Francisco García Calderón
|Francisco García Calderón|
|22nd President of Peru|
March 12, 1881 – September 28, 1881
|Preceded by||Nicolás de Piérola|
|Succeeded by||Lizardo Montero Flores|
|Born||April 2, 1834
|Died||September 21, 1905
Francisco García Calderón Landa (April 2, 1834 – September 21, 1905) was a lawyer and president of Peru for a short seven-month period in 1881, during the War of the Pacific. García Calderón was a key figure in the final peace accords between Peru and Chile. Later in post-presidential career, in 1892, he was commissioned to arbitrate land disputes between Peru and Ecuador, which centered on the contested provinces of Mainas, Jaén and Tumbes. He was an academic as well, having authored a comprehensive history of the previously-mentioned contested provinces, as well as a monograph on Peruvian legislation titled, Diccionario de la Legislación Peruana.
Francisco García Calderón was born in Arequipa on April 2, 1834, as the son of Judge Doctor Eduardo García Calderón y Crespo and Ventura Landa y Guerola. He studied at the Colegio de la Independencia (English: Independence College) where he later worked as professor of Philosophy and Mathematics.
With his Diccionario de la Legislación Peruana (English: Dictionary of Peruvian Legislation) he established his name as an eminent lawyer. In 1868 he was in function as Finance minister for a short period of time.
- Francisco Garcia Calderon Collection, 1876 - 1909 (0.6 linear feet, housed at Special Collections and Archives at the UC San Diego Library)
Nicolás de Piérola
|President of Peru
Lizardo Montero Flores
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