Frank Farrell (rugby league)
|Full name||Francis Michael Farrell|
|Born||16 September 1916
Surry Hills, New South Wales
|Died||23 April 1985
Warriewood, New South Wales
Francis Michael "Bumper" Farrell (16 September 1916 – 23 April 1985) was an Australian premiership winning and national representative rugby league footballer. A prop forward, his long club career was with the Newtown Bluebags from 1938 to 1951 with four Test appearances for the Australian national side between 1946 and 1948. Outside of football he was a policeman in the New South Wales force; he rose through the ranks and was stationed in Sydney's tough inner-city suburbs, where he earned a reputation as feared and revered detective in the Vice Squad.
Farrell was the great-grandson of an Irish convict named Patrick Farrell who was shipped to the Sydney in 1837 for stealing a pig. His father, Sydney-born Reginald Francis Farrell (1889–1983), was a jeweller and his mother, Scottish-born Margaret Theresa Wynne (1886–1977), an ironing lady. His parents were married in 1913. Frank, their second child, was born at St. Margaret's Hospital in Surry Hills, an inner suburb of Sydney. He was brought up in the tough Sydney city suburbs of Redfern, Tempe and Marrickville. Frank was educated at Patrician Brothers' school, Redfern and Marist College Kogarah, and remained a committed Roman Catholic throughout his life.
Frank Farrell married Phyllis Dorothy Read (1912–1981) on 11 November 1944 and had two sons and two daughters.
Farrell was a rugby league footballer with a long sporting career. He rose through the ranks to become The Greatest Bluebag of them all. Graded in 1936, he made his début for the Newtown Rugby League Football Club's first-grade team in the 1938 NSWRFL season. He played his entire New South Wales Rugby Football League premiership career of over 250 games with the Newtown club. He made his state representative debut for New South Wales against Queensland in 1939 and would go on to play thirteen career matches for his state. He became captain of the club in 1942, leading them to victory in the 1943 NSWRFL season Premiership Final against North Sydney. One of Farrell's closest and lifelong friends, Frank Hyde, was his opposing captain that day.
Farrell was captain in 1944 when Newtown finished the regular season on top of the table. Decimated by injuries and the active-duty call up of servicemen Len Smith and Herb Narvo who had starred for them all season the Bluebags were beaten by Balmain 16–19 in a Final. Newtown exercised their "right of challenge" as minor premiers and called for a Grand final in which Farrell led the side. Balmain again prevailed in a low scoring when their representative centre Joe Jorgenson kicked two late penalty goals to give the Tigers a 12–8 win. In a famous incident during a game on 28 July 1945, he was accused of biting off a portion of St. George player Bill McRitchie's ear during a match at Henson Park. He formally denied the allegation at the time. It took seven months for the New South Wales Rugby League judiciary to finalise their inquiry and Farrell was found not guilty.
After the war, he made his international representative debut for Australia in the 1946 Test series against the Great Britain Lions, becoming Kangaroo No. 223. He played in all three matches of the series. It was a violent era and every team had three or four 'enforcers'. Greg Ellis, who was the Newtown ball boy in Bumper's day, said he only ever saw two blokes get the better of him. One was George Jardine, of St. George, and the other was the enormous British prop Frank Whitcombe. During the brutal exchanges in the first test Bumper was 'King Hit' by Whitcombe when the unfortunate St John's ambulanceman ran on to treat him, a still groggy Farrell lashed out at him mistaking him for Whitcombe.
Farrell made another Test appearance against New Zealand in 1948. Farrell was captain-coach of the Newtown club from 1946 to 1951 and in that six-year period the club made the finals on four occasions. He retired in 1951 and was at that time the first Sydney top-grade player with 250 grade games for his club. He remains today the only player to top 200 first-grade appearances for Newtown. He later served a long term as President of the Newtown Jets. Former Mayor of Newtown Joe Bugler described him as the "greatest man God ever put breath into". Other officials who served alongside him at times of various crises recall the way in which his loyalty, service and dedication helped guide the Newtown Jets club through whatever travails it had to face.
While playing football, Farrell was employed in the New South Wales Police Force in a career that lasted from 1938 to 1976. During his long tenure as sergeant of the 21st Division Darlinghurst (Kings Cross) police station in Sydney he was outwardly respected as an honest and tough member of the community and police force as a member of the Vice Squad. Farrell became one of Sydney's most famous Policemen and was featured in hundreds of media reports between the 1940s and the mid-1970s. His highest rank was Inspector 1st Class.
