|Nickname||The Sardinian Strongman|
|Born||August 7, 1941|
Ollolai, Nuoro, Sardinia, Italy
|Died||August 30, 2019 (aged 78)|
San Teodoro, Province of Sassari, Sardinia, Italy
|Height||5 ft 5 in (165 cm)|
|Weight||Contest: 185 lb (84 kg)|
|Predecessor||Arnold Schwarzenegger (1975, 1980)|
|Successor||Frank Zane (1977) |
Chris Dickerson (1982)
|Active||Retired after 1981 Mr. Olympia|
Originally a boxer, Columbu won the Mr. Olympia in 1976 and 1981, and competed in the inaugural edition of the World's Strongest Man in 1977, where he placed fifth. He also had an acting career and authored numerous books on bodybuilding and nutrition. Columbu was inducted into the IFBB Hall of Fame in 2001, and received the Arnold Classic Lifetime Achievement Award in 2009.
Columbu was born on August 7, 1941, in Ollolai on the island of Sardinia, Italy. He was a son of shepherds Maria Grazia Sedda and Antonio Columbu. He said in 1982: "I was always skinny. Until I was 11, I got beat up a lot. Then one day, I started beating people up. Nobody could touch me." He worked as a shepherd while training as a boxer. He won over 30 fights as a boxer before quitting the sport in favor of weightlifting and bodybuilding, stating: "Boxing's too rough on your face and head."
Columbu moved to Germany at a young age for work, and met Arnold Schwarzenegger in 1965 at a bodybuilding competition in Stuttgart, Germany. Columbu formed a lifelong friendship with Schwarzenegger, and was Schwarzenegger's best man for his marriage to Maria Shriver in 1986 and godfather to their daughter Christina.
With Schwarzenegger, Columbu moved to California in the late 1960s to train and work with Joe Weider. Weider provided them with a place to live and an $80 (equivalent to $560 in 2019) per week stipend. The stipend was not enough to live on, so to support their bodybuilding careers, they began a bricklaying company named European Brick Works in 1969.
At 5 ft 5 in (1.65 m) and a competition weight of around 185 pounds (84 kg), Columbu won the IFBB Mr. Europe and Mr. Universe titles in 1970, and the 1971 IFBB Mr. World. He won the lightweight class of the 1974 and 1975 IFBB Mr. Olympias, before winning the overall competition for the first time in 1976.
Columbu participated in the inaugural edition of the World's Strongest Man in 1977. He placed fifth, behind four men who outweighed him by around 100 pounds (45 kg). During the event, he dislocated his left knee while carrying a refrigerator on his back. The injury kept him out of competition for a few years, and he received a reported $1 million (equivalent to $4.2 million in 2019) in compensation. Columbu returned to win the 1981 Mr. Olympia then retired from competition.
Known for his strength, Columbu's clean and jerk record was 400 pounds (181 kg), his bench press record was 525 pounds (238 kg), his squat record was 655 pounds (297 kg), and his deadlift record was 750 pounds (340 kg). He was named in The Guinness Book of Records in 1978 for bursting a hot water bottle by blowing into it, which he achieved in 55 seconds.
Acting, writing, directing, and producing careers
Columbu appeared as himself in the 1977 bodybuilding documentary Pumping Iron. He was the body building coach for Sylvester Stallone in the film Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985), and had roles in films that starred Schwarzenegger, including Conan the Barbarian (1982), The Terminator (1984), and The Running Man (1987). Columbu's later films, also as a writer and producer, included the cult film "Beretta's Island", (1993), "Doublecross on Costa's Island", which he also directed and the highly successful "Ancient Warriors" (2003). These 3 films were almost entirely shot in his homeland island of Sardinia. He was also featured, as an actor, in the low budget production of Dreamland - La terra dei sogni.
Personal life and death
Columbu lived in Los Angeles since the 1970s. He was a licensed chiropractor, earning his degree from Cleveland Chiropractic College in 1977. Columbu returned to his hometown of Ollolai in Sardinia every year towards the end of August to attend the local festivities.
