Frank Furedi (Hungarian: Füredi Ferenc; born 3 May 1947) is a Hungarian-Canadian academic and emeritus professor of sociology at the University of Kent. He is well known for his work on sociology of fear, education, therapy culture, paranoid parenting and sociology of knowledge.
A former student radical, he became involved in left-wing politics in Britain in the 1970s; in particular, as a member of the International Socialists (IS), under the pseudonym Frank Richards; and subsequently, as founder and leader of the Revolutionary Communist Party. In the 1990s he was actively involved in humanist-focused issues, especially campaigns for free speech. Furedi's academic work was initially devoted to a study of imperialism and race relations. His books on the subject include The Mau-Mau War in Perspective, The New Ideology of Imperialism and The Silent War: Imperialism and the Changing Perception of Race. In recent years his work has been oriented towards exploring the sociology of risk and low expectations. Furedi is author of several books on this topic, most recently Wasted: Why Education Isn't Educating (Continuum 2009) and Invitation to Terror: The Expanding Empire of the Unknown (Continuum 2007), an analysis of the impact of terrorism post 9/11. His more recent publications, On Tolerance: A Defence of Moral Independence (Continuum 2011) and Authority: A Sociological Introduction (Cambridge University Press) deal with the inter-related problem of freedom and authority. He is, according to research from 2005, the most widely cited sociologist in the UK press.
He lives in Faversham and is the husband of Ann Furedi, the former Chief Executive of British Pregnancy Advisory Service, the UK's largest independent abortion provider. He is a supporter of Humanists UK.
Furedi's family emigrated from Hungary to Canada after the failed 1956 uprising, and he did his bachelor's degree in international relations at McGill University in Montreal. He has lived in Britain since 1969, and completed his M.A. (on African politics) and his Ph.D. (on the Mau Mau Uprising in Kenya) at the School of Oriental and African Studies, London University.[non-primary source needed]
RCP and offshoots
In the 1970s, Furedi co-founded the Revolutionary Communist Party (RCP). The RCP was distinguished by its commitment to theoretical elaboration and hostility to state intervention in social life.
Furedi is associated with the web journal Spiked Online. Furedi maintains that society and universities are undergoing a politically driven 'dumbing down' process which is manifest in society's growing inability to understand and assess the meaning of risk. The rise of the environmental and green movements parallels society's growing obsession with risk. Furedi also attacks the scientific consensus on global warming, and has criticised the prominent role played by science in policy formation. As a humanist educator, he is critical of the attempt to subject schooling to technocratic and instrumentalist policy making.
Furedi frequently appears in the media, expressing his view that Western societies have become obsessed with risk. He writes regularly for Spiked Online. He has also written several books on the subject of risk, offering a counterpoint to the analyses of Anthony Giddens and Ulrich Beck, including Paranoid Parenting, Therapy Culture, and Culture of Fear.
In 2008 he criticised opponents of American vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin on the Spiked website. He claims: "It seems that even fervent advocates of women’s rights will adopt outdated and chauvinistic moral rhetoric when targeting a woman they do not like."
Collaboration with Jennie Bristow
In 2008 he co-authored a book with Jennie Bristow published by the think tank Civitas titled Licensed to Hug: How Child Protection Policies Are Poisoning the Relationship Between the Generations and Damaging the Voluntary Sector, arguing that the growth of police vetting (see Criminal Records Bureau) has created a sense of mistrust and advocating a more common-sense approach to adult/child relations, based on the assumption that the vast majority of adults can be relied on to help and support children, and that the healthy interaction between generations enriches children's lives.
Critics of Furedi are drawn from a wide spectrum of left and progressive opinion who criticise as cultish and reactionary the organizations in which he has been a leading figure. Furedi's views on race have been described as a "colourblind racism". George Monbiot has elicited an admission from the managing editor of Spiked Online that they have received $300,000 in funding from the Charles Koch Foundation, a fact not declared on their website. He has accused Furedi of overseeing extreme right-wing libertarian campaigns "against gun control,(8) against banning tobacco advertising (9) and child pornography,(10)and in favour of global warming,(11) human cloning and freedom for corporations.". He also charges him of leading entryism of ex-RCPers into "key roles in the formal infrastructure of public communication used by the science and medical establishment", to pursue an agenda in favour of genetic engineering. The journalist, atheist blogger and pro-social equality campaigner Nick Cohen has described the RCP as a "weird cult" whose Leninist discipline, disruptive behaviour and selfish publicity-seeking have remained unaltered during the various tactical shifts in the face it presents to the wider world.
For Furedi the growing contempt for objective truth and transmissible knowledge is the sign of a deeper malaise within society - a loss of trust in rational thought and a flight towards "social inclusion", where this means, in effect, mob rule. The philistinism of educational theory, the take-over of the humanities by the "postmodern" charlatans, the loss of respect for science, and the growing tendency to put "relevance" at the heart of the curriculum - all these are signs, for Furedi, of a fundamental repudiation of knowledge. And this explains the vanishing of the intellectuals.
