Franco Dragone

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Franco Dragone
Born1952 (age 66–67)
OccupationFounder, artistic director, theatre director
Websitewww.dragone.com

Franco Dragone (born 1952) is a Belgian theatre director. He is the founder and artistic director of Dragone, a creative company specializing in the creation of large-scale theatre shows. He is also known for his work with Cirque du Soleil and Celine Dion.[1]

CNN says that Dragone was "one of the key architects of Cirque du Soleil's theatrical style", and that "while Cirque du Soleil's signature was contemporary circus, Dragone's solo work embodies more theater, dance -- and, of course, water" through the use of his "trademark" aquatic stages.[2]

Early life[edit]

Dragone was born in 1952 in Cairano, a small town in southern Italy.[2] At the age of seven,[1][3] he moved to the mining region of La Louvière in Belgium[2] with his family so his parents could work in Belgium's coal mines.[4] He remembers that being an "artist" was not treated seriously by the mining community in La Louvière. His father, however, was broad-minded and enrolled Dragone in a liberal lycée. As a student, Dragone was taught a wide range of topics and was allowed to choose his field of interest. Dragone chose the arts.[2]

In the 1970s he studied theatre at the Belgian Royal Conservatory of Mons.[1][3] Starting his career as an actor in subsidized Belgian art theater, he switched to activist theater, or "theater without actors" according to Dragone.[5] His earliest theatrical work was explicitly political, working as a director of theatre and film in the mode of the commedia dell'arte dramatist Dario Fo. The theatre works he helped create expressed social situations, interpreting true stories of the homeless, drug addicts, and prison inmates, and casting non-actors who shared their stories to perform in the shows.[1][3] In this context Dragone began to teach staging, or visual expression, and came to believe that it was "possible to do high quality shows for mainstream people".[5]

Cirque du Soleil[edit]

In the 1980s, Dragone came to Montreal, Quebec, Canada,[1][3] in pursuit of "a beautiful girl".[5] In Montreal, Guy Caron, director of the National Circus School, invited him to conduct workshops with the students and teachers at his school.[1][3] Dragone then created, directed and produced a show for the end of the school year. Guy Laliberté saw one of these performances in 1984, the same year he formed Cirque du Soleil. In 1985, Laliberté sought out Guy Caron to join Cirque du Soleil. Caron, in turn, asked Dragone to join as a creator.[1][3]

From the years 1985 to 1998, Dragone would direct nearly all of Cirque du Soleil's most prestigious shows[2] and played a significant role in developing Cirque du Soleil's distinctive merging of theater and circus performance. In the early 1990s, Dragone's reputation grew with the production of Nouvelle Expérience and Saltimbanco, nontraditional circus productions in which postmodern dance, music, and circus acrobatics were interlaced with a dreamlike narrative.[1]

His visibility greatly increased after he directed and introduced the cutting-edge Cirque du Soleil production Mystère at the Treasure Island hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada. Mystère helped to change the nature of production shows in Las Vegas. While Dragone would direct only one other show with the company in Las Vegas, O in 1998, to many he was the face of Cirque du Soleil in Las Vegas. The shows Dragone created with Cirque du Soleil had single-handedly brought the contemporary circus movement into the mainstream of American entertainment. Around the world, close to 100 million people have now seen Dragone’s creations.[2] Dragone directed Cirque du Soleil's first motion picture, Alegría, in 1999.[6] In 1999 Dragone directed the music video for Lara Fabian's song "Adagio".

Dragone Group[edit]

In 2000 he amicably split from Cirque du Soleil and formed his own company called the Franco Dragone Entertainment Group (later shortened to "Dragone"), based in his hometown of La Louvière in Belgium.[7][5] In 2003[5] Dragone created A New Day... starring Céline Dion[8] at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas.[5] When A New Day ended its run in 2007, Billboard reported it was the highest-grossing residency of all time.[9]

In 2005, Dragone debuted his fourth production on the Las Vegas Strip with the opening of Le Rêve at the Wynn Las Vegas. For this show he used performers mainly from disciplines related to gymnastics.[5] Like his 1998 show O for Cirque du Soleil, Le Rêve made extensive use of a custom-designed water stage.[1] CNN called it a "bombastic, splashy celebration of life" with "diving feats and stunning special effects".[2]

In 2007, he directed a new musical based on Prosper Mérimée's novella Carmen, which premiered at the La Jolla Playhouse.[10] He also worked on an adaption of the Divine Comedy with composer Ennio Morricone.[5]

Franco Dragone was in charge of the opening ceremony show for the 2010 South American Games that took place in Medellín, Colombia on March 19, 2010.[11] The main themes of the show were inspired by Medellin's culture, business and geography.

