Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa
Cardinal, Archbishop Emeritus of Santiago de Chile
Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa (cropped).jpg
ArchdioceseSantiago
SeeSantiago
Appointed24 April 1998
Installed17 May 1998
Term ended15 December 2010
PredecessorCarlos Oviedo Cavada
SuccessorRicardo Ezzati Andrello
Other postsCardinal-Priest of S. Maria della Pace (2001-)
Orders
Ordination16 July 1961
by Manuel Larraín Errazuriz
Consecration6 January 1991
by Pope John Paul II
Created cardinal21 February 2001
by Pope John Paul II
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Birth nameFrancisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa
Born (1933-09-05) 5 September 1933 (age 85)
Santiago, Chile
NationalityChilean
DenominationRoman Catholic
Previous post
Alma mater
Coat of armsFrancisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa's coat of arms

Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa[pronunciation?] (born 5 September 1933) is a Chilean prelate of the Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Santiago from 1998 to 2010. He has been a cardinal since 2001 and was a member of Pope Francis' Council of Cardinal Advisers from its creation in 2013 until his departure in 2018.

Styles of
Francisco Errázuriz Ossa
Coat of arms of Francisco Javier Errazuriz Ossa.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeSantiago de Chile (emeritus)

Early life[edit]

Born in Santiago, second of the six children of Pedro Errázuriz Larraín and Marta Ossa Ruíz. He studied at the Liceo Alemán de los padres del Verbo Divino and later at the Faculty of Engineering of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, where he graduated with a bachelor's degree in mathematics in 1953.

For eight years, he was a member of the Student Center and of Federation of Students and joined different university groups of the nascent Schönstatt Movement. Errázuriz befriended the Servant of God Mario Hiriart Pulido and with him and other students originated this Marian apostolic movement in Chile.

Errázuriz attended the State University of Fribourg, Switzerland, where he obtained a licentiate in philosophy and doctorate in theology. Besides his native Spanish, he speaks Italian, German and French.

Priest[edit]

He was ordained as a priest for the Schönstatt Fathers on 16 July 1961,[1] in Fribourg, by Manuel Larraín Errázuriz, bishop of Talca. In October 1962, he met the Rev. Josef Kentenich, founder of the secular Institute of Fathers of Schönstatt, whose spiritual paternity he considers a special gift from God. From 1963 to 1965, Errázuriz was consultor of youth communities and university students in several cities in Chile.

He served from 1965 to 1971 as regional superior in Chile of the Fathers of Schönstatt. From Chile he directed the community of the institute in the Iberian peninsula and in Ecuador. As regional superior, he participated in the conference of clergy in Chile and was elected its vice-president. During those years he worked with Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez, who had welcomed the institute, then in its organizational phase, in his archdiocese. In 1971, he was called to serve his community's general council in Germany.[1]

He became a member of the general council of the institute from 1971 to 1974. In 1974, he was elected superior general of the Schönstatt Fathers, and president of the International Council of the Work of Schöntatt, and re-elected in 1980 and 1986. Because of his post, he conducted multiple pastoral visits to Europe, America, Africa and Australia. and then became a chaplain in the Schönstatt Movement.

Bishop[edit]

On 22 December 1990, Errázuriz was appointed titular Archbishop of Hólar and secretary of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life. He was consecrated on 6 January 1991 in the Lateran Basilica by Pope John Paul II.[1] The principal co-consecrators were Giovanni Battista Re, then the Substitute for General Affairs of the Secretariat of State and Justin Francis Rigali, secretary of the Congregation for Bishops. Errázuriz adopted the motto: Ut vitam habeant. He attended the IX Ordinary Assembly of the World Synod of Bishops, in the Vatican City, 2–29 October 1994, as an appointee of Pope John Paul.

