Francisco de Borja y Aragón
Francisco de Borja y Aragón, conde de Rebolledo, prince of Squillace (1581 – September 26, 1658) was a Spanish writer, official in the court of King Philip III of Spain, and, from December 18, 1615 to December 31, 1621, viceroy of Peru.
Borja y Aragón was born in Madrid, son of Juan de Borja y Castro and his second wife Francisca de Aragón Barreto. He was a descendent of King Ferdinand of Aragon and of Rodrigo Borgia (Pope Alexander VI). He was also related to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Saint Francis Borgia. Born and educated in Spain, he became an important official in the Spanish court. He was knight commander of the military Order of Santiago and lord of the bedchamber to the king. He was also known as a man of letters. He was appointed viceroy of Peru in 1614, and assumed office the following year.
In Peru, he reorganized the University of San Marcos. He also founded, in Cuzco, the Colegio del Príncipe for sons of the Indigenous nobility and the Colegio de San Francisco for sons of the conquistadors. He established the Tribunal del Consulado, a special court and administrative body for commercial affairs in the viceroyalty. He also strengthened the navy and the artillery and gave a great impulse to mining in the district of Chucuito, thereby increasing the revenue of the government of the colony.
In 1617 he divided the government of Río de la Plata into two, Buenos Aires and Paraguay, both dependencies of the Viceroyalty of Peru. He was a supporter of the Jesuits, and collaborated with them in the suppression of idolatry and witchcraft. A 1617 decree issued in his capacity as Viceroy, (Don Francisco de Boria Principe de Esqvilache Conde de Mayalde Gentilhombre dela Camara del Rey Nuestro Señor Su Vírrey lugar teníente, Gouernador, y Capitan General) is held by the National Library of Peru.
On the death of his patron, Philip III, Borja y Aragón returned to Spain, embarking on December 31, 1621. There he dedicated himself to poetry, reworking and publishing some of the poems of his youth and writing new works in verse and prose. He died in Madrid in 1658.
The people of Lima knew him as el Virrey poeta (The Poet Viceroy) because of his literary talent.
- Naples recuperada por el Rey Alfonso (Naples Regained by King Alfonso V of Aragon). Epic poem in eight-line stanzas and 12 cantos, 1651.
- Obras en Verso (Works in Verse). Antwerp, 1654.
- Oraciones y Meditaciones de la Vida de Jesucristo (Speeches and Meditations on the Life of Jesus Christ; Brussels, 1661).
Miguel de Cervantes included an appreciation of Borja y Aragón's works in his Viaje del Parnaso. Madrid, 1614.
Francisco de Borja y Aragón married Anna Borgia d’Aragona e Pignatelli, Princess of Squillace. Anna's father was Pietro, a grandson of Francesco (son of Gioffre Borgia). They have the following children:
- María Francisca de Borja y Aragón, married to Fernando de Borja y Aragón
- Juan de Borja y Aragón, Count of Simari, no issue.
- Francisca María de Borja y Aragón (March 26, 1611 – 1657), married Francisco de Castelvi, 2nd Marquis of Laconi, no issue.
- Literary Program, Which Dr. Ivan de Soto Rector of the Royal College of Lima Ordered to Be Published in [Preparation for The] Coming of His Excellency Sir Francisco de Borja. Francisco Del Canto, Lima, Peru, 1615.
- Decree of Francisco de Borja, Prince of Esquilache, Viceroy of Peru, 1617. World Digital Library, February 4, 2015.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1891). . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Francisco de Borja y Aragón.|
- (in Spanish) Naples recuperada por el Rey Alfonso
- (in Spanish) Una aventura del virrey-poeta – Wikisource
- (in Spanish) Los duendes del Cuzco – Wikisource
Juan de Mendoza y Luna
| Viceroy of Peru
Juan Jiménez de Montalvo