Dragone in Macau and Dubai[edit]

In 2010, building on his previous experience using aquatic stages in O and Le Rêve,[2] Dragone directed a Macau-based show entitled The House of Dancing Water in the City of Dreams.[12] The House of Dancing Water is the largest aquatic production in the world, and was developed by Dragone in Belgium over 19 months, with the permanent theater taking five years to build.[13] It features around 70 artists, some from Dragone's previous creations with Cirque du Soleil, performing dance, swimming and acrobatics. The House of Dancing Water is set in the 2000-seat Dancing Water Theater designed by Pei Partnership Architects. The 270-degree theater-in-the-round has a central stage with a diameter of approximately 25 meters (82 feet), surrounded by sloped seating on three sides. The theater arena has a 40-meter-high steel trussed space (30 meters clear) providing generous height to the show’s display of acrobatics. The show, which incorporates various design elements such as fire, water effects, and atmospheric effects, premiered on 17 September 2010.[14]

In 2012, Dragone's new cabaret Taboo: The Show Naughty and Naughtier premiered at City of Dreams.[12]

On March 29, 2012, Dragone was awarded a doctor honoris causa degree for general merits by the University of Antwerp, in recognition of his innovative and cosmopolitan approach to theatre.[15]

In 2012 Dragone's business group came under investigation by Belgian authorities for "serious and organized international tax offenses" and money laundering. The group's offices in Louvain, as well as the private homes of Franco Dragone, the group's CEO, its CFO and a former employee, were raided in October 2012 as part of the investigation. The Belgian investigating office suspected Dragone of fraudulently using a global network of shell companies to conceal assets in offshore tax havens to avoid paying taxes. In a press conference addressing the investigation in January 2013, Dragone claimed that the purpose of setting up this international structure had not been to commit fraud, but to avoid double or triple taxation by different countries. He added that he was ready to change his business' structure to provide more transparency.[8][16] His company Lina International, reportedly used to finance The House of Dancing Water, was named in the Panama Papers in 2015.[13]

In early 2013, Dragone produced,[2] created and directed Story of a Fort, Legacy of a Nation, a show that ran from February 28 through March 9, 2013 as the centrepiece event of the Qasr al-Hosn festival in Abu Dhabi. The show celebrated Emirati history with technology, acrobatics, and traditional Emirati dance and music.[17]

In 2014, Dragone opened The Han Show in Wuhan, China, celebrating the essence of the Han culture. The Han Show Theater, designed by Mark Fisher and inspired by the traditional red Chinese lantern, is 60 meters high, 100 meters in diameter and houses more than 2000 seats.[18][19] In spring 2015, Dragone created a new show in Paris for the cabaret Le Lido, titled Paris Merveilles.[20][21][22] In March 2016 he confirmed he was working on a new project for Las Vegas.[22] In 2016, Dragone directed a new show featuring Russian pop icon Philipp Kirkorov[23] called Я (Ya, lit. 'I'), which premiered in the Kremlin Palace on March 16.[24]

In 2017,[2] Dragone's show La Perle opened in Al Habtoor City, Dubai, in a custom-made 10-story theater. The show involved waterfalls, fires, motorcyclists spinning inside a suspended metal sphere, acrobatics into water, and other features.[25] Preparing La Perle took Dragone four to five years,[26] and during its first year he "continually tweaked and improved" the show.[25]

By September 2017, around 100 million people had seen Dragone's work.[2]

Style[edit]

According to CNN, Dragone was "one of the key architects of Cirque du Soleil's unique theatrical style." CNN also says that "while Cirque du Soleil's signature was contemporary circus, Dragone's solo work embodies more theater, dance -- and, of course, water" through the use of his "trademark" aquatic stages.[2]

Dragone seeks to invoke a common language of "emotional archetypes" in his theatrical productions. According to Dragone, the influence of various painters and the theorist Antonin Artaud have pushed him toward a "concrete language intended for the senses", with the use of poetic visuals replacing the poetry of language.[5] Dragone has objected to comparisons of his work to Salvador Dali or Federico Fellini, noting that he travels frequently and has been influenced by a great many painters. In his search to "make the invisible visible" with his theater, he has cited the director Peter Brook as an influence.[5] According to Dragone, "With time and experience I evolve. I see things differently, so I want my next show to be impacted by these changes. I want every project to be a unique experience for the spectators, and every next project to be a new stage of my own development as an artist."[4]

His shows tend to have a very large scale. For example La Perle, showcased in a new theater of the same name, was his first permanent show in the Middle East, with stunts such as "performers flying across the stage at 15 kilometers an hour before diving from heights of 25 meters into the 860-square-meter pool and seemingly disappearing, only to return from land seconds later." It was themed to "capture of essence of Dubai" and its negotiations of opposing elements, such as water and desert, and tradition and modernity. It also features traditional pearl diving themes. The show took $400 million to create, with 450 performances held a year. According to CNN, the stage was "an engineering feat, holding a colossal 2.7 million liters of recycled water -- enough to fill an Olympic pool -- which can be drained in less than a minute for land-based exploits."[2] Regarding the unusually large scale of his productions, Dragone has remarked that "Greek tragedies were done in huge spaces, too."[5]

Shows[edit]

Cirque du Soleil[edit]

Dragone[edit]

Other[edit]

