Francisco do Monte Alverne
|Francisco do Monte Alverne|
A gravure depicting Monte Alverne
|Born||Francisco José de Carvalho
August 9, 1784
Rio de Janeiro City, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Died||December 2, 1858
Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Occupation||Preacher, priest, theologist|
He is the correspondent patron of the 14th chair of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
Monte Alverne was born Francisco José de Carvalho in 1784, to João Antônio da Silva and Ana Francisca da Conceição. In 1802, he entered a Franciscan monastery, where he studied alongside 11 Brazilians and 11 Portuguese people. In 1808, he became a presbyter, and was given the surname Monte Alverne, in a reference to the mount La Verna, where Saint Francis of Assisi received the stigmatas.
Later he became an itinerant preacher and Philosophy teacher. Moving to Rio de Janeiro in 1816, he was proclaimed the royal preacher. He performed the funeral oration of Empress Consort Maria Leopoldina in 1826.
From 1836, Monte Alverne started to show signs of blindness. He moved to a friend's house in Niterói, where he died in 1858.
- Obras Oratórias (1833 – in 4 volumes)
- Compêndio de Filosofia (1859 – posthumous), in which he defends the Eclecticism and the ideals of John Locke and Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, and fights against the Thomism and the Scholasticism.
-  (Portuguese)
Brazilian Academy of Letters – Correspondent patron of the 14th chair
Herbert Spencer (founder)