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Frank Joseph Perry Jr.
August 21, 1930
|Died||August 29, 1995 (aged 65)|
Manhattan, New York City, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||The Actors Studio |
University of Miami
|Employer||Westport Country Playhouse|
(m. 1958; div. 1971)
(m. 1977; div. 1992)
Virginia Brush Ford
|Relatives||Katy Perry (niece)|
Frank Joseph Perry Jr. (August 21, 1930 – August 29, 1995) was an American stage director and filmmaker. His 1962 independent film David and Lisa earned an Academy Award nomination for Best Director and Best Original Screenplay (written by his then-wife, Eleanor Perry). The couple collaborated on five more films including the cult classic The Swimmer starring Burt Lancaster, Diary of a Mad Housewife starring Carrie Snodgress, and the Emmy Award–nominated A Christmas Memory, which was based on a short story by Truman Capote and also adapted by his wife Eleanor. Perry went on to form Corsair Pictures, which was privately financed by United Artists Theatres, producing two film flops, Miss Firecracker and A Shock to the System, before folding. His later films include the Razzie Award–nominee Joan Crawford biographical drama Mommie Dearest and the documentary On the Bridge, about his battle with prostate cancer.
Frank Joseph Perry Jr. was born in New York City, to stockbroker Frank Joseph Perry Sr. and Pauline E. Schwab, who worked at Alcoholics Anonymous. As a teenager, Frank Jr. began pursuing his interest in the theater with a job as a parking lot attendant for the Westport Country Playhouse in nearby Westport, Connecticut. He attended the University of Miami. Frank also studied under Lee Strasberg in New York. He produced several plays at Westport Country Playhouse and then turned for a time to producing television documentaries.
A veteran of the Korean War, he returned to the entertainment industry after being discharged and made his directorial debut in 1962 with the low-budget drama film David and Lisa. Based on the novel by Theodore Isaac Rubin, the screenplay was written by his wife, Eleanor Rosenfeld, who received a nomination for an Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay. A character study of two emotionally disturbed teenagers, the film was successful at the box office and met with much critical acclaim, earning him a nomination for an Academy Award for Directing. Both Perrys would eventually join the select group of non-actors awarded membership in Actors Studio. Perry went on to direct and produce a number of films, many based on literary sources or with strong literary associations, including The Swimmer (1968) based on a John Cheever story, Last Summer (1969), and Trilogy (1969), written by Truman Capote.
Perry is known for his character studies involving a dysfunctional family, such as that in his wife's script of the Sue Kaufman novel Diary of a Mad Housewife (1970). That film earned a Best Actress Oscar nomination for Carrie Snodgress, and Play It as It Lays (1972), starring Tuesday Weld, brought her a Golden Globe Best Actress nomination. Both of these films Perry produced and directed, though he is probably best remembered for directing the notorious 1981 low-budget biographical drama Mommie Dearest, an adaptation of a biography by actress Joan Crawford's adoptive daughter, which portrayed the famous movie star as a crazed, sadistic control freak and fraud who cared more about money and fame than family. The film became a cult classic despite mixed reviews from critics; it also won the Razzie Award for worst picture and Frank Perry was nominated for worst director, while actress Faye Dunaway received the Razzie booby prize for her performance.
Some of Perry's film-related material and personal papers are held at the Wesleyan University Cinema Archives, a collection to which scholars and media experts from around the world today have full access.
Personal life and death
In 1958, Frank married his first wife Eleanor, who was 15 years his senior. Frank and Eleanor collaborated on many screen projects, including screenwriting the Academy Award-nominated 1962 David and Lisa. They divorced in 1971 on grounds of incompatibility. In 1979, Eleanor Perry wrote the novel Blue Pages, based on their relationship. She died of cancer two years later, at age 66.
In 1977, Perry married his second wife, Barbara Goldsmith, founding editor of New York magazine and book author (Little Gloria … Happy at Last), whom he divorced in 1992. Soon after, he married his Aspen ski instructor, 22-years-younger Virginia Brush Ford, on June 15, 1992. His sister is pastor Mary Christine Perry, the wife of pastor Maurice Keith Hudson and mother of singers Katy Perry and David Hudson.
Perry died of prostate cancer on August 29, 1995, eight days after his 65th birthday, at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in Manhattan. His final film, On the Bridge (1992), is an autobiographical documentary about his illness. His ashes were scattered on the mountains of Aspen, Colorado, where he lived the last three years of his life.
