Frank A. Gerbode

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Frank A. Gerbode wrote of a method known as traumatic incident reduction (TIR).[citation needed] He is an Honors graduate of Stanford University and later pursued graduate studies in philosophy at Cambridge University. He received his medical degree from Yale University, and completed a psychiatric residency at Stanford University Medical Center in the early 1970s.

Gerbode is the author of numerous papers and articles, which have been published in the Journal of Neurochemistry, the International Journal of Neuropharmacology, the Journal of Rational Emotive and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, IRM Newsletter and elsewhere. They include at least one article in Nature [1]

He teaches and lectures internationally, and is the author of Beyond Psychology: An Introduction to Metapsychology (ISBN 1-887927-00-X), published in 1988.[2] This book provided the first published description of TIR.

He edited the special issue "Trauma treatment techniques : innovative trends" [3] of Haworth Press's Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma.

From 1986 to 1995, Gerbode founded the Institute for Research in Metapsychology and the Center for Applied Metapsychology in Palo Alto, California.[citation needed] Today, this function is fulfilled by the Traumatic Incident Reduction Association,[4] a division of Applied Metapsychology International.

Gerbode currently resides in Sonoma, California.

Selected publications[edit]


  1. ^ Bowers, M. B., & Gerbode, F. A. (1968). Relationship of Monoamine Metabolites in Human Cerebrospinal Fluid to Age. Nature. 219, 1256-1257.
  2. ^ WorldCat
  3. ^ WorldCat
  4. ^ Traumatic Incident Reduction Association (TIRA)