Francisco de Melo

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Francisco de Melo
Don Francisco de Melo.jpg
Born? 1597
Estremoz, Portugal
Died18 December 1651
Madrid, Spain
Service/branchSpanish Army
Years of service1638–1645
RankCaptain General
Battles/warsThirty Years' War
Catalan Revolt

Dom Francisco de Melo (1597 – 18 December 1651) was a Portuguese nobleman and general.


Melo was born in Estremoz, Portugal.

He was marquis of the Portuguese Tor de Laguna, count of Assumar, and, from 1641 to 1644, interim governor of the Southern Netherlands.

When Francisco de Melo came to the Southern Netherlands, he already had an impressive political career. From 1632 to 1636 he had been Spanish ambassador to the Republic of Genoa. In 1638 he was appointed viceroy of Sicily, and two years later he was ambassador in Vienna.

Above all, Francisco de Melo is remembered for the defeat at the battle of Rocroi in 1643. His victory at the Battle of Honnecourt one year earlier has been almost completely forgotten.

Preceded by
Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand
Governor-General of the Spanish Netherlands
Succeeded by
Marquis of Castel Rodrigo
Preceded by
Luis Guillermo de Moncada, 7th Duke of Montalto
Viceroy of Sicily
Succeeded by
Juan Alfonso Enríquez de Cabrera