Tinney with son Frank, Jr. in Everybody's Magazine (January–June, 1921)
|Born||Frank Aloysius Robert Tinney
March 29, 1878
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Died||November 28, 1940
Northport, New York, U.S.
|Cause of death||Pulmonary condition|
|Resting place||Holy Cross Cemetery, Yeadon, Pennsylvania|
|Spouse(s)||Edna Davenport (m. 1913–26)|
Frank Aloysius Robert Tinney (March 29, 1878 – November 28, 1940) was an American blackface comedian and actor.
Tinney achieved considerable success in vaudeville and on Broadway in the early 20th century. Comedian Joe Cook considered Tinney, "the greatest natural comic ever developed in America." Tinney's career and marriage were ruined after he was accused of beating his mistress, Ziegfeld girl Imogene "Bubbles" Wilson in May 1924. Although he was never formally charged, the ensuing publicity ruined his reputation.
Tinney suffered a number of health problems after the scandal and eventually had a nervous breakdown. He never regained his health and died in November 1940.
Tinney was born in Philadelphia the third of four children raised by Hugh Francis and Mary (née Carroll) Tinney, both first generation Irish-Americans. As a boy, Tinney would later say, he sang in the choir until they found out what was the matter with the choir. He did perform with his brother Joseph at church and social functions and briefly one summer made an appearance on a vaudeville stage in a child act. His parents had hoped he would pursue a career in medicine, but instead as a young man Tinney found work as a chief lifeguard at Atlantic City, fire engine driver and undertaker’s assistant. His antics in the latter profession eventually led to an offer to join a traveling minstrel show.
By 1907 Tinney was performing at vaudeville venues in the United States and Canada. He made his New York debut in 1910 appearing in vaudeville shows headed by Gertrude Hoffman and later Eva Tanguay which led the following year to a spot in the Shubert brothers’ Revue of Revues at the Winter Garden Theatre. Tinney would appear in a number of Broadway hits over the subsequently dozen years of his career. He played Noah in A Winsome Widow, a 1912 Ziegfeld adaptation of Charles Hoyt’s A Trip to Chinatown. A Winsome Widow starred Emmy Wehlen and featured a very young Mae West. Tinney performed in the Ziegfeld Follies of 1913 and the musical revues, Watch You Step (1914/1915), The Century Girl (1916/1917) and Doing Our Bit (1917/1918). Tinney also recorded for Columbia Records; the appropriately titled "Frank Tinney's First Record" (Columbia 1854), consisting of jokes and Tinney arguing with his bandleader, became a hit in early 1916.
Tinney played himself as the central character in Tickle Me, a popular musical comedy that had a long run on Broadway and in subsequent tours between August 1919 and April 1922. Tinney opened the play with a skit playing his well-known blackface character before assuming the role of a Hollywood studio property manager. Afterward Tinney dropped blackface from his future acts. His last major Broadway hit was the Music Box Revue that had a run of 273 performances between September 1923 and May 1924.
Tinney appeared in at least two motion pictures, The Governor's Boss (1915) with former New York governor William Sulzer and Broadway After Dark (1924), starring Adolphe Menjou, Norma Shearer and Anna Q. Nilsson.
Marriage and children
On August 17, 1913, Tinney married Edna Davenport in a ceremony held at Hempstead, Long Island. Davenport was a singer and dancer who had appeared on vaudeville and burlesque stages in shows like The Girl in the Moulin Rouge (1899), A Scotch Highball (1905), Kernan and Rife’s Baltimore Beauties (1906) and Galliger and Shean’s The Girl From Paris (1910). She was the daughter of Millie Davenport, a one-time vaudeville star and later Broadway wardrobe supervisor, and a sister of Stella Jones, then known on the vaudeville stage as the Spanish dancer, La Estrellita.
Their son, Frank, Jr., was born in January 1918. He later appeared in the 1933 Cecil B. DeMille film This Day and Age, along with the namesake sons of actors Eric von Stroheim, Wallace Reid, Bryant Washburn, Carlyle Blackwell, Neal Hart and Fred Kohler. Tinney’s son later became a U. S. Air Force officer who saw service during World War II, Korea and Vietnam.
Affair with Imogene Wilson
On the night of May 29, 1924 Tinney was arrested at his home in Baldwin, Long Island and later transferred to Manhattan to face charges of brutally assaulting Ziegfeld Follies dancer Imogene Wilson. Earlier Wilson had appeared before New York City Magistrate Thomas McAndrews covered in bruises, claiming Tinney had attacked her after discovering her alone in her apartment with a newspaper reporter. Despite the physical evidence, a month later a grand jury refused to indict Tinney, apparently agreeing with his lawyer’s assessment that the incident was nothing more than a publicity stunt by Wilson.