  • 1985: La vente aux enchères, Cirque du Trottoir
  • 1986: Eldorado, Compagnie des Mutants
  • 1987: Les Communs des Mortels, a Compagnie du Campus and Collectif 1984 coproduction
  • 1987: Flic, Flac, Compagnie des Funambules (Belgium)
  • 1987: La tête dans le si bémol, with Michel Dallaire and Pierre Lafontaine
  • 1992: La ballade de l'homme gris, Compagnie du Campus
  • 1993: Pomp, Duck, Circumstance, Düsseldorf
  • 1996: Poussière du temps, Compagnie du Campus
  • 2016: Cagnasse tutto, Foja at Teatro di San Carlo, Naples[30]

Bibliography[edit]

  • ‹See Tfd›(in French) Yves Vasseur, Franco Dragone: une part de rêve, ed. Luc Pire, 2006
  • ‹See Tfd›(in French) Yves Vasseur, Franco Dragone, une improbable odyssée, ed. Labor, 2002
  • ‹See Tfd›(in French) Franco Dragone, Claude Renard, Le Tailleur du Rêve, ed. Les Impressions Nouvelles, 2006

Documentaries[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Jones, Chris (2009-03-16). "Franco Dragone at the Limits of Las Vegas" (PDF). Democratic Vistas Profiles: Essays in the Arts and Democracy. Center for Arts Policy, Columbia College Chicago. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-16.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Saifi, Zeena; Jensen, Jon (28 September 2017). "Franco Dragone brings his splashy magic to Dubai". CNN. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Le Rêve Press Kit" (PDF) (Press release). Wynn Las Vegas. pp. 10–11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2009.
  4. ^ a b Lung, Tama (12 November 2013). "Theatre director Franco Dragone's favourite show is always 'the next one'". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Rawson, Christopher (10 July 2007). "Franco Dragone, 21st Century Showman-Artist". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  6. ^ Dilouambaka, Ethel (10 January 2017). "A Look At Theatre Director Franco Dragone And His Influence". Culture Trip. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  7. ^ Slits, Vincent (3 October 2014). "Les ambitions et le nouveau visage de Dragone" [Dragone's Ambitions and New Face]. La Libre Belgique. pp. 30–31.
  8. ^ a b "Belgian magazine reports Franco Dragone being investigated for fraud". Montreal Gazette. 19 January 2013. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  9. ^ "Her Vegas". Las Vegas Magazine. 10 May 2019. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  10. ^ Hernandez, Ernio (17 June 2007). "Soldier's Side of Carmen Told in New Musical at La Jolla Playhouse". Playbill. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  11. ^ Pease-Watkin, Camilla (15 March 2010). "Medellin's cultural calendar for the South American Games". Columbia Reports. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  12. ^ a b Cheung, Tim (18 July 2012). "Taboo, Franco Dragone's New Show at the City of Dreams". Hong Kong Tatler. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  13. ^ a b Moura, Nelson (5 April 2016). "Panama leaks allegedly finger House of Dancing Water Impressario". Macau Business. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  14. ^ "The Show". The House of Dancing Water.
  15. ^ "Honorary degrees 2012". University of Antwerp. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  16. ^ Leloup, David (17 January 2013). "La face cachée du business de Franco Dragone" [The hidden face of Franco Dragone's business]. Le Vif. Brussels. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  17. ^ Berger, Hugo. "Dazzling Story of a Fort enthrals the UAE" Archived 2015-10-04 at the Wayback Machine. The National. March 3, 2013. Retrieved on 2015-10-02.
  18. ^ "Dalian Wanda Group: The 'Han Show' Theatre". Stufish Entertainment Architects. Archived from the original on 2014-10-14. Retrieved 2012-03-13.
  19. ^ "The Han Show Official Website".
  20. ^ "Le spectacle du Lido mis en scène par Dragone débutera au printemps 2015" [The Lido Show Directed by Dragone Will Open in Spring 2015]. LeSoir.be. 10 August 2014.
  21. ^ a b On a testé : la revue «Paris Merveilles» du Lido. Les Échos. March 3, 2015. Retrieved on 2015-10-02.
  22. ^ a b Clarke, Norm (19 March 2016). "Former Cirque director confirms new Las Vegas show in the works". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  23. ^ "Received state awards Kirkorov made conclusions about the musical tastes of Putin". Russia News Today. 15 November 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  24. ^ "Я - Philip Kirkorov". Drop the Spoon. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  25. ^ a b "La Perle anniversary: death-defying circus still pulling tricks". The National. Abu Dhabi, UAE. 15 September 2018. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  26. ^ Akerman, Iain (1 November 2017). "Inside the mind of Franco Dragone". Open Skies. Dubai. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  27. ^ "Dalian Wanda Group The "Han Show" Theatre Opening 2014". Stufish Architecture. March 12, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  28. ^ "The new revue at the Lido by Franco Dragone". Paris-Is-Beautiful City Guide. Retrieved on 2015-10-02.
  29. ^ Patrick Frater (2015-09-26). "Wanda Opens $2.5 Billion Theme Park in Yunnan". Variety.
  30. ^ "Napoli Teatro Festival 2016: Cagnasse Tutto - Foja @ San Carlo". Teatro di San Carlo. Archived from the original on 15 July 2016.

External links[edit]