Frank B. Livingstone

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Frank B. Livingstone
BornDecember 8, 1928
DiedMarch 21, 2005 (2005-03-22) (aged 76)
Alma materHarvard University (B.A.)
RelativesGuy P. Livingstone (father)
Margery Brown Livingstone (mother)

Frank B. Livingstone (December 8, 1928 – March 21, 2005) was an American biological anthropologist.

Early life and education[edit]

Livingstone was born in Winchester, Massachusetts, to Guy P. Livingstone and Margery Brown Livingstone.[1] He graduated from Winchester High School in 1946 and earned his bachelor's degree in Mathematics at Harvard University in 1950.[1][2] He completed a doctoral degree in 1957 and joined the University of Michigan’s anthropology faculty in 1959 where he became Professor Emeritus of Biological Anthropology.[1][3]


Livingstone's primary area of research was genetic variation in modern human populations.[2] For his groundbreaking work on sickle cell anemia, Livingstone was awarded the Martin Luther King Award from the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.[1][2] After his retirement in 1998, Livingstone was awarded the Charles R. Darwin Award for Lifetime Achievement from the American Association of Physical Anthropologists (AAPA).[1] In 2002, a symposium was held in his honor at the annual meeting of the AAPA in Buffalo, New York.[3]


Livingstone died on March 21, 2005, in Springfield, Ohio, due to complications from Parkinson's disease.[1]


  • Abnormal Hemoglobin in Human Populations (Aldine Press, 1967)
  • Data on the Abnormal Hemoglobin's and Glucose-Six-Phosphate Deficiency in Human Populations (1973)
  • Frequencies of Hemoglobin Variants: Thalassemia, The Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency, G6PD Variants, and Ovalocytosis in Human Populations (Oxford University Press, 1985)


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Obituary for Frank B. Livingstone". Archived from the original on September 6, 2008. Retrieved 2009-12-11.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link), University of Michigan.
  2. ^ a b c "Biography of the Anthropologist Frank B. Livingstone". Archived from the original on June 3, 2010. Retrieved 2013-07-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link), Minnesota State University.
  3. ^ a b Vitzthum, Virginia L. (August 2003). "Frank B. Livingstone: Introduction", Human Biology.