Frank Horvat

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Frank Horvat
Born(1928-04-28)28 April 1928
Abbazia, Italy (today Opatija, part of Croatia)
Died21 October 2020(2020-10-21) (aged 92)
OccupationPhotographer
Known forFashion photography

Frank Horvat (28 April 1928 – 21 October 2020) was an Italian photographer who lived and worked in France. He is best known for his fashion photography, published between the mid 1950s and the late 1980s. Horvat's photographic opus includes photojournalism, portraiture, landscape, nature, and sculpture.[1] He was the recipient of the Fondazione del Centenario Award in 2010 for his contributions to European culture.

He has collaborated with fellow photographers such as Don McCullin, Robert Doisneau, Sarah Moon, Helmut Newton, and Marc Riboud. In the 1990s, he was one of the first major photographers to experiment with technology including photoshop.

Early life[edit]

Horvat was born in Abbazia, Italy (now Opatija, Croatia), on 28 April 1928, into a Jewish family from Central Europe.[2] His father, Karl, was a Hungarian general physician, and his mother, Adele, was a psychiatrist from Vienna. At the age of 11, in 1939, his family moved to Lugano in Switzerland, fleeing fascism in Italy.[3] He went on to study fine art at Brera Academy in Milan.[4] Horvat lived in several countries including Switzerland, Italy, Pakistan, India, England, and the United States, before settling in France in 1955.[5]

Career[edit]

The 1950s[edit]

Horvat started his career in the mid 1950s as a photojournalist in Paris, working to capture the 'sleaze and squalor' of the city, before going on to fashion photography.[6] He acknowledged having been strongly influenced by French humanist photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson.[7] After meeting him in 1950, he followed his advice and replaced his Rollei with a Leica camera and embarked on a two-year journey through Asia as a free-lance photojournalist. His photographs from this trip were published by Life, Réalités, Match, Picture Post, Die Woche, and Revue. His photograph of an Indian bride under a veil, her face reflected in a mirror on her lap, was selected by Edward Steichen for The Family of Man exhibit at the Museum of Modern Art which toured the world to be seen by 9 million visitors.[8][9][10]

In 1955, Horvat moved from London to Paris and found that the mood of its streets and its inhabitants had little in common with the somewhat romantic vision of the so-called humanist photographers. In 1957, Horvat shot fashion photographs for Jardin des Modes using a 35-mm camera and available light,[11] which formerly had rarely been used for fashion. This innovation was welcomed by ready-to-wear designers, because it presented their creations in the context of everyday life. In the following years, Horvat was commissioned to do similar work for Elle in Paris, Vogue in London, and Harper’s Bazaar in New York.[5]

The 1960s and 1970s[edit]

Between 1962 and 1963, Horvat turned to photojournalism and took a trip around the world for the German magazine Revue. Then he experimented with cinema and video. In 1976, he decided to "become his own client" by producing three personal projects: Portraits of Trees (1976–82), Very Similar (1982-86) and New York Up and Down (1982–87), which he called his "triptych".[12]

The 1980s[edit]

In this period, Horvat went on towards color photography including his series New York Up and Down, where he extensively shot portraits of passengers on New York's subway systems and coffee shops. This was also period when his eyesight started to fail from an eye disease. It was then that he began a new project, a series of interviews with fellow photographers, such as Edouard Boubat, Robert Doisneau, Mario Giacomelli, Josef Koudelka, Don McCullin, Sarah Moon, Helmut Newton, Marc Riboud, Jeanloup Sieff and Joel-Peter Witkin. They were published in France under the title Entre Vues.[13]

The 1990s[edit]

In the 1990s, Horvat became interested in computer technology and produced Yao the Cat (1993), Bestiary (1994), and Ovid’s Metamorphoses (1995). He transgressed the Cartier-Bressonian rule of the "decisive moment" by combining parts of images shot at different times and in different places.[14] Several years later, he produced A Trip to Carrara.[15] This was also the period that he was one of the first photographers to experiment with Photoshop.[16]

Themes[edit]

Women played a central thematic role in his fashion journalistic works, with a focus on realism. Speaking about women in his photography and his emphasis on natural looks, he said, “I was interested in women. I wanted to show what I liked about them. They would spend two hours in the makeup chair, and I’d try to get them to remove it so they’d look more natural.”[4] In his own words, he kept away from pictures of war, disease, and suffering, "not out of indifference to these misfortunes, but because I feel neither the moral justification nor the physical courage to face such situations as a photographer.”[3] However, his early photojournalistic works of Paris, had him focus on the city's seedy underbelly to counter the 'heavily romanticized' depictions of the city.[4]

Later years[edit]

House of Fifteen Keys, retrospective exhibition, Palazzo Mediceo di Seravezza, Seravezza Lucca, Italy (2014)

