Frank Lascelles (diplomat)
Sir Frank Lascelles
|British Ambassador to Germany|
|Preceded by||Sir Edward Malet|
|Succeeded by||Sir Edward Goschen|
|British Ambassador to Russia|
|Preceded by||Sir Robert Morier|
|Succeeded by||Sir Nicholas O'Conor|
|British Ambassador to Persia|
|Preceded by||Sir Henry Drummond Wolff|
|Succeeded by||Sir Mortimer Durand|
|Born||23 March 1841|
|Died||2 January 1920 (aged 78)|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Emma Olliffe|
|Relations||William Lascelles (father)|
|Alma mater||Harrow School|
Background and education
Lascelles was born in London, the fifth son of William Lascelles, himself the third son of Henry Lascelles, 2nd Earl of Harewood. His mother was Lady Caroline Howard, daughter of George Howard, 6th Earl of Carlisle. He was educated at Harrow and joined the Diplomatic Service in 1861.
Lascelles served in junior positions at the British embassies in Madrid, Paris, Rome, Washington D.C., and Athens. He was trained in the diplomatic service by Richard Lyons, 1st Viscount Lyons, and was a member of the Tory-sympathetic 'Lyons School' of British diplomacy. Lascelles was Consul-General in Egypt from 20 March to 10 October 1879, during the last years of the reign of Khedive Isma'il Pasha. In 1879 Lascelles became Consul-General in Bulgaria, which had been an autonomous principality since the Treaty of Berlin of 1878. He remained in Bulgaria until 1887, and was then Minister (similar to ambassador) to Romania from 1887 to 1891 and to Persia from 1891 to 1894, where his niece Gertrude Bell visited him, starting a lifelong passion for travel. He served briefly as Ambassador to Russia between 1894 and 1895, but in the latter year he was appointed to succeed Sir Edward Malet as Ambassador to Germany.
His tenure in Berlin saw the growing estrangement between Germany and the UK, and Lascelles notably had to deal with the effects of the Kruger telegram only days after his arrival. His relationship with Emperor Wilhelm II was always cordial but he was known to resent the policies of Chancellor Bernhard von Bülow. He resigned as ambassador in 1908 but continued to exercise influence over Anglo-German relations up until the First World War.
Lascelles was knighted KCMG in 1886, promoted to GCMG in 1892, appointed GCB in 1897, and GCVO in 1904 following King Edward VII's meeting with Emperor Wilhelm II at Kiel. He was admitted to the Privy Council in 1894.
In 1869 Lascelles married Mary Emma Olliffe (1845–1897), daughter of Sir Joseph Olliffe who was physician to the British Embassy in Paris. They had three children:
- William Frank Lascelles (21 March 1863 – 8 March 1913), married Lady Sybil Beauclerk (1871–1910), daughter of William Beauclerk, 10th Duke of St Albans.
- Gerald Claud Lascelles (19 July 1869 – 26 June 1919), married Cecil Raffo.
- Florence Caroline Lascelles (27 January 1876 – 9 December 1961), married Sir Cecil Spring Rice.
Lascelles survived his wife by over twenty years and died in 1920, aged 78. He is buried in Brompton Cemetery, London.
- Otte, T. G. (2011). The Foreign Office Mind: The Making of British Foreign Policy: 1865 – 1914. pp. 138–139.
- Otte, T. G. (2011). The Foreign Office Mind: The Making of British Foreign Policy: 1865 – 1914. pp. 155–156.
- Baring, Evelyn (1916). "Appendix: British Agents and Consuls-General in Egypt". Modern Egypt. 2. Macmillan. p. 574.
- "No. 24796". The London Gazette. 30 December 1879. p. 7636.
- "No. 25662". The London Gazette. 7 January 1887. p. 100.
- "No. 26189". The London Gazette. 4 August 1891. p. 4173.
- "No. 25554". The London Gazette. 29 January 1886. p. 440.
- "No. 26314". The London Gazette. 5 August 1892. p. 4425.
- "No. 26810". The London Gazette. 1 January 1897. p. 65.
- "No. 27704". The London Gazette. 12 August 1904. p. 5192.
- "No. 26509". The London Gazette. 4 May 1894. p. 2576.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Frank Lascelles.|
- Chirol, Valentine (1927). "Lascelles, Sir Frank Cavendish". In Davis, H. W. C.; Weaver, J. R. H. (eds.). Dictionary of National Biography: 1912–1921. Oxford University Press. pp. 323–324.
- "Lascelles, Rt Hon. Sir Frank (Cavendish)". Who Was Who. 1 December 2007.
| British Agent and Consul-General in Egypt
| Agent and Consul-General in the Principality of Bulgaria
Sir William White
| Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the King of Roumania
Sir John Walsham, 2nd Baronet
Sir Henry Drummond Wolff
| Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court of Persia
Sir Mortimer Durand
Sir Robert Morier
| British Ambassador to Russia
Sir Nicholas O'Conor
Sir Edward Malet
| British Ambassador to Germany
Sir Edward Goschen