Frangipane

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Frangipane
Frangipane.jpg
Frangipane cream before baking
TypeCustard
Main ingredientsAlmonds or almond flavouring, butter, sugar, eggs
French galette des rois (Kings' cake)

Frangipane (/ˈfrænɪˌpæn, -ˌpn/) (Italian pronunciation: [ˌfrandʒiˈpaːne]) is a sweet filling made from or flavored with almonds. This filling can be used in a variety of ways[1] including cakes and such pastries as the Bakewell tart, Conversation tart, Jesuite and Pithivier. A French spelling from a 1674 cookbook is franchipane with the earliest modern spelling coming from a 1732 confectioners' dictionary. Originally designated as a custard tart flavored by almonds or pistachios it came later to designate a filling that could be used in a variety of confections and baked goods. Frangipane is one of France's many traditional foods associated with Christmas celebration.[2]

Today it is normally made of butter, sugar, eggs, and ground almonds.

In some anecdotes it was the kind of sweet that the noblewoman Jacopa da Settesoli brought to St. Francis of Assisi in 1226, when he was dying.

On Epiphany, the French cut the King Cake, a round cake made of frangipane layers into slices to be distributed by a child known as le petit roi (the little king) who is usually hiding under the dining table.[3] The cake is decorated with stars, a crown, flowers and a special bean hidden inside the cake.[4] Whoever gets the piece of the frangipane cake with the bean is crowned “king” or “queen” for the following year.

Etymology[edit]

The word comes ultimately from French, named after Marquis Muzio Frangipani. The word first denoted the frangipani plant, from which was produced the perfume originally said to flavor frangipane.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kitchen Dictionary Retrieved 14 May 2013
  2. ^ Frangipane recipes at BBC Food Retrieved 14 May 2013
  3. ^ Frangipane at BBC Good Food Retrieved 24 May 2013
  4. ^ Mary Berry’s Christmas recipes: Mincemeat Frangipane Tart at Telegraph UK Food and Drink Retrieved 14 May 2013
  5. ^ "frangipane | Definition of frangipane in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 2019-03-21.

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Frangipane." Oxford Companion to Food (1999), 316.