Franco Battiato

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Franco Battiato
Background information
Birth nameFrancesco Battiato
Also known asSüphan Barzani
Born(1945-03-23)23 March 1945
Ionia, Sicily, Italy
Died18 May 2021(2021-05-18) (aged 76)
Milo, Sicily, Italy
  • Musician
  • singer
  • composer
  • filmmaker
  • painter
Years active1965–2019
WebsiteOfficial website

Francesco "Franco" Battiato (Italian: [ˈfraŋko batˈtjaːto, battiˈaːto]; 23 March 1945 – 18 May 2021)[2][3] was an Italian musician, singer, composer, filmmaker and, under the pseudonym Süphan Barzani, also a painter.[4] Battiato's songs contain esoteric, philosophical and religious themes, and have spanned genres such as experimental pop, electronic music, progressive rock, opera, symphonic music, movie soundtrack, oratorio and new wave.

He was for decades one of the most popular singer-songwriters in Italy. His unique sound, song-crafting and especially his lyrics, often containing philosophical, religious, and culturally exotic references, as well as tackling or painting universal themes about the human condition earned him a unique spot on Italy's music scene, and the nickname of "Il Maestro"[5] His work includes songwriting and joint production efforts with several Italian and international musicians and pop singers, including the long-lasting professional relationship with Italian singers Alice and Giuni Russo. Together with Alice, Battiato represented Italy at the 1984 Eurovision Song Contest with the song "I treni di Tozeur".[6]


Early years and experimental period[edit]

Battiato was born in Ionia, the former name of the town of Giarre-Riposto, in Sicily, southern Italy[7] After graduating from high school at the Liceo Scientifico "Archimede" in Acireale, and following the death of his father (truck driver and longshoreman in New York),[8] in 1964 he moved first to Rome, and then to Milan at age 19, and soon after won his first musical contract.

His single "La Torre"[9] was released and Battiato appeared on TV to perform the song. He scored some success with the romantic song "È l'amore". After some works as a guitarist and sound engineer for popular singers, he traveled to America for a small tour where he had considerable success. After that, Battiato met the experimental musician Juri Camisasca in 1970 and collaborated with Osage Tribe, an Italian psychedelic-progressive rock band. As a solo artist, he released the science-fiction single La convenzione (The convention), one of the finest Italian progressive rock songs of the 1970s.

Starting from 1971, Battiato devoted much of his efforts to experimental electronic music, producing a series of LPs that remained almost unknown at the time, but are now eagerly sought by collectors worldwide. Starting out with electronic progressive rock with some emphasis on vocals, his music became increasingly experimental, gradually moving into the realms of musique concrète and minimalism. Fetus, his first album, was produced in January 1972,[8] followed by Pollution (1973), Sulle Corde di Aries (1973), Clic (1974) and M.elle le "Gladiator" (1975).

In 1975, he moved to the Dischi Ricordi label, producing Battiato (1977), Juke Box (1978) and the experimental it:L'Egitto prima delle sabbie ("Egypt Before the Sands", 1978), which won the Stockhausen award for contemporary music. Battiato's early research about sound represented an important innovation as the basis of the THX and Stereophonic Sound.

National success[edit]

Battiato in 2005

After the Ricordi label failed to re-sign him, Battiato signed with EMI. He abandoned the progressive rock experiments of the previous years and moved to a more pop-oriented style which afforded him ever increasing popularity with both Italian and worldwide audiences. In this period his albums were usually in collaboration with the renowned musician and violinist Giusto Pio, whose two later albums were produced by Battiato.[10] [citation needed]

L'era del cinghiale bianco ("The Era of the White Boar", 1979) was followed in 1980 by Patriots, which reached the No 30 on the charts. It contains a few songs which have become Battiato's classics, such as "Le aquile" ("The Eagles") and "Prospettiva Nevskij" ("Nevsky Prospect"). This new era of his music marked the beginning of his collaboration with the singer Alice and the violinist Giusto Pio. His next album was La voce del padrone ("The Master's Voice"), with which he had even more success than with Patriots. The album contains numerous songs which became classics of Italian popular music and stayed at the number one position for six months, becoming the first Italian album with more than one million copies sold in a single month.[11][12] His commercial success was confirmed by L'arca di Noè (Noah's Ark) in 1982. Songs such as "L'era del cinghiale bianco" (1979), "Prospettiva Nevskij" (1980), "Centro di gravità permanente" ("Permanent Gravity Centrepoint", 1981), "Bandiera bianca" ("White Flag", 1981), and "Voglio vederti danzare" ("I Want To See You Dance", 1982) established his reputatin in his own country. Orizzonti perduti (Lost Horizons, 1983) was followed by the successful Mondi Lontanissimi (Faraway Worlds, 1985), which featured a solo version of the popular "I treni di Tozeur" ("The Tozeur Trains)", originally a duet with Alice performed at the 1984 Eurovision Song Contest.[6]

