Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias

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Francisco Miró Quesada
Peruvian Ambassador to France
In office
Preceded byJulio Óscar Trelles Montes
Succeeded byMario Alzamora Valdez
Minister of Public Education of Peru
In office
28 July 1963 – 3 October 1964
PresidentFernando Belaúnde
Preceded byFranklin Pease Olivera
Succeeded byErnesto Montagne Sánchez
Personal details
Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias

(1918-12-21)21 December 1918
Lima, Peru
Died11 June 2019(2019-06-11) (aged 100)
Lima, Peru
Political partyPopular Action
Spouse(s)Doris Rada Jordán
ChildrenFrancisco Miró Quesada Rada
Eduardo Miró Quesada Rada
Diego Miró Quesada Rada
FatherÓscar Miró Quesada de la Guerra
Alma materNational University of San Marcos
OccupationPhilosopher, journalist, politician
AwardsLegion of Honour
Order of the Sun of Peru

Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias (21 December 1918 – 11 June 2019)[1] was a Peruvian philosopher, journalist and politician.

In his works he discusses the belief in "human nature" on the basis that any collective assumption about such a nature will be frustrating, and will have negative public results. He was interested in so-called "unorthodox logics". The term "paraconsistent logic" was coined in 1976 by him. He made his editorial debut in 1941, with Sense of the phenomenological movement.[2]

He was the first person of the Americas to hold the position of president of the International Federation of Philosophy Societies, elected in Moscow in 1990.


He was the son of journalist Óscar Miró Quesada de la Guerra and María Josefina Cantuarias Dañino. His father, a renowned social researcher, was director of the newspaper El Comercio belonging to his family.

He completed his school studies, first, at the Pensionnat du Sacré-Coeur de Passy, in Paris, and then at the schools of the Sacred Hearts of Belén and Recoleta, and at the Antonio Raimondi Italian school in Lima. He completed his studies at the Faculty of Arts of the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, where he graduated from Bachelor of Philosophy with the thesis Crítica de la prueba ontológica a través de San Anselmo, Descartes, Spinoza y Leibniz (Critic of the ontological test through San Anselmo, Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz) in 1938, and he continued at the National University of San Marcos, where he studied Philosophy and Mathematics, opting for the degree of doctor with the thesis Algunos estudios sobre las categorías. Ensayo de una crítica de la vida sicológica en general (Some studies on the categories. Essay of a critique of psychological life in general) in 1939. Subsequently, he obtained the bachelors in Mathematics and Law (1953) in the latter university and the title of lawyer.

He made his debut in 1941 with Sentido del movimiento fenomenológico (Meaning of the phenomenological movement). The term paraconsistent logic was coined by Miró Quesada at the Third Latin America Conference on Mathematical Logic in 1976.[2]

After Miró Quesada graduated from the University of San Marcos with a doctorate in Philosophy, he began teaching there as a professor of Contemporary Philosophy. Later, in 1952, he was granted a scholarship by UNESCO to go to France, Italy, and England to study the formation of the secondary teaching staff. In 1953, he published the Sunday Supplement (el Suplemento Dominical).

In July 1963, during the first Popular Action government, President Fernando Belaúnde Terry appointed him Minister of Public Education of Peru. As such, he made several innovations, among which highlight the creation of an office dedicated to serving parents, another oriented to the attention of the members of the teachers' union; the massive construction of classrooms using the methods of Popular Cooperation – one of the principles inspired by the acciopopulist ideology; the application, for the first time, of bilingual education methods in Peru; and the incorporation of a high percentage of the primary school population into the education system. In October 1964, he was questioned by the appropriate majority of the National Parliament and censured for leaving the floor without the debate over the alleged illegal transfer of several million soles from his office.

During the government of Francisco Morales Bermúdez, he was an ideologist summoned for this management and worked as a professor at Cayetano Heredia University and Lima University. Upon reaching seventy years of age, he was dismissed at the University of Lima; and went on to work at the Ricardo Palma University. He continues publishing in the newspaper of his family, El Comercio de Lima.

From 2003 to September 2008, he served as the journalistic director of the newspaper El Comercio.[3]

Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias received on December 9, 2008 the Medal of Honor of the Congress of the Republic, in the degree of Grand Officer for his outstanding philosophical work, journalism, political thought and scientific dissemination.[4]


  1. ^ Arévalo, Juan Aurelio (11 June 2019). "Falleció Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias" [Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias passed away] (in Spanish). El Comercio. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b Priest, Graham; Tanaka, Koji (2009) [1996]. "Paraconsistent Logic". (2009 substantive revision of the 1996 original publication). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved June 17, 2010.
  3. ^ "Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias renuncia a la dirección periodística de El Comercio" [Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias resigns to the journalistic direction of El Comercio] (in Spanish). El Comercio. 27 September 2008. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Congreso del Perú condecora a Miró Quesada" [Congress of Peru awards Miró Quesada] (in Spanish). El Comercio. 10 December 2008. Retrieved 12 June 2019.

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