Horvat's later projects were perhaps his most personal. 1999 is a photo-diary of the last year of the millennium, shot with a tiny analog camera designed for amateurs.[17] Entre Vues and La Véronique were taken with the first digital Nikon within a 30-meter range,[15] either inside his home in Provence or in its immediate surroundings.[18] Eye at the Fingertips, which was started in 2006, was photographed with a digital compact camera.[19] His latest enterprise was an iPad application called Horvatland, which contains more than 2,000 photos produced over the course of 65 years with ten hours of commentary.[20] He received the Fondazione del Centenario Award (based in Lugano, Switzerland) in 2010, for his contribution to European culture.[21]

Horvat's latest book, Side Walk, showcasing life in New York city in the 1980s, is to be published on 26 October 2020.[4][22] He died on 21 October 2020 at the age of 92.[5][23]

Books[edit]

  • 1957 : La capture des éléphants sauvages, Editions Louvois, Paris, ASIN B003WPVD3I
  • 1962 : J'aime la télévision, Editions Rencontre, Lausanne, Switzerland (text by Max Egli), ASIN B00J7TN9MQ
  • 1962 : J'aime le strip-tease, Editions Rencontre, Lausanne, Switzerland (text by Patrik Lindermohr), ASIN B00181B2TI
  • 1979 : The Tree, Aurum Press, London and Little, Brown, New York (text by John Fowles), ISBN 0906053048
  • 1982 : Goethe in Sicilia, Edizioni Novecento, Palermo, Italy[24]
  • 1990 : Entre vues, Éditions Nathan, Paris, ISBN 9782092400333
  • 1991 : Degas sculptures, Imprimerie nationale, Paris, ISBN 9782110811424
  • 1992 : Yao le chat botté, Éditions Gautier-Languereau, Paris, ISBN 9782010200731
  • 1994 : Arbres, Imprimerie nationale, Paris, ISBN 9782110813091
  • 1994 : Le Bestiaire d’Horvat, CNP et Actes Sud, ISBN 9782742703739
  • 1996 : Paris-Londres, London-Paris, Éditions de la Ville de Paris, ISBN 9782879002910
  • 1996 : De la Mode et des Jardins, Éditions de l’Imprimerie Nationale, Paris, ISBN 9782743301644
  • 1998 : 51 Photographs in Black and White, Dewi Lewis, Manchester, ISBN 9781899235469
  • 1999 : Very Similar, Dewi Lewis, Manchester, ISBN 9781899235575
  • 2000 : Frank Horvat, Photopoche no 88, Delpire et Nathan, Paris, ISBN 9782097541437
  • 2000 : 1999: A Daily Report, Dewi Lewis, Manchester, ISBN 9781899235186
  • 2001 : Figures romanes, Éditions du Seuil, Paris, ISBN 9782020933841
  • 2002 : Homenatge a Catalunya, Foundation Privada Vila Casas, Barcelona[25]
  • 2004 : Time Machine – a trip around the world, 1962–1963, OFF Publications, Boulogne-Billancourt, France[26]
  • 2004 : La Véronique, thirty meters around my house in Provence, introduction by Renaud Camus, OFF Publications, published by Frank Horvat, Boulogne-Billancourt, France[26][27]
  • 2005 : Horvat photographie Couturier, Gallimard and Musée Maillol, Paris, ISBN 9782910826420
  • 2006 : The Horvat Labyrinth, Éditions du Chêne, Hachette, Paris, ISBN 9782842777203
  • 2008 : De bocche-tette-culi-cazzi-e-mone, illustrations to the erotic poems by Zorzi Baffo, a Venetian aristocrat of the 18th century, OFF Publications, published by Frank Horvat, Boulogne-Billancourt, France[28]
  • 2009 : Adele Edelstein (About My Mother), OFF Publications, published by Frank Horvat, Boulogne-Billancourt, France[27]
  • 2009 : Dr. Karl Horvat (About My Father), OFF Publications, published by Frank Horvat, Boulogne-Billancourt, France[27]
  • 2009 : New York Up and Down (with a text by Franz Kafka), OFF Publications, published by Frank Horvat, Boulogne-Billancourt, France[27][29]
  • 2009 : Masken und Mandarinen (with texts by the German poetess Ingrid Mylo), OFF Publications, published by Frank Horvat, Boulogne-Billancourt, France[27]
  • 2013 : House of Fifteen Keys, (with texts by Jean-Noël Jeanneney), published by Terre Bleue, ISBN 978-2-909953-30-4

Exhibitions[edit]

  • 2014 : House of Fifteen Keys, retrospective exhibition, Palazzo Mediceo di Seravezza, Seravezza Lucca, Italy.[30]

Filmography[edit]