Author Justin Bozung, who has been researching Perry's life since 2013, is currently writing an official biography titled Character Is Story: The Life & Films of Frank Perry. The book is due to be released in 2021.
|Title||Year||Credited as||Production Company||Distributor||Ref|
|David and Lisa||1962||Yes||Lisa and David Company||Continental Distributing|
|Ladybug Ladybug||1963||Yes||Yes||Francis Productions||United Artists|
|The Swimmer||1968||Yes||Yes||Horizon Pictures||Columbia Pictures|
|Last Summer||1969||Yes||Yes||Francis Productions||Allied Artists|
|Trilogy||1969||Yes||Yes||Francis Productions||Allied Artists|
|Diary of a Mad Housewife||1970||Yes||Yes||Frank Perry Films||Universal Pictures|
|Doc||1971||Yes||Yes||Frank Perry Films||United Artists|
|Play It as It Lays||1972||Yes||Yes||Frank Perry Films||Universal Pictures|
|Man on a Swing||1974||Yes||Jaffilms||Paramount Pictures|
|Rancho Deluxe||1975||Yes||Elliott Kastner Productions||United Artists|
|Mommie Dearest||1981||Yes||Yes||Frank Yablans Presentations||Paramount Pictures|
|Monsignor||1982||Yes||Frank Yablans Presentations||20th Century Fox|
|Compromising Positions||1985||Yes||Yes||C.P. Productions||Paramount Pictures|
|Hello Again||1987||Yes||Yes||Touchstone Pictures||Buena Vista Pictures|
|Miss Firecracker||1989||Yes||Corsair Pictures||Corsair Pictures|
|A Shock to the System||1990||Yes||Corsair Pictures||Corsair Pictures|
|On the Bridge||1992||Yes||Yes||Yes||Frank Perry Films||Frank Perry Films|
|Series||Episode||Year||Credited as||Production Company||Network||Ref|
|Playwright at Work||All episodes||1961||Yes||National Educational Television and Radio Center|
|ABC Stage 67||A Christmas Memory||1966||Yes||Yes||Francis Productions||American Broadcasting Company|
|TV Movie||Among the Paths to Eden||1967||Yes||Yes||Francis Productions||American Broadcasting Company|
|TV Movie||The Thanksgiving Visitor||1967||Yes||Yes||Francis Productions||American Broadcasting Company|
|TV Movie||Miriam||1970||Yes||Yes||Francis Productions||American Broadcasting Company|
|TV Movie||Dummy||1979||Yes||The Königsberg Company||Columbia Broadcasting System|
|Skag||Pilot||1980||Yes||Lorimar Productions||National Broadcasting Company|
|TV Movie||J.F.K.: A One-Man Show||1984||Yes||Public Broadcasting Service||Public Broadcasting Service|
- "Mrs. Frank J. Perry, 56, Alcoholics Anonymous Aide". The New York Times. March 13, 1965.
- Fleming, Charles (March 15, 1988). "Frank Perry to head new film company". Los Angeles Herald-Examiner.
- "Lost & Found: Name: Frank Perry Description: Film Director Last Seen: On the ski lift". Variety. January 4, 1993.
- "Perry, Frank". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
- Garfield, David (1980). "Strasberg Takes Over: 1951–1955". A Player's Place: The Story of The Actors Studio. New York: MacMillan Publishing Co. p. 93. ISBN 0-02-542650-8.
Various directors and playwrights, including Frank Corsaro, Martin Fried, Jack Garfein, Michal V. Gazzo, Charles Gordone, Israel Horovitz, Arthur Penn, Eleanor Perry, Frank Perry, Sidney Pollack, Mark Rydell, Alan Schneider, and John Stix, have also been granted membership on the basis of their contributions to the life and work of The Actors Studio, as have certain other non-performers, such as Liska March and Carl Schaeffer.
- "Cinema Archives". Wesleyan University. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
- Oliver, Myrna (September 1, 1995). "Obituaries : Frank Perry; Director of 'David and Lisa'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Lawson, Carol (March 17, 1981). "Eleanor Perry Dies". The New York Times.
- Robinson, Lisa (May 3, 2011). "Katy Perry's Grand Tour". Vanity Fair. Advance Publications.
- Friedlander, Noam (2012). Katy Perry. Sterling Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4549-0364-2.
- Gussow, Mel (August 31, 1995). "Frank Perry, 65, the Director Who Filmed 'David and Lisa'". The New York Times. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- Smith, Liz (September 7, 1995). "Douglas Behaves to Save Marriage". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
- "Kool Kat of the Week: Author and Filmmaker Frank Perry's Official Biographer Justin Bozung Dishes on Atlanta's Frank Perry Retrospective Presented by Videodrome". ATLRetro. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
- "Tough Guys Don't Dance". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
- Beaver, Jim (November 1981). "Frank Perry". Films in Review.
- Ebiri, Bilge (August 25, 2008). "Domestic Disturbances. The unsung cinema of Frank and Eleanor Perry". Moving Image Source.
- Mandarano, Matthew. "Along the Bridge: The Films of Frank Perry". Notes on a Film.