Francisco de Albear
|Francisco de Albear y Fernández de Lara|
Francisco de Albear y Fernández de Lara
|Born||January 11, 1816
|Died||October 22, 1887
|Known for||Water supply of Havana|
Son of colonel Francisco de Albear y Hernández, governor of the Morro Castle of Havana he was sent to study in mainland Spain and graduated in 1839 from the Military Engineering School of Guadalajara, Spain, with the rank of lieutenant. He was assigned to the Corps of Engineers of Cuba in 1845. Eventually he reached the rank of Brigadier General of the Royal Corps of Engineers, being in charge of over 182 projects in Cuba. He also was involved in scientific research, and was member of various scientific institutions among which: the Royal Academy of Sciences of Madrid (Spanish Royal Academy of Sciences ) (corresponding member), the Royal Geographic Society of Spain (Real Sociedad Geográfica de España) (founding member), the Scientific Society of Brussels (Société Scientifique de Bruxelles) the Royal Economic Society of the Friends of the Country of Havana (Sociedad Económica de los Amigos del País de la Habana) and the Royal Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences of Havana (Real Academia de Ciencias Médicas, Físicas y Naturales de La Habana), being vicepresident of the latter.
His main achievement was the project for the catchment of the Vento springs and their conveyance to Havana for the water supply of the city, now known as the Acueducto de Albear. The project was designed in 1855 and the construction started in 1861, being completed only in 1893. The project was distinguished with the Gold Medal of the Éxposition universelle of Paris 1878. The aqueduct is still in operation.
For his merits he was awarded the title of marquess of San Felipe and distinguished with the Great Cross of the Royal and Military Order of San Hermenegildo, Knight of the Royal and military order of San Fernando (Real y militar Orden de San Fernando) and the Order of Military Merit. A park in Havana is named after Francisco de Albear and a statue by José Vilalta Saavedra was erected in the park and inaugurated on March 15, 1895.
- Francisco de Albear y Fernández de Lara (Síntesis biográfica)
- Diana Iglesias Aguilar - Albear, armonizador de la ciencia y la salud
- Francisco de Alvear y Lara - Memoria sobre el proyecto de conducción a La Habana de las aguas de los manantiales de Vento. Formado de orden del Exmo. Sr. Governador Capitán General de la Isla de Cuba, D. José Gutiérrez de la Concha, por la Comisión encargada del estudio para abastecer de agua potable a La Habana. - La Habana: Imprenta del Gobierno y Capitanía General, 1856.
- Gerardo Martí - Albear, un patriota de la construcción