Frank Palumbo

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Frank Palumbo
Born May 23, 1911
Died February 12, 1983(1983-02-12) (aged 71)
Merion Station, Pennsylvania
Spouse(s) Kippee Valez

Frank Palumbo (May 23, 1911 – February 12, 1983) was a restaurateur, local celebrity, humanitarian and power broker in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[citation needed]

He is best known as the owner of Palumbo's, an entertainment complex in South Philadelphia, Nostalgia's Restaurant and the Click Club.[1] In the city, he is still widely known for his philanthropy: donating animals to the Philadelphia Zoo, helping build youth programs and funding parades. He has been called "a supporter of politicians, ordinary folk and animals."[citation needed]

Palumbo expanded a boarding house his grandfather, Antonio Palumbo, had started in 1884 into an entertainment complex.[2] Palumbo held significant unofficial political power throughout the city.[citation needed]

In the 1940s and 1950s, Philadelphia was an important pop music center, with many bands and singers being made or broken in the city at Palumbo's clubs.[3]

Palumbo became well known for philanthropy throughout South Philadelphia. Disturbed by an article critical of the area, singer Mario Lanza penned a response which identified Palumbo as an unsung hero of the city. Lanza lauded Palumbo for taking thousands of orphans to the circus, arranging parades for visiting celebrities and buying animals for the zoo.[4]

Personal life[edit]

He was born on May 23, 1911.[5]

Palumbo was quiet and shy, often hiding in his office during major functions and banquets, only briefly emerging to meet with the guests.[6]

Palumbo's wife Vanda "Kippee" Bozzacco (1919–2003) was a former actress and, at Palumbo's side, became "one of Philadelphia's first ladies".[6]

Night clubs[edit]

Palumbo owned and operated numerous Philadelphia night clubs: Nostalgia's Restaurant and the legendary Click Club and Ciro's, along with Palumbo's, the Thirteen Club, the Hideaway, the S.A. Club and the 20th Century clubs all at 13th and Locust Streets, forming the heart of Philadelphia's nightclub district. By connecting all of the clubs through a series of doors, Palumbo operated all of them with a single hard to obtain liquor license, possible only through his political connections at the state Liquor Control Board.[7]

The Click Club featured the world's longest bar and a rotating stage large enough for two bands, so as to provide uninterrupted music. To promote the club's opening on Labor Day, 1946, the "Frank Palumbo Award" was created for the most valuable Philadelphia baseball player, as voted by Philadelphia sports writers. Schoolboy Rowe was selected for the award and Louis Prima was engaged to play. Prima was also planned to perform national anthem at the Phillies game earlier that day to promote the opening. Due to union rules, he was not allowed to play at the game, instead singing and awarding the trophy to Rowe. A banner plane advertised Prima's appearance that evening to great effect. 38,000 people showed up for the opening, 3,000 more than the stadium seated.[8]

Political influence[edit]

Palumbo's restaurant and clubs served as an unofficial "political nerve center in Philadelphia."[6][9] Though he never held elected office, Palumbo had unofficial power with South Philadelphia's Republican ward leaders[10] and allegedly served as the mob's "political fixer".[citation needed]

In the run up to U.S. entry into World War II and with growing numbers of Italian Jews in South Philadelphia's immigrant population, Palumbo organized protests by Italian American associations against growing racial intolerance in Italy.[11][12]

Mob tie allegations[edit]

Palumbo was the subject of regular insinuation and speculation. An Inquirer Magazine article in 1975 suggested that his intense need for privacy and philanthropic zeal may have been used to cover an unexplained secret life of some kind.[6] Unsubstantiated rumors of Mafia connections were common.[13][14]

Kefauver Committee hearings in 1950 connected Palumbo with mob numbers games, with his nightclub identified as the headquarters for roughly fifty of the city's numbers banks.[11]

Frank Sinatra and the fixed fight[edit]

Frank Sinatra was a long-time friend of Palumbo, frequently performing at his clubs. Palumbo was best man when Sinatra married Ava Gardner.[10]

In 1947, Sinatra turned to him for help with his image when press reports tied Sinatra to the Mafia. Together, they promoted a youth football league to provide an activity for urban children and generate positive press for them both.[citation needed]

Sinatra had been photographed in Cuba with top American mobsters at a mob wake, was widely accused of womanizing, and reportedly had assaulted a reporter. On 14 November 1947, Billy Fox threw a boxing match against Jake LaMotta at the request of the mob. LaMotta's manager, Al Silvani, was Sinatra's former bodyguard and friend. Fox was co-managed by Palumbo and Blinky Palermo, a mobster who ran Philadelphia's policy racket.[14][15]

As Sinatra and Palumbo were both threatened by the resulting investigation, they worked together to generate positive press coverage. Palumbo had been a long time supporter of the Pop Warner Junior Football Conference. Through Palumbo's dealings a "Santa Claus Bowl" was arranged. Philadelphia's "Venango Midgets" were renamed "Frank Palumbo's Clickets". They took on the newly formed, and thus "undefeated", "Frank Sinatra's Cyclones" in a game heavily promoted by the Philadelphia Daily News.[14]

The News cited a fictional nationwide bidding war for coverage with other newspapers, a planned (though likely impossible) appearance by Sinatra, alleged bids to host a planned 1948 bowl and the supposed support of Milton Berle, Al Jolson, Bob Hope, Mickey Rooney and Jimmy Durante. After the game, Palumbo drew the names of two players for trips to the Sugar Bowl, generating three more days of coverage as the News ran articles penned by one of the winners.[14]

