Frank D. Gilroy
|Frank D. Gilroy|
|Born||Frank Daniel Gilroy
October 13, 1925
Bronx, New York, U.S.
|Died||September 12, 2015
Monroe, New York, U.S.
|Pen name||Bert Blessing|
|Alma mater||Dartmouth College (1950), Yale University|
|Spouse||Ruth Dorothy Gaydos (1954-2015)|
|Child(ren)||Tony, Dan, and John Gilroy|
|Magnum opus||The Subject Was Roses (1965)|
|Awards||Pulitzer Prize for Drama (1965)
Tony Award for Best Play (1965)
Frank Daniel Gilroy (October 13, 1925 – September 12, 2015) was an American playwright, screenwriter, and film producer and director. He received the Tony Award for Best Play and the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for his play The Subject Was Roses in 1965.
Gilroy was born on October 13, 1925, in New York City, the son of Bettina (née Vasti) and Frank B. Gilroy, a coffee broker. His father was Irish American and his mother was of Italian and German descent. Gilroy lived in the Bronx for most of his childhood and attended DeWitt Clinton High School. He then enlisted in the U.S. Army after graduation. He served two and a half years in the 89th Division, of which eighteen months were in the European Theater.
After the war, Gilroy attended Dartmouth College, where he joined Theta Chi, and graduated magna cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1950. Later in 1966, he would receive an honorary Doctor of Letters. He also received a grant from Dartmouth that allowed him to attend the Yale School of Drama.
His entrance to theatre was marked with his 1962 play Who'll Save the Plowboy? at the off-Broadway Phoenix Theatre, which won the Obie Award. The play follows Albert Cobb, a man who once dreamed of owning a farm, becoming a plowboy. He and his wife Helen are awaiting to be reunited fifteen years after World War II, along with Larry Doyle, the man who saved his life. The title comes from when they were in the war, and Albert was staked as bait by the Germans, and Larry kept shouting "Who'll Save the Plowboy?" until he finally crept out and saved him.
The Subject Was Roses premiered on Broadway on May 25, 1964 and closed on May 21, 1966. The two-act play has been compared to Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey Into Night. Walter Kerr said of the show: "a family triangle in which a father loves a son and the mother loves that son and the son loves both mother and father and not one of them can make a move or utter a sound that does not instantly damage the other."
That Summer, That Fall, which had a brief run on Broadway in 1967, starring Tyne Daly and Irene Papas is a version of the Hippolytus-Phaedra story. The play is set in an Italian neighborhood in Lower Manhattan in an apartment complex.
Gilroy's works include screenplays for the films Desperate Characters (starring Shirley MacLaine) and The Gallant Hours (starring James Cagney). He has also adapted his own plays for film, including The Subject Was Roses (starring Patricia Neal, Martin Sheen and Jack Albertson) and The Only Game in Town (starring Elizabeth Taylor and Warren Beatty). His 1985 screenplay for The Gig (starring Cleavon Little and Wayne Rogers) has been adapted as a musical, with book, music, and lyrics by Douglas J. Cohen. A 2006 Off-Broadway presentation and recording by the York Theatre Company starred Karen Ziemba, Stephen Berger, Michele Pawk, and Michael McCormick.
Gilroy has also written fiction, including the novel From Noon Till Three, which was adapted into a film starring Charles Bronson. In addition to writing the screenplay, Gilroy also directed the film. Gilroy also contributed to several TV westerns in the late 1950s, including Have Gun – Will Travel, The Rifleman, and Wanted: Dead or Alive. His later credits include Nero Wolfe, a 1977 adaptation of Rex Stout's novel The Doorbell Rang as a television movie featuring Thayer David.
Gilroy's three sons, from his marriage to sculptor/writer Ruth Dorothy Gaydos, are involved in the film industry. Tony Gilroy and Dan Gilroy are screenwriters and directors, while John Gilroy is a film editor. Frank Gilroy died early on the morning of September 12, 2015 in Monroe, New York.
- 1962 Obie Award for Who'll Save the Plowboy?
- 1964 New York Drama Critics' Circle Award for The Subject Was Roses
- 1964 Outer Critics Circle Award for The Subject Was Roses
- 1964 New York Theatre Club Award for The Subject Was Roses
- 1965 Tony Award for The Subject Was Roses
- 1965 Pulitzer Prize for The Subject Was Roses
- 1966 Doctor of Letters from Dartmouth College
- 1971 Silver Bear at the 21st Berlin International Film Festival for Desperate Characters
- "Drama". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
- "Frank D. Gilroy Biography". filmreference. 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- Colby, Vineta (1995). World authors, 1985-1990. H.W. Wilson. p. 304. ISBN 0824208757.
- Lahlou, Turia (February 29, 2008). "Gilroy '50 speaks on new biography". The Dartmouth. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- "Who'll Save the Plowboy? Listing" lortel.org, accessed September 14, 2015
- "The Subject WasRoses" ibdb.com, accessed September 14, 2015
- McCaffrey, Lawrence J. (1992). Textures of Irish America, p. 63. Syracuse University Press.
- Coy, Stephen C. (1981). Twentieth-Century American Dramatists. Detroit, Michigan: Gale. ISBN 978-0-8103-0928-9.
- "That Summer, That Fall" ibdb.com, accessed September 14, 2015
- "Photo Coverage: The York Theatre Company's The Gig". BroadwayWorld.com. BroadwayWorld.com. 2006-05-06. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- Neil Butterworth (2 October 2013). Dictionary of American Classical Composers. Taylor & Francis. pp. 1993–. ISBN 978-1-136-79023-2.
- McFadden, Robert D. (13 September 2015). "Frank D. Gilroy, Who Had Smash Debut With 'Subject Was Roses,' Dies at 89". New York Times. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Frank D. Gilroy, Pulitzer Prize-Winning Playwright, Dies at 89". The Hollywood Reporter. 13 September 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Berlinale 1971: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-03-13.