1988's Fisiognomica (Physiognomy) sold more than 300,000 copies and it confirmed Battiato's success. The album, considered by Battiato himself his best work for the balance between music and lyrics, contained the hit "Nomadi" ("Nomads"), originally recorded by Alice and written by his old friend Juri Camisasca, who in the meantime had retired to a Benedictine monastery. The album also included the songs "E ti vengo a cercare", which was performed by director/actor Nanni Moretti in his 1989 movie Palombella Rossa, and "Veni l'autunnu" with lyrics entirely in the Sicilian and Arabic languages. [citation needed]

In 2013 he signed a publishing deal with Roberto Mancinelli and Sony/ATV Music Publishing.[13]

Collaboration with Manlio Sgalambro[edit]

In 1994 Battiato began to collaborate with the Sicilian philosopher Manlio Sgalambro, who was to write almost all the lyrics of his following albums. After the tentative L'ombrello e la macchina da cucire of 1995, in 1996 the duo published what is considered their best work so far, L'imboscata, containing the romantic hit "La cura" ("The care"), elected best Italian song of the year.[14] Gommalacca (1998, with a stress on hard rock), Ferro battuto (2000) and Dieci stratagemmi (2004) continued on the same path, with variations mainly set by Battiato's unceasing desire for musical experimentation. [citation needed]

Later acts[edit]

In 2003 Battiato released his first feature film, Perduto amor (Lost love), for which he also composed the soundtrack. The movie won the Silver Ribbon for the best debutant director and was screened, out of competition as a Battiato request, with excellent critics in prestigious film festivals like Berlin, Cannes, Venezia, New York among others. His following movie was, Musikanten, an experimental work about Beethoven's last four years of life. The German musician was played by the Chilean director Alejandro Jodorowsky. In November 2012, Battiato accepted an offer from newly elected Sicilian regional president Rosario Crocetta to become the regional Minister for Tourism and Culture, announcing he would not receive any salary for his position, but subsequently had to resign after a controversial statement in which he defined Sicily's corrupt political elite as "prostitutes".[15]

Final years[edit]

In the 2010s he issued Fleurs 1, Fleurs 3, and Fleurs 2, one after the other, in that specific order. They included covers of songs originally recorded by very famous Italian singers and singers-songwriters, as well as covers of French and English songs, plus three new songs. He went on releasing his music, always on a thin border between pop, rock and electronics, until 2010. He toured with Alice for the whole of 2016, but in 2017 he held his last concert in Catania. He would have continued his work, but he had to give up for health reasons. At the end of 2019, his manager announced his definitive retirement from the scene.[16][17]

Battiato was vegetarian[18] and was a follower of the ideas of ecumenism and polytheism[citation needed]

Battiato died on 18 May 2021, at his home in Milo, Catania, surrounded by rumours about a neurodegenerative disease, osteoporosis or cancer. The real cause of death remains as a secret in order to respect Battiato's last request and family petition.[19] The following year it was revealed that the artist had been suffering of multiple myeloma for years, diagnosed in 2017.[20]


