Frank De Vol
|Frank De Vol|
September 20, 1911|
Moundsville, West Virginia, U.S.
|Died||October 27, 1999
Lafayette, California, U.S.
|Occupation||composer, actor and arranger|
|Known for||Movie and TV theme songs|
|Spouse(s)||Grayce Agnes McGinty (1935–1989)
Helen O'Connell (1991–1993)
Early life and career
De Vol was born in Moundsville in Marshall County in northern West Virginia, and was reared in Canton, Ohio. His father, Herman Frank De Vol, was band-leader of the Grand Opera House in Canton, Ohio, and his mother, Minnie Emma Humphreys De Vol, had worked in a sewing shop. He attended Miami University.
De Vol began composing music when he was 12. When he was 14, he became a member of the Musicians' Union. After playing violin in his father's orchestra and appearances in a Chinese restaurant, he joined the Horace Heidt Orchestra in the 1930s, being responsible for the arrangements. Later, he toured with the Alvino Rey Orchestra, before embarking on his recording career.
By the time DeVol was 16, "he was doing arrangements with professional skill." From the 1940s, De Vol wrote arrangements for the studio recordings of many top singers, including Nat King Cole, Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan, Tony Bennett, Dinah Shore, Doris Day, Vic Damone and Jaye P. Morgan. His single most famous arrangement is probably the haunting string and piano accompaniment to Cole's "Nature Boy", which was a United States Number One in 1948. That same year, he released a version of "The Teddy Bears' Picnic" (Capitol Records 15420), that he arranged and sang lead vocals on.
In 1966–1967, he arranged the soundtrack for the 1967 Columbia Pictures comedy film The Happening starring Anthony Quinn and co-produced The Supremes #1 American pop hit "The Happening" with Motown producers Holland–Dozier–Holland.
The success of "Nature Boy", recorded on the Capitol Records label, led to an executive position for De Vol across at the rival Columbia Records. There, he recorded a series of orchestral mood music albums under the studio name "Music by De Vol" (which he also used for some of his film and TV work). The album Bacchanale Suite (1960) is a late, but acclaimed, example of De Vol's mood music. Each track is by English composer Albert Harris and is named after a god or goddess of Greek mythology.
In the 1950s, De Vol's orchestra played frequently at the Hollywood Palladium under the concert name "Music of the Century".
De Vol wrote the scores for many Hollywood movies, receiving Academy Award nominations for four of them: Pillow Talk (1959), Hush… Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964), Cat Ballou (1965) and Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967).
Among the many movies which featured work by De Vol include Kiss Me Deadly (1955), The Big Knife (1955), Attack (1956), Murder, Inc. (1960), Lover Come Back (1961), What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? (1962), The Thrill of It All (1963), Under the Yum Yum Tree (1963), McLintock! (1963), Send Me No Flowers (1964), The Flight of the Phoenix (1965), The Glass Bottom Boat (1966), The Ballad of Josie (1967), The Happening (1967), Caprice (1967), The Dirty Dozen (1967), What's So Bad About Feeling Good? (1968), The Legend of Lylah Clare (1968), Krakatoa, East of Java (1969), Ulzana's Raid (1972), Emperor of the North Pole (1973), The Longest Yard (1974), Doc Savage: The Man of Bronze (1975), Hustle (1975), Herbie Goes to Monte Carlo (1977), The Choirboys (1977), The Frisco Kid (1979), Herbie Goes Bananas (1980) and ...All the Marbles (1981).
De Vol was musical director (and occasionally seen) on Edgar Bergen's CBS Television prime-time game show Do You Trust Your Wife? (1956-1957). "Frank De Vol's orchestra" was featured on the NBC Television prime-time musical variety series The Lux Show Starring Rosemary Clooney (1957-1958). During this time, he appeared on The Betty White Show (1954) and Rod Cameron's syndicated State Trooper. His later appearances were on Fernwood 2 Night (1977) and America 2-Night (1978).
De Vol is best recognized for his television theme tunes, like Family Affair, Gidget, The Brady Bunch and My Three Sons. The My Three Sons theme was musically complex, with a piano playing a triplet obbligato over the melody in 4/4 time, and was a hit single in 1961. He composed scores for episodes of McCloud and The Love Boat, amongst other work for television.
Beginning in 1969, "The Fuzz" became the theme song of Brazilian television newscast Jornal Nacional. KOOL-TV (later KTSP, now KSAZ-TV) was the first television station to use the song. WKBW-TV also used the theme music for the first version of what would eventually become known as Eyewitness News. It would later be replaced by the Action News theme Move Closer to Your World.
De Vol was also an actor specializing in deadpan comic characters, especially as bandleader Happy Kyne on the 1970s talk show parodies Fernwood 2 Night and America 2-Night. He also appeared in television series I'm Dickens, He's Fenster, I Dream of Jeannie, Gidget, Bonanza, Petticoat Junction, Mickey starring Mickey Rooney, The Brady Bunch, Get Smart (at least 2 appearances as Professor Carleton) and The Jeffersons. De Vol had also comic roles as Chief Eaglewood, the head of the Thundercloud Boys' Camp in 1961's The Parent Trap, and as the onscreen narrator in Jerry Lewis's 1967 comedy film The Big Mouth.
De Vol also appeared as a bandleader in the last season of My Three Sons, in addition to writing the theme music and serving as in-house composer for most of the show's twelve seasons. He also scored most episodes of Family Affair, including many of the same incidental music cues as My Three Sons.
De Vol preferred to be credited as "Frank De Vol" for his acting appearances, and as "De Vol" for his musical work.
De Vol was married twice: first to Grayce Agnes McGinty in 1935. This 54 year marriage produced two daughters; Linda Morehouse, and Donna Copeland, and ended with Grayce's death in 1989. His second marriage was to television actress and big band singer Helen O'Connell in 1991, until her death in 1993.
He was initiated as an honorary member of the Gamma Omega chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the national fraternity for men in music, in 1962.
Later life and death
In the mid-1990s, when well into his eighties, De Vol was active in the Big Band Academy of America.
Academy Award nominations
- Pillow Talk (1959)
- Hush… Hush, Sweet Charlotte (1964)
- Cat Ballou (1965)
- Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967)
- Kramer, Lillian (March 16, 1947). "Doubling in Laughs" (PDF). Radio Life. p. 38. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "Capitol Transcriptions ad" (PDF). Broadcasting. June 28, 1948. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- "Too Short for a Head". Billboard. April 20, 1946. p. 12. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- McLintock! DVD commentary
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
- Frank De Vol in the Internet Movie Database
- Frank De Vol in the Big Bands Database[dead link]
- Frank De Vol's Unofficial Site - Mostly soundtracks[dead link]
- The Frank DeVol papers at the American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming