Arias as its gubernatorial candidate for Zulia. He was elected governor of Zulia State with 52.99% of the vote.
- "Arias asiste a misa en conmemoración del 64 aniversario del Hospital Coromoto". Noticia al Día. Noticia al Día. 5 March 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- López Maya 1998, p. 90
- López Maya 2003, p. 83
- "Hoy está de cumpleaños nuestro gobernador Francisco Arias Cárdenas". Noticia al Día. Noticia al Día. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- Díaz, Sara Carolina (Aug 11, 2012). "Eight military men, two civilians are Chávez's bet for regional elections". El Universal. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
- López Maya, Margarita (1998), "New Avenues for Popular Representation in Venezuela: La Causa R and the Movimiento Bolivariano 200", in Canache, Damarys; Kulisheck, Michael R., Reinventing Legitimacy: Democracy and Political Change in Venezuela, Greenwood Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-313-30668-6.
- López Maya, Margarita (2003), "Hugo Chávez Frías: His Movement and His Presidency", in Ellner, Steve; Hellinger, Daniel, Venezuelan Politics in the Chávez Era: Class, Polarization, and Conflict, Lynne Rienner Publishers, ISBN 1588261085.
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Pablo Pérez Álvarez
|Governor of Zulia
2012 – 2016
Lolita Aniyar de Castro
|Governor of Zulia
1996 – 2000