Franco Battiato in concert in Teatro Circo Price, Madrid 2013
Year Title Sales Certifications
1970 Fetus
1973 Pollution
1973 Sulle corde di Aries
1974 Clic
1975 M.elle le Gladiator
1976 Feed Back (collection)
1977 Battiato
1977 Juke Box
1978 L'Egitto prima delle sabbie
1979 L'era del cinghiale bianco
1980 Patriots
1981 La voce del padrone
1982 L'arca di Noè
1983 Orizzonti perduti
1985 Mondi lontanissimi
1985 Echoes of Sufi Dances (in English)
1985 Ecos de danzas sufi (in Spanish)
  • PROMUSICAE: Gold[29]
1986 Battiato (collection)
1987 Nomadas
  • PROMUSICAE: Platinum[29]
1988 Fisiognomica
  • PROMUSICAE: Gold[29]
1989 Giubbe rosse (live)
1990 Una vita scellerata (soundtrack)
1991 Come un cammello in una grondaia
1993 Caffè de la Paix
1994 Unprotected
1996 Battiato Studio Collection
1996 L'ombrello e la macchina da cucire
1996 L'imboscata
1998 Gommalacca
1999 Fleurs
2000 La cura
2000 Campi magnetici (soundtrack)
2001 Ferro battuto
2002 Fleurs 3
2003 Last Summer Dance (live)
2004 Platinum Collection
2004 Dieci stratagemmi
2005 Un soffio al cuore di natura elettrica (live)
2008 Fleurs 2
2009 Inneres Auge
2012 Apriti sesamo
2013 Del suo veloce volo – with Antony and the Johnsons (live)
2014 Joe Patti's Experimental Group
2015 Le nostre anime (compilation)
2016 Live in Roma – with Alice (live)
2019 Torneremo ancora


  • 1965: "L'amore è partito" (Love's gone) – as Francesco Battiato
  • 1965: "E più ti amo" (The more I love you...) – as Francesco Battiato
  • 1967: "La torre / Le reazioni" (The tower / The reaction)
  • 1967: "Triste come me / Il mondo va così" (Sad like me / The world goes like this)
  • 1968: "È l'amore / Fumo di una sigaretta" (It's love / Smoke of a cigarette)
  • 1969: "Bella ragazza / Occhi d'or" (Beautiful girl / Golden eyes)
  • 1969: "Sembrava una serata come tante / Gente" (It seemed it was an ordinary evening / People)
  • 1971: "Vento caldo / Marciapiede" (Warm wind / Pavement) – recorded 1968
  • 1972: "Energia / Una cellula" (Energy / A cell)
  • 1972: "La convenzione / Paranoia" (The convention / ...)
  • 1973: "Love / Soldier" – as Springfield
  • 1978: "Adieu / San Marco" – as Astra
  • 1979: "L'era del cinghiale bianco / Luna indiana" (The era of the white boar / Indian moon)
  • 1981: "Bandiera bianca / Summer on a Solitary Beach" (White flag / ...)
  • 1984: "I treni di Tozeur / Le biciclette di Forlì" (The trains of Tozeur / The bicycles of Forlì) – with Alice
  • 1985: "No Time No Space / Il re del mondo" (... / The king of the world)
  • 1985: "Via Lattea / L'animale" (Milky Way / The animal)
  • 1996: "Strani giorni" (Strange days)
  • 1996: "Strani giorni" (Remix)
  • 1997: "La cura" (The cure)
  • 1997: "Di passaggio" (Passing by)
  • 1998: "Shock in My Town"
  • 1998: "Il ballo del potere" (The Dance of Power)
  • 2001: "Running Against the Grain"
  • 2007: "Il vuoto" (The emptiness)
  • 2007: "Il vuoto" (Stylophonic Remix)
  • 2008: "Tutto l'universo obbedisce all'amore" (The entire universe obeys love)
  • 2009: "Inneres Auge"
  • 2012: "Passacaglia"
  • 2013: "Del suo veloce volo" (Of its rapid flight) – with Antony and the Johnsons


  • Genesi (1987)
  • Gilgamesh (1992)
  • Messa arcaica (1994)
  • Il cavaliere dell'intelletto (1994) – unreleased
  • Telesio (2011)


  • Lost Love (2003)
  • Musikanten (2005)
  • Nothing is as it seems (2007)
  • La sua figura (2007)
  • Auguri Don Gesualdo (2010)
  • Attraversando il Bardo (2014)


  • Tecnica mista su tappeto, Conversazioni autobiografiche (1992)
  • Evoluzione evoluzione evoluzione (1998)
  • Parole e canzoni (2004)
  • In fondo sono contento di aver fatto la mia conoscenza (2007)
  • Musica e spiritualità (2008)
  • Io chi sono? Dialoghi sulla musica e sullo spirito (2009)
  • Temporary Road. (una) Vita di Franco Battiato. Dialogo con Giuseppe Pollicelli (2018)