Furedi and his admirers in the former RCP have dismissed these accusations as dishonest, cowardly and McCarthyite and characterize their critics as jealous, small-minded and unable to engage politically or intellectually with the ideas he and they devise and promulgate on a cooperative, non-coercive basis. Moreover, some liberal thinkers[who?] are strong admirers of Furedi, and the philosopher Mary Warnock has argued that he is "to be respected in the strongest sense, indeed greatly admired" for his exposure of hypocrisy and intolerance in contemporary culture.
- The Soviet Union Demystified: A Materialist Analysis, Junius Publications, 1986, ISBN 0948392037
- The Mau Mau War in Perspective, James Currey Publishers, 1989
- Mythical Past, Elusive Future: History and Society in an Anxious Age, Pluto Press, 1991
- The New Ideology of Imperialism: Renewing the Moral Imperative, Pluto Press, 1994
- Colonial Wars and the Politics of Third World Nationalism, IB Tauris, 1994
- Culture of Fear: Risk Taking and the Morality of Low Expectation, Continuum International Publishing Group, 1997, ISBN 030433751X. 2nd edition: 2002, ISBN 0826459293
- Population and Development: A Critical Introduction, Palgrave Macmillan, 1997
- The Silent War: Imperialism and the Changing Perception of Race, Pluto Press, 1998
- Courting Mistrust: The Hidden Growth of a Culture of Litigation in Britain, Centre for Policy Studies, 1999
- Paranoid Parenting: Abandon Your Anxieties and Be a Good Parent, Allen Lane, 2001
- Therapy Culture: Cultivating Vulnerability in an Uncertain Age, Routledge, 2003
- Where Have All the Intellectuals Gone?: Confronting Twenty-First Century Philistinism, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2004
- The Politics of Fear. Beyond Left and Right, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005, ISBN 0826487289
- Invitation to Terror: The Expanding Empire of the Unknown, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2007, ISBN 0826499570
- Licensed to Hug: How Child Protection Policies Are Poisoning the Relationship Between the Generations and Damaging the Voluntary Sector with Jennie Bristow, Civitas, 2008, ISBN 1903386705. 2nd Revised edition: 2010, ISBN 1906837163
- Wasted: Why Education Isn't Educating, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2009
- On Tolerance: The Life Style Wars: A Defence of Moral Independence, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2011, ISBN 1441120106
- Authority: A Sociological Introduction, Cambridge University Press, 2013
- Moral Crusades in an Age of Mistrust: The Jimmy Savile Scandal, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, ISBN 1137338016
- First World War: Still No End in Sight, Bloomsbury USA, 2014, ISBN 1441125108
- Power of Reading: From Socrates to Twitter, Bloomsbury, 2015, ISBN 1472914775
- Populism and the European Culture Wars: The Conflict of Values between Hungary and the EU, Routledge, 2017, ISBN 1138097438
- How Fear Works: Culture of Fear in the Twenty-First Century, Bloomsbury, 2018, ISBN 9781472972897
- Why Borders Matter: Why Humanity Must Relearn the Art of Drawing Boundaries, Routledge, 2020, ISBN 0367416824
- Turner, Jenny (8 July 2010). "Who Are They?: Jenny Turner reports from the Battle of Ideas". London Review of Books. 32 (13): 3–8, 5. Retrieved 6 February 2017.
- Gaber, Annaliza (30 September 2005). "Media Coverage of Sociology". www.socresonline.org.uk.
- "Frank Furedi: Five things I have learned". 26 September 2010 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- Curriculum Vitae Archived 2010-07-15 at the Wayback Machine, University of Kent website
- "In 2008, let us challenge the Politics of Apocalypse". Spiked. 2007-12-27. Archived from the original on 2016-08-07.
- "The tyranny of science". Spiked. 2008-01-15. Archived from the original on 2016-09-27.
- Frank Furedi "Turning Sarah Palin into a twenty-first century witch", Spiked-Online, 8 September 2008.
- ISBN 978-1-903386-70-5
- Benjamin Doxtdator, Spiked’s colorblind racism, 30 July 2018
- George Monbiot, How US billionaires are fuelling the hard-right cause in Britain, The Guardian, 7 Dec 2018
- Invasion of the entryists, The Guardian, 9 December 2003
- Nick Cohen vs the Institute of Ideas, New Humanist, November/December 2006
- Wireless: Long March to the Microphone, Standpoint, July/August 2010
- Scruton, Roger (September 4, 2004). "Dumb and dumber". The Times. Retrieved December 8, 2020.
- 'Humanising politics – that is my only agenda', Spiked Online, 25 April 2007
- On Tolerance: A War of Moral Independence, Times Higher Education, 29 September 2011