However articles including two published by the ABC, and oral history interviews with long term residents of the Kings Cross precinct uncover the dark underside as the community remember and recite Farrell's legendary status for his harassment and intimidation of local business people and residents, particularly anyone considered "bohemian", "Some of the gambling dives were chockablock with thuggish cops, like Bumper Farrell, whose reputation for turncoat behaviour was legendary. Farrell hunted vagrants (and anyone he didn't like the look of, myself included) to boost the score of arrests at Paddington Police Station, while turning a blind eye to grander villainy".
"The Darlinghurst police back in those days with Bumper Farrell, they weren't very nice. They'd put you in a steel-built cabinet and rock you round the room. Then they'd get you out and throw you on the ground and get telephone books and jump on top of the phone books. But they'd never leave a mark". Debra Deveraux, George Negus Tonight, ABC, 2004.
In the 1950s a scandal was quickly quashed when the cover of Melbourne newspaper Truth ran the headline "Sex Chocolates: Anna Hoffmann Strikes Again" Anna Hoffman was a supposed vagrant working as a prostitute, when she allegedly spiked Farrell's food with marijuana during a tryst with him, and recorded the event with equipment placed under her bed. This wasn't Hoffman's first experience with the legal system; after a few run-ins with the police force and allegedly threatening to expose details of corruption, this was second time around in a court room for her since 1955. She was allegedly deported, never to set foot in Australia again. The incident was efficiently brushed under the carpet in record time.
Bill Jenkings, a well-known Australian writer and newspaper reporter, refused to believe allegations about the involvement of Frank "Bumper" Farrell in corrupt activities – having known him personally for 40 years. Jenkings said in his biography As Crime Goes By.. (Ironbark Press, 1992) that the Queens of Sydney's underworld, Tilly Devine and Kate Leigh, constantly earned Bumper Farrell's wrath. "He'd run them in every chance that he got."
A biography about Frank Farrell called "Bumper. The Life and Times of Frank Bumper Farrell" (2011), by author Larry Writer states "he enforced law the 'Bumper' way, with his fists and boots, and by his own moral code, which while terribly politically incorrect, was certainly effective. He was the toughest, roughest street cop that Australia has ever seen." Farrell was awarded the Queen's Police Medal for Distinguished Service on 1 January 1976.
Death and legacy
Frank Farrell died suddenly of a heart attack at his home on 23 April 1985. His funeral service was attended by many police and football colleagues and was widely reported in the national media. He was later buried at Mona Vale Cemetery on 26 April 1985. Frank Farrell was survived by his four children and many grandchildren.
Says Terry Williams in his History of Newtown book called 'Through Blue Eyes':- "He was no saint, but his flaws made him all the more loved. Bumper neither sought nor claimed perfection, but the qualities he brought to Newtown on and off the field added lustre to the game and the club and helped make Newtown what it is today. Frank Farrell passed away in 1985, but he had entered the pantheon of Bluebag Legends well before then and remains the ultimate Newtown icon." His death notice in the Sydney Morning Herald described Frank Farrell as "The Greatest Bluebag of All".
Farrell's name was immortalized in Farrell Avenue, in the Sydney suburb of Darlinghurst.
- Carr, Andy. "Farrell, Francis Michael (Frank) (1916–1985)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Australian National University. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- Larry Writer, Bumper, The life and times of Frank Bumper Farrell Published by Hachette, Australia. 2011. (ISBN 978 0 7336 2489 6).
- Through Blue eyes, by Terry Williams. (2008)
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- Frank "Bumper" Farrell at eraofthebiff.com
- Bumper Farrell accused of biting off a bloke’s ear – showroom.com.au
- Frank Farrell stats at rugbyleagueproject.com
- Frank Farrell at yesterdayshero.com.au
- Whiticker, Alan & Collis, Ian (2006) The History of Rugby League Clubs, New Holland, Sydney
- Larry Writer. BUMPER – The life and times of Frank 'Bumper' Farrell., Published by Hachette, Australia. 2011. (ISBN 978 0 7336 2489 6).
- Terry Williams. THROUGH BLUE EYES – A Pictorial History of Newtown RLFC. Published by Ligare Books, Sydney. (2008)