Errázuriz was named bishop of Valparaíso, Chile, on 24 September 1996. He attended the Special Assembly for America of the World Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, 16 November – 12 December 1997. He was transferred to the metropolitan see of Archdiocese of Santiago, on 24 April 1998.[1] He became the Grand chancellor of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile the same year. He was elected president of the Chilean Episcopal Conference for three years, on 20 November 1998; and reelected, on 16 November 2001. He was elected first vice-president of the Latin American Episcopal Council (CELAM), on 13 May 1999.

Cardinal[edit]

He was created cardinal in the consistory of 21 February 2001 by Pope John Paul II and was assigned as Cardinal-Priest to the titular church of S. Maria della Pace.[2][3][4] In May of the same year he was named a member of the Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life[5] and of the Pontifical Council for the Family.[6]

He attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the World Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, 30 September – 27 October 2001. He was inducted as a member of the Academy of Social, Political and Moral Sciences of the Institute of Chile, Santiago, on 19 December 2002. He was elected president of the Episcopal Conference of Latin America (CELAM) on 16 May 2003 to serve from 2003 to 2007.[7] He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI.[8] He attended the XI General Ordinary Assembly of the World Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, 2–23 October 2005 as a papal appointee.[9]

He was President of the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American and Caribbean Bishops, which met in Aparecida, Brazil, from 13 to 31 May 2007.[1]

Pope Benedict XVI accepted Errázuriz's resignation as Archbishop of Santiago on 15 December 2010.[10] His successor is Ricardo Ezzati Andrello. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis.[11]

On 13 April 2013 Pope Francis appointed him to the Council of Cardinal Advisers to advise him and to study a plan for revising the Apostolic Constitution on the Roman Curia, Pastor Bonus.[12][13]

Sexual abuse cases[edit]

During his time as cardinal, Errázuriz refused to meet with those who claimed to have been abused by clergymen. He refused public calls for an investigation of Father Fernando Karadima and the issue of clergy sexual abuse more generally. In 2010, Father Fernando was found by Chilean court and church investigations to have been an abuser and was forced into retirement.[14] In court testimony, Errázuriz asserted that he did not act on allegations he received because he believed them to be untrue.

In 2015 documents published in Chile showed that Errázuriz and Cardinal Ricardo Ezzati Andrello tried to prevent Juan Carlos Cruz, one of Chile's best known survivors of clerical abuse, from being nominated to the Vatican's newly established Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors.[15][16] In May 2018, Errázuriz declined an invitation to travel to the Vatican to attend a sex abuse conference with the Chilean Bishops, citing “personal reasons."[17]

Evidence of sex abuse coverup[edit]

In 2018, a 2009 email which Errázuriz wrote to then Apostolic Nuncio to Chile Archbishop Giuseppe Pinto and which was made public during a lawsuit which Cruz and two other filed against the Archdiocese of Santiago revealed Errázuriz's role in covering up growing allegations of sexual abuse against notorious priest Fernando Karadima “The presentation of the allegations to the promotor of justice normally calms the aggression of the accusers,” Errázuriz wrote. “With respect to F. Karadima I didn’t ask the promotor to interrogate him; I only asked Monsignor Andrés Arteaga for his opinion. He considered everything absolutely implausible. Since this was about facts that had prescribed [past the statute of limitations], I closed the investigation. That’s how I chose to protect them, conscious that the way I acted, if the accusers at some point brought the case to the media, it would turn against me.”[18] A complaint which was filed by three victims of Karadima on October 25, 2018 named Errázuriz as the leader of the coverup and Ezzati, Pinto, Artega (who now serves as Auxiliary Bishop of Santiago), and Chile's Minister of the Court of Appeals Juan Manuel Muñoz as witnesses to it as well.[19]

Departure from the Council of Cardinals[edit]

It was reported in July 2018 that Errázuriz was now living in a nursing home in Chile.[20] On 16 August 2018, Spanish media reported that Errazuriz had been removed from the Council of Cardinal Advisers due to the ongoing allegations.[21] Though he had not yet been officially removed from the Council, Errazuriz was also absent from a September 2018 Council of Cardinals meeting due to sex abuse investigations.[22]

