He was born at Verin, Galicia, Spain. In 1601, he entered the Dominican Order at Salamanca. He taught theology (1616–17) in the convent of St. Paul at Burgos, and in the latter year was made assistant to Peter of Herrera, the principal professor of theology at Salamanca. Six years later he succeeded to the chair, and held it until 1648, when he was appointed Bishop of Segovia. In 1656 he resigned his Episcopal see, and retired to the convent of his order at Madrid, where he died.
Variae et selectae decisiones morales ad stat. eccles. et civil. pertinentes (Lyons, 1664; 2d ed., Cologne, 1745).
In the second volume of his commentary on Aquinas' "Prima Secundae" there is a treatise on Predestination and Grace, the doctrine of which is Molinistic. Martinez de Prado has proved that this was not written by Araujo, who, in a later work, shows clearly his adherence to the Thomistic teaching on those questions.
Beuchot, Mauricio Puente. Metafísica. La ontología aristotélico-tomista de Francisco de Araújo. Ciudad de México: Instituto de Investigaciones Filosóficas UNAM 1987.
Fernández-Rodríguez, José Luis. El ente de razón en Francisco Araújo. Pamplona: Ediciones Universidad de Navarra 1972.
Millán-Puelles, Antonio. Teoría del objeto puro, Madrid: Rialp, 1990 (English translation: The Theory of the Pure Object, Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag C. Winter, 1996).
Novotný, Daniel. Twenty Years after Suárez: Francisco de Araújo on the Nature, Existence, & Causes of Entia Rationis in Hircocervi & Other Metaphysical Wonders. Essays in Honor of John P. Doyle, edited by Victor M. Salas, Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 2013, 241-268.
Wells, Norman J. Francisco Araujo, O.P., on Eternal Truths, in Graceful Reason: Essays in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy Presented to Joseph Owens, edited by Lloyd P. Gerson, Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1983, 401-417.