Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio
Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio
|Location||428 Forest Ave. (house), 951 Chicago Ave. (studio), Oak Park, Illinois|
|Area||0.4 acres (0.16 ha)|
|Architect||Frank Lloyd Wright|
|Architectural style||Shingle Style|
|NRHP reference #||72000456|
|Added to NRHP||September 14, 1972|
|Designated NHL||January 7, 1976|
The Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio is a historic house designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright. It has been restored by the Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust to its appearance in 1909, the last year Frank Lloyd Wright lived there with his family. Frank Lloyd Wright purchased the property and built the home in 1889 with a $5,000 loan from his employer Louis Sullivan. He was 22 at the time, and recently married to Catherine Tobin. The Wrights raised six children in the home. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972 and declared a National Historic Landmark four years later.
The original 1889 structure was quite small. The home was extensively remodeled in 1895, when among other changes the kitchen was enlarged and converted to a dining room, the upstairs nursery was expanded and converted for use as Catherine's dayroom, and the Children's Playroom and a new kitchen were added to the back of the house. A second major addition was made in 1898, when the Studio and Connecting Corridor were built. In the Studio, Frank Lloyd Wright and associated architects like Walter Burley Griffin and sculptor Richard Bock advanced the Prairie School of Architecture and designed many notable structures, including the Robie House, Unity Temple, the Laura Gale home, and the Larkin building. After 1909, the Studio was converted into a residence for his wife and the younger children. Later on, the Home and Studio became an apartment building. In the 1960s it fell into disrepair as the owners began to neglect the property due to financial problems. The longtime roofing company entrusted by Frank Lloyd Wright, Oak Park-based Tuscher Roofing, took control of the property. In 1974, the structure was handed over to the National Trust for Historic Preservation and the 13-year restoration began.
The Home and Studio was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1976, and has received the American Institute of Architects' National Honor Award. It is owned by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, and has been restored, maintained, and operated as a museum by The Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust. Every May, the Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust hosts a housewalk of the home and studio and various private homes.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Home and Studio is located in one of three historic districts of Oak Park, Illinois. It is specifically found in the Frank Lloyd Wright-Prairie School of Architecture Historic District, which includes 27 Wright-designed structures as well as other historical and architecturally significant buildings.
Most of the sculptures on the exterior of the Home and studio were designed by Wright's friend and collaborator, Richard Bock. These include the two boulder figures flanking the entrance of the studio, which features a man crouching and breaking free from the ground beneath him. Bock also designed the stork capitals on the exterior loggia of the studio. The capitals signifies the tree of life, the book of knowledge, an architectural scroll, and two storks full of wisdom and fertility.
Wright's home included many sculptures on the interior which added to and contrasted with the anti-Victorian decor. These objects include a frieze from the Pergamon Altar and several sizes of Winged Victory of Samothrace as well as a bust of Beethoven.
- Frank Lloyd Wright Building Conservancy
- Frank Lloyd Wright-Prairie School of Architecture Historic District
- List of Frank Lloyd Wright works, chronological list of houses, commercial buildings and other works by Frank Lloyd Wright
- List of Frank Lloyd Wright works by location, covering 4 countries and 36 of the United States
- "Wright, Frank Lloyd, Home and Studio". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Abernathy, Ann; Thorpe, John G. (1988). The Oak Park Home and Studio of Frank Lloyd Wright. The Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust. pp. 4, 5, 33, 44, 46. ISBN 0-945635-00-1.
- Frank Lloyd Wright Home & Studio, NHL Database, National Historic Landmarks Program. Retrieved 20 February 2007.
- Twombly, Robert C. (1979). Frank Lloyd Wright: His Life and His Architecture. New York: John Wiley & Sons. p. 153. ISBN 9780471857976. Retrieved August 14, 2007.
- Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust (2001). Weil, Zarine, ed. Building a Legacy: The Restoration of Frank Lloyd Wright's Oak Park Home and Studio. San Francisco: Pomegranate. ISBN 9780764914614.
- Media related to Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio at Wikimedia Commons
- The Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. IL-1099, "Frank Lloyd Wright Home & Studio, 428 Forest Avenue & 951 Chicago Avenue, Oak Park, Cook County, IL", 7 photos, 17 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- High-resolution 360° Panoramas and Images of Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio | Art Atlas