|Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus of Kraków|
Archbishop Emeritus, Francis Cardinal Macharski
|Appointed||29 December 1978|
|Installed||28 January 1979|
|Term ended||3 June 2005|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of San Giovanni a Porta Latina|
|Ordination||2 April 1950
by Adam Stefan Sapieha
|Consecration||6 January 1979
by Pope John Paul II
|Created Cardinal||30 June 1979|
|Birth name||Franciszek Macharski|
20 May 1927 |
|Motto||Jesu in te confido|
|Coat of arms|
Franciszek Macharski (born 20 May 1927 in Kraków) is a Polish Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He was the Archbishop of Kraków from 1978, succeeding Karol Wojtyła to the chair of St. Stanisław, until his resignation in 2005. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1979.
Franciszek was born the youngest of four children in 1927. During World War II he worked as a menial laborer and afterward entered the seminary in Kraków, where he also studied theology. He was ordained as a priest in April 1950 by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha. Until 1956 he was a vicar in a parish near Bielsko-Biała and was then transferred to Fribourg, Switzerland to continue his theological studies. He received his doctorate in 1960.
Father Macharski was appointed Archbishop of Kraków in December 1978 by Pope John Paul II, who had been Archbishop of that city himself until his election to the Papacy in October 1978. Macharski was consecrated as a Bishop by John Paul II himself at the Vatican on 6 January 1979 and took possession of the Archdiocese of Kraków on 28 January 1979, when he was installed at Wawel Cathedral.
Archbishop Macharski was created Cardinal-Priest of San Giovanni a Porta Latina as his titular church in June 1979, the first consistory on the new pope. This was a mere six months after his episcopal consecration.
He was a member of the cardinal electors of the 2005 papal conclave that elected Joseph Alois Ratzinger as Pope Benedict XVI. He turned 80 in May 2007 and as a result passed the maximum age for voting in the conclave.
Cardinal Macharski retired as Archbishop of Kraków on 3 June 2005. Upon his resignation being accepted, he became Archbishop emeritus of Kraków, and was succeeded in that See by Pope John Paul II's private Secretary, now Cardinal Stanislaw Dziwisz.
- Gazeta Wyborcza, 
- Catholic Agency News
- Historia Diecezji: Biskupi krakowscy (Kraków bishops). Kuria Archidiecezji Krakowskiej, 2009. Pages 1–3. Retrieved December 23, 2012. (Polish)
Media related to Franciszek Macharski at Wikimedia Commons
|Catholic Church titles|
(Pope John Paul II)
|Archbishop of Kraków
29 December 1978 – 3 June 2005
|Cardinal-Priest of San Giovanni a Porta Latina
30 June 1979 – present