Francisco S. Carvajal

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Francisco Sebastián Carvajal y Gual
Francisco S Carvajal.jpg
Seal of the Government of Mexico.svg
36th President of Mexico
In office
July 15, 1914 – August 13, 1914
Preceded by Victoriano Huerta
Succeeded by Venustiano Carranza
Personal details
Born (1870-12-09)December 9, 1870
Campeche, Campeche, Mexico
Died September 20, 1932(1932-09-20) (aged 61)
Mexico City
Nationality Mexican

Francisco Sebastián Carvajal y Gual (December 9, 1870 – September 20, 1932) was a Mexican lawyer and politician who served briefly as president in 1914. In his role as foreign minister, he succeeded Victoriano Huerta as president upon the latter's resignation.


Born in 1870 in Campeche, Carvajal studied jurisprudence. He occupied important positions in the administration of President Porfirio Díaz. On May 3, 1911, Díaz named him as his representative at the peace conference with constitutionalist rebel Francisco I. Madero. In 1913, after Victoriano Huerta had seized power from Madero, Huerta named him president of the Supreme Court. Later (10 July 1914), Huerta named him to the cabinet as foreign minister. When Huerta resigned on 15 July, Carvajal was legally next-in-line to the presidency.

During his month-long presidential term, he oversaw the transfer of power to Venustiano Carranza and his Constitutionalist Army under the terms of the Teoloyucan Treaties. Carvajal left office on August 13, 1914 and Carranza was sworn in the following August 20.

Carvajal left for the United States. In New Orleans, he met and married Louise Martin. They had one child, Francisco Carvajal, on October 19, 1918. He returned to Mexico City in 1922 to take up his legal profession again and died there on September 20, 1932.

See also[edit]


  • (in Spanish) "Carvajal, Francisco", Enciclopedia de México, vol. 6. Mexico City, 1996, ISBN 1-56409-016-7.
  • (in Spanish) García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrúa, 1984.
  • (in Spanish) Orozco Linares, Fernando, Gobernantes de México. Mexico City: Panorama Editorial, 1985, ISBN 968-38-0260-5.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Victoriano Huerta
President of Mexico
15 July – 13 August 1914
Succeeded by
Venustiano Carranza