  • Le Procédé Fresson (1986) – by Jean Réal with Michel Fresson, Bernard Faucon, Bernard Plossu, Horvat, etc.[31]
  • Frank Horvat, 1999 – at Arte Television[32]
  • Fashion Horvat : Frank Horvat Exhibition in North Vancouver, 2012[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Contemporary photographers, dir. Martin Marix Evans, article "Horvat Frank", St James Press, Detroit, 1995, pp 508–511.
  2. ^ "Frank Horvat, Fashion Photographer and Photojournalist, Dies at 92". sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  3. ^ a b Keystone-SDA/ts. "Frank Horvat, portrait photographer of women, dies aged 92". SWI swissinfo.ch. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d "Frank Horvat, groundbreaking fashion photographer, dies aged 92". the Guardian. 22 October 2020. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Jonze, Tim (22 October 2020). "Frank Horvat, groundbreaking French photographer, dies aged 92". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Frank Horvat, groundbreaking fashion photographer, dies aged 92". the Guardian. 22 October 2020. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  7. ^ "L'esprit frondeur de Frank Horvat | PM". PM (in French). 15 April 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  8. ^ Steichen, Edward; Sandburg, Carl; Norman, Dorothy; Lionni, Leo; Mason, Jerry; Stoller, Ezra; Museum of Modern Art (New York) (1955). The family of man: The photographic exhibition. Published for the Museum of Modern Art by Simon and Schuster in collaboration with the Maco Magazine Corporation.
  9. ^ Hurm, Gerd, 1958-, (editor.); Reitz, Anke, (editor.); Zamir, Shamoon, (editor.) (2018), The family of man revisited : photography in a global age, London I.B.Tauris, ISBN 978-1-78672-297-3CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Sandeen, Eric J (1995), Picturing an exhibition : the family of man and 1950s America (1st ed.), University of New Mexico Press, ISBN 978-0-8263-1558-8
  11. ^ Camera, monthly international magazine about photography, éd. C. J. Bucher, Lucerne, Swiss, 1957.
  12. ^ DE PACE Loredana, "Il labirinto di Horvat" in Foto cult, nov 2011, year VIII, n 82, pp 68–74
  13. ^ Horvat, Frank (1990). Entre vues. Nathan. ISBN 9782092400333.
  14. ^ BERNARD Hervé, Frank Horvat, le tirage sur ordinateur", Photographie, n. 1494, May 1992, pp 24–27.
  15. ^ a b "Premio Mediterraneum per la Fotografia d'Autore". Catalogo Mostre personali Med Photo Fest 2018. No. 10. Syracuse, Sicily: Associazione Culturale Mediterraneum (published 11 May 2018). May 2018. p. 4. Retrieved 23 October 2020. (in Italian)
  16. ^ LensCulture, Frank Horvat |. "Frank Horvat". LensCulture. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  17. ^ Horvat, Frank (2000). 1999: A Daily Report. Dewi Lewis Publishing. ISBN 9781899235186.
  18. ^ Spencer, Mimosa (21 October 2020). "Frank Horvat, Fashion Photographer and Photojournalist, Dies at 92". Women's Wear Daily. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  19. ^ Kreitling, Holger (14 March 2012). "Die Suche nach dem wahren Bild". Welt. Retrieved 23 October 2020. (in German)
  20. ^ Beauvert, Myrtille (22 October 2020). "Frank Horvat". The Eye of Photography [L’Oeil de la Photographie]. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  21. ^ "Premio 2010 – Frank Horvat". Lugano: Fondazione del Centenario. 28 October 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  22. ^ "Blind - The Colorful Sidewalks of New York, by Frank Horvat". www.blind-magazine.com. Retrieved 24 October 2020.
  23. ^ Duponchelle, Valérie (21 October 2020). "Décès du photographe Frank Horvat, l'homme qui aimait les femmes". Le Figaro.fr. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  24. ^ "Frank Horvat: Goethe in Sizilien / Goethe in Sicilia". Rome: Casa di Goethe. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  25. ^ Horvat, Frank (2002). Homenatge a Catalunya. Fundació Vila Casas.
  26. ^ a b "Bibliography". Horvatland. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  27. ^ a b c d e "Frank Horvat". Toronto: Izzy Gallery. Archived from the original on 7 January 2020. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  28. ^ De Santis, Sophie (4 November 2009). "Frank Horvat". Le Figaro. Paris. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2020. (in French)
  29. ^ "Photography Exhibition: Frank Horvat, New York Up and Down, 1982–1986". The Eye of Photography [L’Oeil de la Photographie]. 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  30. ^ "Seravezza Fotografia XI Edizione 2014".
  31. ^ "Le Procédé Fresson". film-documentaire.fr. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  32. ^ "1992–2001 Arte 10 ans" (PDF). Strasbourg: Arte. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 August 2019. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  33. ^ Consulate General of France in Vancouver (30 January 2013). Fashion Horvat: Frank Horvat Exhibition in North Vancouver (in French). YouTube. Retrieved 23 October 2020.

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