Frank Wootton (jockey)
|Born||14 December 1893
Glebe, Sydney, Australia
|Died||6 April 1940 
|Career wins||Record incomplete|
|Major racing wins|
|British Classic Race wins as jockey:
Epsom Oaks (1909)
St Leger Stakes (1910)
|British flat racing Champion Jockey 4 times (1909, 1910, 1911 1912)|
Francis Leonard Wootton (14 December 1893 – 6 April 1940), known as "Frank" or "Frankie", and sometimes referred to as "The Wonderboy", was an Australian horse racing jockey who had great success as a teenager in the Edwardian era when he was British champion for four successive years.
He was born in Australia, the eldest son of Richard Wootton, a "tall, dark-visaged, hard-bitten Australian". His brother was Stanley, another jockey, and later, trainer and jockey coach. The boys were subjected to a very strict regime during their youth; their father was determined they would become jockeys and allegedly denied them food.
Richard was sure Frank was ready to race ride from the age of 9, but Australian Jockey Club rules prohibited it. Thus, the Wootton family, together with another young prospective jockey, Bill "Midge" McLachlan, relocated to South Africa where age restrictions did not apply.
Frank was successful in South Africa immediately. His first victory was at Turffontein, still only aged nine, in October 1903. In fact, the two Wootton brothers, along with McLachlan, were, for a short time, to dominate South African racing. Briefly in 1906, the Woottons moved back to Australia, but Frank was still too young for a jockey's licence, so the family relocated again to Epsom, Surrey in 1906, where Richard had plans to set up a jockey academy.
After the move to England, Wootton was quick to pick up where he had left off in South Africa, getting his first win aged just 13. In 1908, he rode seven winners at the St. Leger meeting. By the age of 16 he was the youngest-ever champion jockey, having also won his first classic, the Oaks, on Perola. The next year he retained his title, having teamed up with what he considered the best horse he ever rode - the St. Leger and Eclipse winner Swynford. Now in his teens, he was showing what was called "miraculous dash and skill". He mainly rode in the cerise, gold and blue silks of his father, or the pale blue and maize hoops of owner Edward Hulton.
Wootton retained the title in each of the next two years. By then though, he had grown and was beginning to struggle with his weight. He also had a motorbike accident on Epsom Downs, slightly fracturing his collarbone. Rumours of imminent retirement began to start circulating in 1912, accompanied by denials from Wootton himself. When he could meet the weight, though, he was still winning races. He rode 10 winners at Glorious Goodwood in 1911, seven winners at Royal Ascot in 1912 and in one particular week in August 1913, he rode eight consecutive winners.
By the end of 1913, however, the strain of keeping his weight down had become too much and Wootton all but retired. He took to training a few lower-grade horses but his burgeoning training career was curtailed by the advent of World War I during which he served with the British Expeditionary Force in Mesopotamia, where he managed to race as well.
Returning from the war, Wootton turned to National Hunt racing, where the requirement to meet low weights is less. It has been said that he did not make a success of this but earlier sources deemed him a brilliant rider over hurdles, who "took his place among the champions almost immediately", albeit with an initial unfair advantage of a 5 lb allowance as a new jumps jockey.
Ultimately, he became a trainer, sending out over 100 winners from his father's former yard. He returned to Australia in 1933, but he suffered continued illness, attributed to his race falls and to the wasting regime of his riding years. He began to drink and on 6 April 1940, was convicted of drunkenness. Later that day, whilst in jail, he suffered a traumatic epileptic fit and died. He was buried in a Catholic ceremony in Botany Cemetery.
Selected other races
Total winners by season
- Ryan 2005.
- "Is he an Aussie?..." Auckland Star. Auckland, New Zealand. 3 March 1945. p. 6. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- J. A. Ryan, 'Wootton, Francis Leonard (Frank) (1893–1940)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/wootton-francis-leonard-frank-13286/text3817, published first in hardcopy 2005, accessed online 7 August 2016.
- "History: The McLachlans". Freedman Racing. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Wootton, Frank (1894 - 1940)". National Horseracing Museum. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Frank Wootton injured". Marlborough Express. Marlborough, New Zealand. 13 August 1911. p. 5. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Wootton is not retiring". Evening Post. Wellington, New Zealand. 7 October 1912. p. 4. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Frank Wootton's success". Wairarapa Daily Times. Wairarapa, New Zealand. 18 August 1913. p. 5. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Frank Wootton Retires". Marlborough Express. Whangarei, New Zealand. 10 November 1913. p. 2. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Wootton's retirement". Northern Advocate. Whangarei, New Zealand. 14 November 1913. p. 5. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
- "Occasionally race meetings were planned and the various divisions would send representatives. Frank Wooton [sic], the well-known jockey, was a despatch-rider, and usually succeeded in getting leave enough to allow him to ride some general's horses." War in the Garden of Eden, by Kermit Roosevelt, Captain, Motor Machine-Gun Corps, British Expeditionary Forces (New York 1919), p.145
- "A century of racing - 50 greatest flat jockeys". The Racing Post. 17 May 1999. Retrieved 19 September 2016.
- Ryan, J. A. Australian Dictionary of Biography, q.v 'Wootton, Francis Leonard (Frank) (1893–1940)'. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 23 April 2013.