On August 30, 2019, after experiencing a heart attack while swimming off the coast of San Teodoro, Sardinia, Columbu drowned and later died during transportation by helicopter to the hospital in Olbia, twenty-three days after his 78th birthday. He was survived by his wife, Deborah, their daughter, Maria, and three sisters: Anna, Gonaria and Celestina. A funeral was held in his birthplace of Ollolai on September 3. A memorial was held in Los Angeles on October 6, 2019.
|1976||Stay Hungry||Franco Orsini||Uncredited|
|1980||The Hustler of Muscle Beach||Himself|
|1982||Conan the Barbarian||Pictish Scout|
|1984||The Terminator||Future Terminator|
|1986||Don Rickles: Rickles on the Loose||Himself|
|1987||The Running Man||911 Security Officer #2|
|1987||Last Man Standing||Batty|
|1988||Big Top Pee-wee||Otto the Strongman|
|1992||Il ritmo del silenzio||Nerescu||Also executive producer|
|1993||Beretta's Island||Franco Armando Beretta||Also producer and writer|
|1994||Taken Alive||Enrico Costa||Also producer and writer|
|1997||Doublecross on Costa's Island||Enrico Costa||Also director, producer, and writer|
|1998||Hollywood Salutes Arnold Schwarzenegger: A Cinematheque Tribute||Himself|
|2002||Raw Iron: The Making of Pumping Iron||Himself|
|2003||Ancient Warriors||Aldo Paccione||Also producer|
|2008||Why We Train||Himself|
|2010||Muscle Beach then and Now||Himself|
|2011||Dreamland La Terra dei Sogni||Frank Graziani|
|2015||One More Round||Franco Turelli|
- 1970 IFBB Mr. World (Short)
- 1970 IFBB Mr. Universe (Short & Overall)
- 1971 IFBB Mr. World (Short & Overall)
- 1974 Mr. Olympia (Lightweight)
- 1975 Mr. Olympia (Lightweight)
- 1976 Mr. Olympia (Lightweight & Overall)
- 1981 Mr. Olympia 
World's Strongest Man
- O'Reilly, Anthony (August 30, 2019). "Two-time Mr. Olympia Franco Columbu Dead at 78". Muscle & Fitness.
- "Franco Columbu". bodybuildingpro.com.
- "Addio a Franco Columbu, il Terminator italiano: muore per un malore a San Teodoro". Gallura Oggi. August 30, 2019.
- "Deadlifting For Massive Strength?". deadliftworkouts.com. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
- Farrell, Paul (August 30, 2019). "Franco Columbu Dead: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy.
- Slotnik, Daniel E. (September 2, 2019). "Franco Columbu, Bodybuilder and Schwarzenegger Friend, Dies at 78". The New York Times.
- Schwarzenegger, Arnold (October 31, 2016). "The 51 Year Bromance: Arnold and Franco". YouTube. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
- "Arnold Schwarzenegger's competitive bodybuilding history 1963-1966". GMV Productions. Retrieved April 21, 2020.
- "Ahhnold!?". Time Magazine. August 18, 2003. Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
One crowd that Arnold has stayed with for a while are old bodybuilding friends, a faithful circle that includes Franco Columbu, the Sancho Panza of Schwarzenegger's early days, who says Arnold is running for Governor to give something back to the country that has been so good to him. "He wants to do a big, beneficial thing, more than a movie—like straightening out this problem in California."
- "Maria Owings Shriver Wed To Arnold Schwarzenegger". The New York Times. April 27, 1986. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
Maria Owings Shriver, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. Sargent Shriver of Washington, and Arnold Schwarzenegger, a son of Aurelia Schwarzenegger of Graz, Austria, and the late Gustav Schwarzenegger, were married yesterday in Hyannis, Mass. ... Dr. Franco Columbu served as best man.
- "Franco Columbu dead: Bodybuilder, Arnold Schwarzenegger best friend was 78". Fox News. September 1, 2019.
- McGowan, Michael (September 1, 2019). "Arnold Schwarzenegger pays emotional tribute as 'best friend' Franco Columbu dies". The Guardian.
- LeDuff, Charlie (September 8, 2003). "Ethnic Issues in Recall Play Out at Latino Parade". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2014.
Mr. Schwarzenegger and a friend from Europe, Franco Columbu, were brought to California by Joe Weider, the bodybuilding guru, who sponsored them, giving them a place to live and an $85 a week stipend. The stipend was not enough to live on, said Mr. Columbu, who arrived in Santa Monica in June 1969. Mr. Columbu said last week in an interview that to make ends meet, he and Mr. Schwarzenegger began a bricklaying and patio business called European Brick Works in 1969.
