|Member of the Council of State|
12 January 2016
|Appointed by||Assembly of the Republic|
|President||Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
|Coordinator of the Left Bloc|
24 March 1999 – 10 November 2011
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Catarina Martins
|Born||Francisco Anacleto Louçã
12 November 1956
|Political party||Left Bloc (since 1999)|
|Revolutionary Socialist Party (1978-1999)
Internationalist Communist League (1973-1978)
|Alma mater||Technical University of Lisbon|
He is the second son of António Seixas Louçã, a Portuguese Navy Officer, and his wife Noémia da Rocha Neves Anacleto, lawyer, grandson of António Neves Anacleto, from Silves, brother of Isabel Maria, António, João Carlos and Jorge Manuel, and cousin of Vítor Gaspar, former Minister of Finances at the right winged Pedro Passos Coelho's government.
Louçã was an active opponent of the pre-democracy regime. He was arrested for a protest against the colonial war in 1972, before the fall of the fascist dictatorship, which lasted in Portugal for about forty years and finished with the Carnation Revolution, (April 25, 1974). In 1999, after pursuing his academic career, he helped found the left-wing party Left Bloc (Portuguese: Bloco de Esquerda).
He is a Full Professor of Economics in Lisbon's Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão ("Higher Institute of Economics and Management"), which belongs to the Technical University of Lisbon and was a member of the Portuguese Parliament from 1999 to 2012.
He is the author of several books and scientific articles on the history of economic thought, the dynamics of complex adaptive systems and the nature of long-term techno-economic change, including "Turbulence in Economics" (Elgar, 1997), "As Time Goes By" (with Chris Freeman, Oxford University Press, 2011 and 2002, translated into Portuguese, Russian, Chinese), "The Years of High Econometrics" (Routledge, 2007) and a number of papers in scientific journals in economics, mathematical physics, history of economic ideas, mathematical modeling of financial markets, history of biology. His scientific books are translated into eleven languages. In 1999 he was awarded the prize for the best scientific paper of the year, "History of Economics Association" (ref. Google Books).
Candidate to the Portuguese 2006 presidential elections, Louçã received 288,224 votes (5.31%).
Francisco Louçã is one of the five personalities elected by the Assembly of the Republic to the Council of State on 18 December 2015, and he took office on 12 January 2016. He is also the first member of Left Bloc to acceed to this organ.
2006 Portuguese presidential election
|Candidates||Supporting parties||First round|
|Aníbal Cavaco Silva||Social Democratic Party, People's Party||2,773,431||50.54|
|Mário Soares||Socialist Party||785,355||14.31|
|Jerónimo de Sousa||Portuguese Communist Party, Ecologist Party "The Greens"||474,083||8.64|
|Francisco Louçã||Left Bloc||292,198||5.32|
|António Garcia Pereira||PCTP/MRPP||23,983||0.44|
|Total (turnout 61.53%)||5,590,132|
|Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições|
- Interview by Mark Bergfeld at MRZINE, May 13, 2005
- Raphael Minder, "Rising Left Bloc in Portugal Could Threaten Austerity Drive", The New York Times, November 8, 2015.
- Raphael Minder, "Portugal’s Government Ousted in Challenge to Austerity", The New York Times, November 10, 2015.
- "Portuguese MPs force minority government to quit over austerity"
- Francisco Louçã, Texts at Ideas
- Francisco Louçã, Articles
- As Time Goes By: From the Industrial Revolutions to the Information Revolution – paper by Chris Freeman and Francisco Louçã at Oxford Scholarship
- Francisco Louçã, Publications
- Francisco Louçã, The Years of High Econometrics (A short history of the generation that reinvented economics) – paper, Routledge