Francisco Marroquín

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Most Reverend

Francisco Marroquín Hurtado
Bishop of Santiago de Guatemala
Francisco Marroquín Husrtado.jpg
Francisco Marroquín on a Guatemalan stamp
ChurchCatholic Church
DioceseDiocese of Santiago de Guatemala
In office1534–1563
SuccessorBernardino de Villalpando
Consecration8 April 1537
by Juan de Zumárraga
Personal details
Santander, Spain
Died19 April 1563 (84-85 years old)
Guatemala City, Guatemala

Francisco Marroquín (1499 – April 18, 1563) was the first bishop of Guatemala,[1][2] translator of Central American languages and provisional Governor of Guatemala.


Marroquín was born near Santander, Spain. He studied philosophy and theology in Osuna.[3] After entering the priesthood, Marroquín became a professor at the University of Osuna where he met Bishop García de Loaisa, an adviser to Emperor Charles V.[4] Marroquín became a priest in the Spanish royal court.[3] In 1528 the conquistador Pedro de Alvarado, Governor of Guatemala, was in Spain and met Marroquín; he convinced the priest to accompany him back to Guatemala.[5]

After first arriving in Mexico, he traveled onwards to Guatemala with Alvarado, in May 1528. On April 11, 1530, he was appointed parish priest of Guatemala.[6] On December 18, 1534, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Paul III as Bishop of Santiago de Guatemala[7] and later provisional governor of Guatemala.[6] On April 8, 1537, he was consecrated bishop by Juan de Zumárraga, Archbishop of Mexico, with Juan Lopez de Zárate, Bishop of Antequera, Oaxaca serving as co-consecrator.[7] While bishop, he was the principal consecrator of Tomás Casillas, Bishop of Chiapas (1552) and principal co-consecrator of Antonio de Valdivieso, Bishop of Nicaragua (1544).[7]

Marroquín founded the School of Saint Thomas in 1559 (now the University of San Carlos of Guatemala) as part of his efforts to educate the native people. He became a scholar of the K'iche' language and published the first catechism in that language.[8]

The Universidad Francisco Marroquín in Guatemala City is named for him.


  1. ^ Recinos 1952, 1986, p. 127. n. 75.
  2. ^ Eubel, Konrad (1923). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi. Vol. III (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. p. 207. (in Latin)
  3. ^ a b Recinos 1952, 1986, p. 127.
  4. ^ Pérez de Antón, Francisco (January 13, 1992). "In Praise of Francisco Marroquín" (PDF). Universidad Francisco Marroquín, Guatemala City. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 13, 2007. Retrieved October 15, 2008.
  5. ^ Recinos 1952, 1986, pp. 126–127.
  6. ^ a b "Francisco Marroquín (1499–1563)" (pdf). Religion & Liberty. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty. 12 (5). September and October 2002. Retrieved 2008-10-14. Check date values in: |date= (help)[dead link]
  7. ^ a b c Cheney, David M. "Bishop Francisco Marroquín Hurtado". Retrieved June 16, 2018. [self-published]
  8. ^ "Francisco Marroquin (1478–1563)" (Spanish). Genesis Megaprogramas, SA. Retrieved 2008-10-14.

External links and additional sources[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Bishop of Santiago de Guatemala
Succeeded by
Bernardino de Villalpando