  1. ^ Ned Raggett. Franco Battiato at AllMusic. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  2. ^ "Franco Battiato dies aged 76, Mattarella leads tributes". ANSA. Rome. 18 May 2021. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  3. ^ Battiato, Franco; Pulcini, Franco (1992). Tecnica mista su tappeto (in Italian). EDT.
  4. ^ "Battiato: Dipingo come uno stonato". La Stampa. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  5. ^ 'Franco Battiato has died,'ANSA 18 May 2021
  6. ^ a b "- YouTube". Archived from the original on 12 September 2011 – via YouTube.
  7. ^ "Franco Battiato Biography, Songs, & Albums". AllMusic.
  8. ^ a b Andrea Federica de Cesco, 'Franco Battiato, cantore dell’ecologismo: il Maestro aveva previsto la crisi climatica,' Corriere della Sera 18 May 2021
  9. ^ Franco Battiato- La Torre, retrieved 23 August 2023
  10. ^ La Posta, Annino. Franco Battiato. Giunti.
  11. ^ Alcini, Fabio (2019). Italia d'autore. 1965-1985: il periodo d'oro dei cantautori dal vinile al Cd (in Italian). Lit Edizioni. ISBN 9788862316545. OCLC 1105723521.
  12. ^ Russo, Flavio (23 March 2020). "I 75 anni di Franco Battiato. Il cantautore che inventò l'elettronica italiana". LUMSA University. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  13. ^ s.r.l., "√ Franco Battiato firma un contratto di amministrazione editoriale con Sony/Atv".
  14. ^ La Posta, Annino (2010). Franco Battiato. Soprattutto il silenzio (in Italian). Giunti. p. 223. ISBN 9788809742536. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
  15. ^ Pagani, Malcom (20 June 2013). "Battiato: "Dissi 'troie in Parlamento' e mi cacciarono, ma il tempo è galantuomo"". il Fatto Quotidiano (in Italian). Retrieved 12 July 2022.
  16. ^ "Franco Battiato si ritira definitivamente, ma il manager conferma l'esistenza di un altro inedito". Music Fanpage. 16 October 2019.
  17. ^ "Franco Battiato, l'ultima canzone della sua carriera: "Non sta abbastanza bene", voci drammatiche".
  18. ^ "Battiato, una scelta di vita" [Battiato: 'A lifestyle choice helps the body and mind'] (in Italian). 25 June 2008. Retrieved 8 March 2024.]
  19. ^ Online, Redazione (18 May 2021). "È morto Franco Battiato". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 18 May 2021.
  20. ^ Massimo Iondini (15 May 2022). "Il ricordo. Battiato a un anno dalla morte: un oceano di gratitudine che non finisce". Avvenire. Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  21. ^ "Franco Battiato Dall' A Alla Zeta". la Repubblica. 5 August 1989. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  22. ^ Guaitamacchi, Ezio (2009). Up Patriots To Arms. RIzzoli. ISBN 9788817033923. Retrieved 2 June 2022.
  23. ^ Quinto de Angelis (23 March 2021). "Franco Battiato: Come battere il pop e farlo tuo amico". Voicebookradio. Retrieved 2 June 2022.
  24. ^ "Battiato tra le voci dell'infanzia". la Stampa. 13 December 1983. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  25. ^ Venegoni, Marinella (15 December 1982). "Ai re del disco, oro, argento e platino". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 17. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Italian certifications" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 11 May 2022. Select "Tutti gli anni" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "Tutte le sezioni" under "Sezione".
  27. ^ "Franco Battiato: i 5 album più importanti della sua carriera". Sky TG24. 8 November 2018. Retrieved 2 June 2022.
  28. ^ Castelli, Vittorio (4 December 1982). "Nine-Month Sales Jump Posted By Emi Italiana". Billboard. p. 52. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  29. ^ a b c Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  30. ^ "E ora Wojtyla va al concerto pop". la Stampa. 18 March 1989. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  31. ^ "Dischi di Natale vince Adams". La Stampa. 3 January 1994. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  32. ^ Pozzi, Gloria (7 March 1997). "Rap in latino di Battiato col filosofo Sgalambro". Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  33. ^ "Battiato: nelle nuove copie di 'Gommalacca' la voce della Callas". Rockol. 1 June 1999. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  34. ^ "Il perduto amore di Battiato". la Stampa. 30 August 2002. Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  35. ^ "Music in Italy" (PDF). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 January 2016. Retrieved 6 February 2020.

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest
Succeeded by