Victims of Karadima filed a complaint against Errazuriz on 25 October, accusing him of perjury in the civil suit for compensation for damages filed against the Archdiocese of Santiago[19] On 15 November 2018, Errazuriz announced that he was no longer a member of the Council of Cardinal Advisers, saying his five-year term had expired, though all other member of the Council remained in place.[23][24] At the same time, a Chilean prosecutor announced that he had summoned Errázuriz to testify about covering up sexual abuse.[23][24]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Errázuriz Ossa Card. Francisco Javier". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  2. ^ "24 New Cardinals Installed by Pope". New York Times. 29 June 1988. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  3. ^ Suro, Roberto (30 May 1988). "Pope Chooses 25 New Cardinals, Including Two American Prelates". New York Times. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  4. ^ Pope John Paul II (21 February 2001). "Concistoro Ordinario Pubblico per la creazione dei nuovi Cardinali" [Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals]. The Holy See (Homily) (in Italian). Libreria Editrica Vaticana. Assegnazione dei Titoli o delle Diaconie ai nuovi Cardinali. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  5. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 58.05.2001" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 15 May 2001. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 18.05.2001" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 18 May 2001. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Chilean Cardinal Errazuriz Elected New President of CELAM". Zenit. 16 May 2003. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Los 115 cardenales del cónclave". 20 Minutos (in Spanish). 12 April 2005. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Pontiff Names 36 to Synod on Eucharist". Zenit. 8 September 2005. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine, 15.12.2010" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 15 December 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  11. ^ Miranda, Oriana (11 March 2013). "Cardenal Errázuriz se defiende de acusaciones de víctimas de Karadima". Radio Uchile (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Comunicato della Segretaria del Stato" [Communication from the Secretariat of State]. Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
  13. ^ "Pope's eight cardinal advisors say the Curia is not the only thing they'll be reforming". Vatican Insider. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  14. ^ Goodstein, Laurie (26 February 2013). "Now Gathering in Rome, a Conclave of Fallible Cardinals". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Survivor blocked from child protection commission". Rte.ie. 13 September 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2017.
  16. ^ McGarry, Patsy (15 October 2015). "Collins says abuse survivor not blocked from Vatican body". Irish Times. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  17. ^ https://cruxnow.com/global-church/2018/05/10/chilean-cardinal-at-center-of-abuse-scandal-wont-travel-to-rome/
  18. ^ https://cruxnow.com/church-in-the-americas/2018/10/22/chile-survivors-win-lawsuit-accusing-2-cardinals-of-cover-up/
  19. ^ a b "Karadima victims file complaint against Cardinal Errázuriz". Catholic News Agency. 1 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  20. ^ https://www.reuters.com/article/us-pope-interview-chile-exclusive/exclusive-pope-says-he-could-accept-more-resignations-over-chile-sex-abuse-idUSKBN1JG20B
  21. ^ Eldiarios.es, August 16, 2018 https://m.eldiario.es/sociedad/Papa-expulsara-implicados-pederastia-EEUU_0_804219699.html
  22. ^ https://cruxnow.com/vatican/2018/09/12/pope-calls-meeting-with-heads-of-all-bishops-conferences-to-address-abuse-crisis/
  23. ^ a b San Martín, Inés (15 November 2018). "Chilean cardinal confirms exit from Pope Francis's advisory body". Crux. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
  24. ^ a b "Cardinal Errazuriz confirms exit from Council of Cardinals". Catholic Herald. 15 November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Jorge Medina
Bishop of Valparaíso
1996–1998
Succeeded by
Gonzalo Duarte García de Cortázar
Preceded by
Carlos Oviedo Cavada
Archbishop of Santiago
1998–2010
Succeeded by
Ricardo Ezzati Andrello