Francisco Marroquín Hurtado
|Bishop of Santiago de Guatemala|
Francisco Marroquín on a Guatemalan stamp
|Diocese||Diocese of Santiago de Guatemala|
|Successor||Bernardino de Villalpando|
|Consecration||8 April 1537|
by Juan de Zumárraga
|Died||19 April 1563 (84-85 years old)|
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Marroquín was born near Santander, Spain. He studied philosophy and theology in Osuna. After entering the priesthood, Marroquín became a professor at the University of Osuna where he met Bishop García de Loaisa, an adviser to Emperor Charles V. Marroquín became a priest in the Spanish royal court. In 1528 the conquistador Pedro de Alvarado, Governor of Guatemala, was in Spain and met Marroquín; he convinced the priest to accompany him back to Guatemala.
After first arriving in Mexico, he traveled onwards to Guatemala with Alvarado, in May 1528. On April 11, 1530, he was appointed parish priest of Guatemala. On December 18, 1534, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Paul III as Bishop of Santiago de Guatemala and later provisional governor of Guatemala. On April 8, 1537, he was consecrated bishop by Juan de Zumárraga, Archbishop of Mexico, with Juan Lopez de Zárate, Bishop of Antequera, Oaxaca serving as co-consecrator. While bishop, he was the principal consecrator of Tomás Casillas, Bishop of Chiapas (1552) and principal co-consecrator of Antonio de Valdivieso, Bishop of Nicaragua (1544).
Marroquín founded the School of Saint Thomas in 1559 (now the University of San Carlos of Guatemala) as part of his efforts to educate the native people. He became a scholar of the K'iche' language and published the first catechism in that language.
- Recinos 1952, 1986, p. 127. n. 75.
- Eubel, Konrad (1923). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi. Vol. III (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. p. 207. (in Latin)
- Recinos 1952, 1986, p. 127.
- Pérez de Antón, Francisco (January 13, 1992). "In Praise of Francisco Marroquín" (PDF). Universidad Francisco Marroquín, Guatemala City.
- Recinos 1952, 1986, pp. 126–127.
- "Francisco Marroquín (1499–1563)" (PDF). Religion & Liberty. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty. 12 (5). September and October 2002. Archived from the original (pdf) on June 27, 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-14. Check date values in:
- Cheney, David M. "Bishop Francisco Marroquín Hurtado". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. [self-published]
- "Francisco Marroquin (1478–1563)" (Spanish). Genesis Megaprogramas, SA. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
- Cheney, David M. "Archdiocese of Guatemala". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. (for Chronology of Bishops) [self-published]
- Chow, Gabriel. "Metropolitan Archdiocese of Santiago de Guatemala". GCatholic.org. Retrieved June 16, 2018. (for Chronology of Bishops) [self-published]
- Recinos, Adrian (1986) . Pedro de Alvarado: Conquistador de México y Guatemala (in Spanish) (2nd ed.). Guatemala: CENALTEX Centro Nacional de Libros de Texto y Material Didáctico "José de Pineda Ibarra". OCLC 243309954.
|Catholic Church titles|
| Bishop of Santiago de Guatemala
Bernardino de Villalpando