Frank Stanley Cotton was born on 30 April 1890 at Camperdown, Sydney, New South Wales. He was the son of Australian politician Francis Cotton (1857-1942), and brother of Shackleton expeditioner and geology professor, Leo Arthur Cotton (1883-1963). Pioneer art photographer Olive Cotton was his niece. He attended Sydney Boys High School in 1904-08. In 1917, Frank married Catherine Drummond Smith, a geology demonstrator who taught at the University of Sydney.
- Anti-Gravity Suit
In 1940, whilst at the University of Sydney, Professor Cotton invented the "Cotton aerodynamic anti-G flying suit" (G-suit), which prevented pilots from blacking out when making high speed turns or pulling out of a dive. This was used extensively by pilots in the Allied air forces during World War II.
Cotton was also responsible for the ergometer, a machine to test the athletic potential of sportsmen and women. Cotton claimed through this machine to have discovered the swimmers Jon Henricks and Judy-Joy Davies. The Australian swimming coach, Forbes Carlile, began his career as an assistant to Cotton.
- Sidney Cotton (believed to be related)
- Nairn (2011)
- Nairn, Bede. Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 14 August 2017 – via Australian Dictionary of Biography.
- Burek, C and Higgs, B eds. 2007 The role of women in the history of geology, Geological society of London
- "Department of Physiology, University of Sydney". www.physiol.usyd.edu.au. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
- Nairn, Bede, 'Cotton, Frank Stanley (1890–1955)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/cotton-frank-stanley-6326/text9815, accessed 3 August 2011
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