Davenport filed for divorce on August 6, 1924, the same day Tinney sailed for England and some hours after an early morning incident in which he destroyed the camera of a press photographer attempting to take a picture of Tinney and Wilson as they were leaving a New York night spot. Wilson later had to be escorted off Tinney‘s passenger ship after ignoring the captain’s final All Aboard Who’s Going Abroad warning. She eventually followed Tinney to London, where the two resumed their abusive affair until Wilson was lured away with an offer to perform in German motion pictures. In 1941 Wilson would describe her affair with Tinney, that she said began when she was just fourteen as a "nonsensical mixture of fights and laughs, and half and half."
When Tinney returned to New York in 1925 he found that many of his friends had deserted him and that his popularity with the theater-going public had waned. His attempts to salvage his marriage eventually had come to naught by March 1926. Around this time Tinney began to experience a series of health issues, that began with complication from broken ribs suffered in a fall and a later nervous breakdown, that greatly hindered his attempts at a comeback. By 1930 Tinney was home in Philadelphia living with his father, his career virtually over.
Tinney died on November 28, 1940, of a pulmonary condition after a long stay at Veterans Hospital in Northport, Long Island. During his peak years, Tinney could command upwards to $1,500 a week from producers for his popular act. By the time of his death, Tinney’s wealth had all but disappeared; drained away by a divorce settlement, lawyer fees and medical bills.
- Leonard, William T., Masquerade in Black, 1986, p. 280 accessed November 27, 2012
- Who's Who in the Theatre, 1933, p. 1327
- Note. Tinney claimed March 29, 1886 on two passport applications and his bother Joseph recorded his age as 53 (one year off) on his Veterans Burial Card
- Frank Tinney, US Passport Application July 29, 1924- Ancestry.com
- Everybody's Magazine, January-June, 1921, p. 30 accessed November 15, 2012
- A Winsome Widow. The New York Times (New York City), April 9, 1912, p. 11
- Society Attends Sylvan Play. The New York Times (New York City), May 24, 1910, p. 9
- New Brighton Theatre Advertisement. The New York Times (New York City), July 4, 1910, p. 14
- Monthly Bulletin, National Commercial Gas Association, Volume 7, #3, March, 1916, P. 112
- Frank Tinney - Internet Broadway Database accessed November 8, 2012
- Frank Tinney - Internet Movie Databae accessed November 16, 2012
- Supreme Court Affidavit of Edna Davenport, The Girl in the Moulin Rouge (1899). State of New York, County of New York, 1909, p. 29
- A Scotch Highball, two-act farce comedy by Edward Balty. The Washington Post, (Washington, D.C.), August 20, 1905, P.32
- Baltimore Beauties advertisement. Reno Evening Gazette (Reno, Nevada), March 06, 1906, p. 5
- History of Tulare County, California, 1926, p.402
- The Californians - Volume 9, Grizzly Bear Publishing Company, 1991, P. 26
- Seven Sons of Famous Movie Actors. Sandusky Star Journal (Sandusky, Ohio), July 01, 1933, p. 2
- Frank Tinney 8 Jan 1918-6 Mar 1997 Ft. Sam Houston National Cemetery, S. Veterans Gravesites, ca.1775-2006 Ancestry.com
- Tinney Sued. New York Times (New York City), August 6, 1924, p.1
- Real Life Follies of Bubbles Wilson, San Antonio Light (San Antonio, Texas), October 19, 1941, p. 78
- Golden, Eve - Golden Images: 41 Essays on Silent Film Stars, p. 136, accessed November 13, 2012
- Tinney Arrested On Girl's Charge, The New York Times, May 29, 1924, p. 21; Grand Jury Lets Frank Tinney Off The New York Times, June 28, 1924, p. 15; Mrs. Tinney Gets Divorce; May Rewed, The New York Times, November 29, 1925, p. 26; Tinney Fights Alimony, The New York Times January 22, 1927 p. 30
- Frank Tinney, 53, Retired Comedian New York Times (New York City) November 29, 1940; p. 26
- Tinney's Divorce Absolute. New York Times (New York City) Mar 10, 1926 p. 25
- Frank Tinney Is Ill, Taken To A Hospital New York Times (New York City), October 3, 1926 p. 29
- Frank Tinney's Condition Serious. New York Times (New York City), October 18, 1926; p. 21
- "Death Takes Frank Tinney". Warsaw Union. November 30, 1940. p. 8. Retrieved January 20, 2013.
- Frank Kinney, 53 - Charleston Gazette (Charleston, West Virginia), November 29, 1940, p. 25
- Tinney, Frank- Pennsylvania, Veterans Burial Cards, 1777-1999, Ancestry.com