Frank Henry Temple Bellew (April 18, 1828 – June 29, 1888), American artist, illustrator, and cartoonist.
Father of Frank P.W. Bellew, who signed his work "Chip," as in "chip off the old block."
Bellew worked for most of the notable publications of his time, including Frank Leslie's Illustrated, Harper's Monthly, Harper's Weekly, Harper's Bazaar, St.Nicholas, and humor magazines such as The Lantern, The New York Picayune, Vanity Fair (US, 1859-1863), The Funniest of Phun, Wild Oats, Puck, Judge, and the comic Life.
Bellew came to New York from England in 1850 and worked in the city his entire career. In 1931 Time magazine credited Bellew with having drawn the first Uncle Sam for a cartoon in an 1852 issue of The Lantern. This claim was discredited by Alton Ketchum in his book Uncle Sam: The Man and the Legend (Hill and Wang, 1959), in which he traced the first depiction of Uncle Sam back to a cartoon in 1832.
Bellew's November 26, 1864, Harper's Weekly caricature of Abraham Lincoln, "Long Abraham Lincoln a Little Longer," exaggerating the height and thinness of the president to absurd extremes, was very popular.
Because his wife's family lived briefly in Concord, Massachusetts, Bellew knew and socialized with Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau, who visited Bellew once at his studio on Broadway in New York City.
Thoreau and Bellew discussed philosophical matters, as Thoreau recorded in his Journals on October 19, 1855:
- Talking with Bellew this evening about Fourierism and communities, I said that I suspected any enterprise in which two were engaged together. "But," said he, "it is difficult to make a stick stand unless you slant two or more against it." "Oh, no," answered I, "you may split its lower end into three, or drive it single into the ground, which is the best way; but most men, when they start on a new enterprise, not only figuratively, but really, pull up stakes. When the sticks prop one another, none, or only one, stands erect."
- Bellew, Frank. The Art Of Amusing: A Collection Of Graceful Arts, Games, Tricks, Puzzles, and Charades. New York: G.W. Carleton and Co., 1866.
- Bellew, Frank. A Bad Boy's First Reader. New York: G.W. Carleton and Co., 1881. (NOTE: This is a reprint of That Comic Primer)
- Bellew, Frank. "Emerson and Walt Whitman," Lippincott's Magazine, June 24, 1884.
- Bellew, Frank. Jeff Petticoats. New York: Intagliotype and Graphotype Co., c. 1866.
- Bellew, Frank, ed. Joe Miller's Jests With Copious Editions. New York: Office of the Northern Magazine, 1865.
- Bellew, Frank. That Charming Evening: A Volume Intended To Amuse Everybody and Enable All To Amuse Everybody Else: Thus Bringing About As Near an Approximation To the Millennium As Can Be Conveniently Attained In the Compass Of One Small Volume. New York: G.W. Carleton and Co., 1878. (NOTE: This is a reprint of The Art of Amusing)
- Bellew, Frank. That Comic Primer. New York: G.W. Carleton and Co., 1877.
- Bellew, Frank, ed. The Tramp: His Tricks, Tallies and Tell-tales, With All His Signs, Countersigns, Grips, Pass-words and Villainies Exposed. New York: Dick & Fitzgerald, 1878.
- Harte, F. Bret. Illustrated by Frank Bellew. Condensed Novels and Other Papers. New York: G.W. Carleton, 1867. (The first book published by Bret Harte).
- Smith, Kristen M., ed. The Lines Are Drawn: Political Cartoons of the Civil War. Athens, Georgia: Hill Street Press, c. 1999.
- Bellew, Frank. "Recollections of Ralph Waldo Emerson," The Literary World, July 12, 1884
- Thoreau, Henry David, edited by F.B. Sanborn. Letter to Thoreau's sister in "The Emerson-Thoreau Correspondence," The Atlantic Monthly, June, 1892, page 752. Bellew's name is misspelled as "F.A.T. Bellew"
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frank Bellew.|
- Works by Frank Bellew at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Frank Bellew at Internet Archive
- Frank Bellew at the cartooning Web site lambiek.net; includes famous November 26, 1864, Harper's Weekly cartoon of "Long Lincoln".
- Biography of Bellew on LeHigh University Web site; the information about books illustrated by Bellew is not immediately verifiable and may be incorrect.
- Frank Bellew at the New York Public Library Digital Gallery.
- Links to numerous cartoons from Harper's Weekly and other publications illustrated at harpweek.com.
- Long Lincoln notepad and pencil sold by the lincolnmuseum.org.
- A French Web page about Bellew.
- A railroading history page with Bellew's New York Daily Graphic cartoon of the American railroading industry as "The American Frankenstein".
- Search for "Bellew" to find original drawings and published illustrations in the Prints & Photographs Online Catalog of the Library of Congress.
- French Web site reprinting Bellew's "Tobacco and Its Users" from the March, 1860, issue of Harper's New Monthly Magazine; click on the illustration and then continue to click on the pop-up image.
- 1877 Harper's Weekly cover, "The Situation On the Black Sea," in the collection of the Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco.
- Bellew cartoons. (Commercial site)