Francisco do Monte Alverne

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Francisco do Monte Alverne
Francisco de Monte Alverne.jpg
A gravure depicting Monte Alverne
Born Francisco José de Carvalho
(1784-08-09)August 9, 1784
Rio de Janeiro City, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died December 2, 1858(1858-12-02) (aged 74)
Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Occupation Preacher, priest, theologist
Nationality Brazilian

Francisco do Monte Alverne (August 9, 1784 – December 2, 1858) was a Brazilian Franciscan friar, and the official preacher of the Empire of Brazil.

He is the correspondent patron of the 14th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.


Monte Alverne was born Francisco José de Carvalho in 1784, to João Antônio da Silva and Ana Francisca da Conceição. In 1802, he entered a Franciscan monastery, where he studied alongside 11 Brazilians and 11 Portuguese people. In 1808, he became a presbyter, and was given the surname Monte Alverne, in a reference to the mount La Verna, where Saint Francis of Assisi received the stigmatas.

Later he became an itinerant preacher and Philosophy teacher. Moving to Rio de Janeiro in 1816, he was proclaimed the royal preacher. He performed the funeral oration of Empress Consort Maria Leopoldina in 1826.

From 1836, Monte Alverne started to show signs of blindness. He moved to a friend's house in Niterói, where he died in 1858.

The Brazilian poet Gonçalves de Magalhães, famous for introducing Romanticism in the Brazilian literature, considers Monte Alverne a forerunner of this movement.


External links[edit]

  • [1] (Portuguese)
Preceded by
New creation
Brazilian Academy of LettersCorrespondent patron of the 14th chair
Succeeded by
Herbert Spencer (founder)