- "Franco Columbu". International Federation of BodyBuilding.
- Merritt, Greg. "Even Stronger Than They Look: Franco Columbu". Muscle & Fitness.
- McCormack, Mark H. (1987). The terrible truth about lawyers: how lawyers really work and how to deal with them successfully. Beech Tree Books. p. 190. ISBN 978-0-688-06621-5.
- Marbella, Jean (October 28, 1985). "DR. RAMBO SYLVESTER STALLONE'S BODY-BEAUTIFUL STATUS FOR HIS JOHN RAMBO CHARACTER PORTRAYAL HAD A LITTLE HELP FROM THE REAL MAN BEHIND THE MUSCLE, BODYBUILDER/CHIROPRACTOR FRANCO COLUMBU". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
- Horswill, Ian (September 3, 2019). "Arnold Schwarzenegger tribute to best friend bodybuilder Franco Columbu". The CEO Magazine. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- Martedì a Ollolai i funerali di Franco Columbu L'Ortobene
- "Il culturista ed attore Franco Columbu annegato". La Nuova (in Italian).
- Hall, Derek (August 30, 2019). "Legendary Bodybuilder Franco Columbu Dies, Age 78". Fitness Volt. Retrieved August 30, 2019.
- "Italian Actor, Bodybuilder Franco Columbu, Dies At 78". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "'Devastated' Arnold Schwarzenegger pays tribute to bodybuilder friend Franco Columbu". Sky News. Retrieved August 31, 2019.
- Staff writer (2010). "The Hustler of Muscle Beach (1980)". The New York Times: Movies. Archived from the original on July 10, 2015. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
...The hero's get-rich-quick scheme gets him into hot water when he selects a most unusual candidate for his protégé. Several real-life male bodybuilders appear onscreen, including Franco Columbu and Frank Zane, but the film's ad campaign focused on the bikini-clad female contestants.
- Staff writer (2010). "Beretta's Island (1993)". The New York Times: Movies. Archived from the original on October 7, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
Beretta (Franco Columbu) is an ex-Interpol agent. Imagining himself retired, Beretta returns to active duty when his friend is killed. His quest for justice takes him all the way to Sardinia. Going undercover, Beretta gets enmeshed in a vicious drug-smuggling operation. Watch for Arnold Schwarzenegger in a cameo.
- Mary Stevens (February 5, 1988). "Throw Away The Excuses, Turn On The Vcr And Shape Up". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 11, 2010.
...is a comprehensive men's workout designed by two-time Mr. Olympia Franco Columbu. The workout can be used with or without weights and should help to flatten the stomach, narrow the waist and eliminate unflattering love handles.
- Pratt, Rob (June 2, 2015). "The Worlds Strongest Man Classics 1977 - Franco Columbu's tragic fridge race". World's Strongest Man. Retrieved September 1, 2019.
- Columbu, Franco; Fels, George (1977). Winning Bodybuilding. Contemporary Books. ISBN 978-0809281091.
- Columbu, Franco; Fels, George (1978). Coming On Strong. Contemporary Books. ISBN 978-0809275656.
- Columbu, Franco; Columbu, Anita; Knudson, R. Rozanne (1978). Starbodies: The Women's Weight Training Book. Dutton. ISBN 978-0525475279.
- Columbu, Franco; Tyler, Richard (1979). Winning Weight Lifting and Powerlifting. Contemporary Books. ISBN 978-0809274284.
- Columbu, Franco; Tyler, Richard (1979). Weight Training and Bodybuilding: A Complete Guide for Young Athletes. Wanderer Books. ISBN 978-0671330064.
- Columbu, Franco (1982). Franco Columbu's Complete Book of Bodybuilding. Contemporary Books. ISBN 978-0809259830.
- Columbu, Franco; Fragomeni, Lydia (1983). The Businessman's Minutes-a-Day Guide To Shaping Up. Contemporary Books. ISBN 978-0809255795.
- Columbu, Franco; Fragomeni, Lydia (1985). The Bodybuilder's Nutrition Book. Contemporary Books. ISBN 978-0809254576.
| Overall Champion