Angelo Bruno[edit]

A 1950–1 U.S. Senate investigation into organized crime found that Palumbo's CR Club was the meeting place for some 50 of the Philadelphia mob's numbers game backers. Palermo escaped with a small fine for "impertinent ... sarcastic answers". Palumbo briefly evaded this subpoena before his lawyer Jake Kossmann got him cleared without charges. After the investigation, the Senate's file connecting Palumbo with Palermo disappeared.[14]

Kossmann was also the lawyer for Philadelphia mob boss Angelo Bruno,[citation needed] whose assassination on 12 March 1980 outside his home in South Philadelphia, took place immediately after dining with Kossmann. Kossmann was also a trustee for the Pop Warner Football League.[14]

A 1962 federal wiretap determined that Bruno's mob used the "secure" phone in Palumbo's for most of their dealings.[citation needed] A 1970s treasury agent who worked undercover in the mob called Palumbo its "political fixer".[14]

Famous starts helped[edit]

American Bandstand[edit]

A young Tony Mammarella landed his first job in broadcasting (at WFIL-AM) through Palumbo's connections. It was there that Mammarella met the young Dick Clark, with whom he would soon produce American Bandstand.[16]

Joey Bishop[edit]

Palumbo gave a first break to Joey Bishop, later to team up with Sinatra as part of the Rat Pack.[17]

Tom Foglietta[edit]

Philadelphia City Councilman and later U.S. ambassador to Italy Tom Foglietta was godfather to Palumbo's daughter said,

His friends go down to the restaurant, and if they want to talk, or they need a favor, Frank's there. They might ask his advice on how to go about getting elected. Frank can help them by letting the committeemen and ward leaders know that he thinks a certain candidate is a good one.[14]

Later years[edit]

Well beyond the Click Club's heyday, the restaurant remained popular. Sinatra visited the "black tie saloon" frequently[3] and mayor Frank Rizzo spent most evenings there during his rise to power, years in office and beyond.[9]

He died on February 12, 1983 in Merion Station, Pennsylvania.[5]

Honors[edit]

Two different parks named "Palumbo Park", at 10th and Fitzwater and at 7th and Catherine Streets in South Philadelphia's Bella Vista neighborhood, are named in Palumbo's honor.[18] The Academy at Palumbo, 1122 Catharine Street, is also named for him.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [http://www.rockabillyhall.com/DannyCedrone.html "Rockabilly Hall of Fame� – DANNY CEDRONE"]. Retrieved 28 October 2016.  replacement character in |title= at position 24 (help)
  2. ^ The Neglected Market – article at Penn's Department of Folklore and Folklife's Research Annex
  3. ^ a b Clooney, Nick (1998-07-15). "Nightclub debut didn't suit Funsy". The Cincinnati Post. E. W. Scripps Company. Archived from the original on 2004-11-27. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  4. ^ Mario Lanza, Modern Screen, September 1950.
  5. ^ a b Frank Palumbo in the U.S., Department of Veterans Affairs BIRLS Death File, 1850–2010; and Pennsylvania, Veteran Compensation Application Files, WWII, 1950–1966; and U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935–2014
  6. ^ a b c d Larry Kane's Philadelphia by Larry Kane, 2000. Temple University Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ISBN 1-56639-806-1.
  7. ^ Blavat, Jerry. You Only Rock Once: My Life in Music. Running Press, 2013.
  8. ^ Rose, Al. I Remember Jazz: Six Decades Among the Great Jazzmen. LSU Press, 1987.
  9. ^ a b "MEMOIR: Me and Frank" Philadelphia Weekly, Sept. 2005
  10. ^ a b Dubin, Murray (June 1996). South Philadelphia; Mummers, memories, and the Melrose Diner. Temple University Press. ISBN 1-56639-429-5. 
  11. ^ a b Luconi, Stefano. From Paesani to White Ethnics: The Italian Experience in Philadelphia. SUNY Press, 2001.
  12. ^ Luconi, S. Patterns of Prejudice, Vol. 35, issue 3, 2001, "The response of Italian Americans to Fascist antisemitism". DOI: 10.1080/003132201128811197.
  13. ^ Clooney, Nick (2003-04-08). "Saluting 50 years of songs from Rosie". The Cincinnati Post. E. W. Scripps Company. Archived from the original on 2005-12-04. Retrieved 2007-10-10. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h Frank Sinatra, A Thrown Fight, & The Rise of Pop Warner Football by David G. Tomlin.
  15. ^ Jeff Merron, ESPN.com. Page 2 – "Reel Life: 'Raging Bull'". Accessed 7 January 2008.
  16. ^ American Bandstand: Dick Clark and the Making of a Rock 'n' Roll Empire by John Jackson. Oxford University Press, USA, 1999. ISBN 0-19-513089-8.
  17. ^ Kram, Mark Jr. Philadelphia Magazine, "I Was a Mouse in the Rat Pack". Accessed 30 May 2008.
  18. ^ parksource.org. "Palumbo Park". Accessed 30 May 2008.
  19. ^ Durso, Fred Jr. 28 December 2006, South Philly Review, "The '06 Mix". Accessed 30 May 2008.