Frank de Jong
Frank De Jong
|Leader of the Yukon Green Party|
|Preceded by||Kristina Calhoun|
|Succeeded by||Party dissolved|
|Leader of the Green Party of Ontario|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Mike Schreiner|
|Born||October 16, 1955|
West Luther Township, Ontario
|Political party||Green (federal)|
|Ontario Green (1983-2014)|
Yukon Green (2016-2019)
Frank de Jong (born October 16, 1955 in West Luther Township, northeast of Arthur, Ontario) is a Canadian politician, environmentalist, and elementary school teacher. He joined the Green Party of Ontario in 1987 and became the party's first official leader in 1993 – a position he held until November 14, 2009, when he was replaced by Mike Schreiner. From 2017 to 2019 he was the leader of the Yukon Green Party. De Jong has also campaigned for federal office as a member of the Green Party of Canada.
Education and activism
Born into a Dutch background, De Jong earned a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Western Ontario in 1978, and a Bachelor of Education from University of Ottawa in 1979. After graduating, he worked as an elementary school teacher. He developed an interest in environmental concerns during the mid-1980s, and became involved in campaigns to save Ontario's old growth forests. He was also involved in the anti-nuclear, renewable energy and pro-choice movements. De Jong now resides in Huntsville, Ontario with his partner Tove Christensen.
The Ontario Green Party did not originally have a formal leadership structure, and was run in a very decentralized manner (nominal leaders were sometimes chosen for elections, but they had no personal authority over party decisions). De Jong and others opposed this approach, and successfully campaigned for a formal leadership contest in 1993. De Jong himself entered this contest, and defeated Jim Harris, who later became leader of the Green Party of Canada. De Jong supported Harris's leadership of the federal party until Harris stepped down in 2006, at which time de Jong supported David Chernushenko's leadership bid. He was challenged for the leadership of the Ontario Green Party by Judy Greenwood-Speers in 2001.
Like Harris, de Jong is an eco-capitalist. He defines his political philosophy as "socially progressive, fiscally conservative, and environmentally aware". He has long supported conservative economic policies, including a gradual shift from the taxation of incomes to the taxation of natural resources. Recently, he has also spoken against extensive government subsidies and funding for crown corporations.
At the October 2005 Green Party of Ontario Annual General Meeting, de Jong narrowly avoided a "leadership review" when 67% of voting members voted against it. The GPO constitution requires that a leadership review be held bi-annually; If more than one-third of voting members had opted for a review, a leadership race would have been held in 2006. At the 2007 AGM, de Jong survived the next scheduled review, this time with approximately 71% support from party members. This followed what was considered the strongest election performance by the GPO to date. Speaking at the Green Party of Ontario AGM in May 2009, de Jong announced that he will not be running for re-election as leader of the party.
In the September 14, 2006, Parkdale—High Park by-election, de Jong received 6.2 percent of the vote. On November 7, 2006, he was nominated as the GPO candidate in the riding of Davenport for the 2007 Ontario general election. In that election, de Jong captured 10.26 percent of the vote, his best showing as a member of the Green Party.
De Jong was a candidate for Ward 18 in Toronto's 2010 municipal election.
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De Jong has campaigned for federal and provincial office several times. His best showing was in the provincial election of 2003, when he ran against sitting Premier Ernie Eves and finished third, ahead of the New Democratic Party candidate. On all other occasions, de Jong has finished well behind candidates of the major parties.
During the 1995 provincial campaign, de Jong cycled on a "leader's tour" from Ottawa to Sault Ste. Marie, Windsor and Niagara Falls before returning northward to Ottawa. Subsequently, he was involved in creating constituency contact lists throughout the province.
His electoral record is as follows:
|1988 Canadian federal election: Rosedale|
|Progressive Conservative||David MacDonald||22,704||41.36||-11.44|
|New Democratic||Doug Wilson||8,266||15.06||-2.77|
|Green||Frank de Jong||397||0.72||-1.15|
|Commonwealth of Canada||Paul Therrien||33||0.06||-0.27|
|Total valid votes||54,893||100.00|
|1990 Ontario general election: Ottawa East|
|New Democratic||Lori Lucier||6,103||23.28||+7.07|
|Progressive Conservative||Diana Morin||2,203||8.40||−1.13|
|Family Coalition||Richard Hudon||826||3.15|
|Green||Frank de Jong||723||2.76|
|Total valid votes||26,218||98.78|
|Total rejected ballots||324||1.22|
|Lynn Smyth (X)||1,817|
|Frank De Jong||482|
|1993 Canadian federal election: Ottawa—Vanier|
|Progressive Conservative||Marie-Christine Lemire||4,486||10.13||-13.07|
|New Democratic||Willie Dunn||2,935||6.62||-9.36|
|Green||Frank de Jong||606||1.37|
|Natural Law||Roger Bouchard||414||0.93|
|Abolitionist||Steven Edward White||28||0.06|
|Total valid votes||44,302||100.00|
|Ottawa—VanierCanadian federal by-election, February 13, 1995:|
|Progressive Conservative||Françoise Guenette||1,899||9.57||−0.96||$30,933|
|New Democratic Party||Bob Lawson||1,259||6.34||−0.16||$5,764|
|Christian Heritage||Gilles Gauthier||299||1.51||$1,751|
|Green||Frank de Jong||218||1.10||−0.24||$0|
|Natural Law||Ian A.G. Campbell||109||0.55||−0.35||$131|
|Total valid votes||19,843||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||201|
|Electors on the lists||65,824|
|1995 Ontario general election: Nepean|
|Progressive Conservative||John Baird||17,510||49.66||$40,800.37|
|New Democratic||John Sullivan||3,274||9.29||$15,380.57|
|Green||Frank de Jong||390||1.11||$0.00|
|Natural Law||Brian E. Jackson||259||0.73||$0.00|
|Total valid votes||35,260||100.00|
|Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots||363|
|Electors on the lists||54,832|
|1997 Canadian federal election: Ottawa Centre|
|New Democratic||Jamey Heath||13,646||23.73||+1.07|
|Progressive Conservative||Peter Annis||9,391||16.33||+4.45|
|Green||Frank de Jong||855||1.49||+0.30|
|Canadian Action||Howard Bertram||236||0.41|
|Natural Law||Neil Paterson||211||0.37||-0.34|
|Independent||Ray Joseph Cormier||91||0.16|
|Total valid votes||57,500||100.00|
|1999 Ontario general election: Parkdale—High Park|
|Progressive Conservative||Annamarie Castrilli||12,647||30.17|
|New Democratic||Irene Atkinson||4,937||11.78|
|Green||Frank de Jong||500||1.19|
|Family Coalition||Stan Grzywna||289||0.69|
|Independent||Jorge Van Schouwen||99||0.24|
|Natural Law||Lynne Hea||99||0.24|
|Total valid votes||41,918||100.0|
|Source: Elections Ontario|
|Progressive Conservative||Ernie Eves||29,222||56.64||-8.12|
|Green||Frank De Jong||3,161||6.13||3.68|
|New Democratic||Mitchel Healey||3,148||6.1||+2.13|
|Family Coalition||Dave Davies||1,202||2.33|
|Progressive Conservative||John Tory||15,610||56.3||-|
|New Democratic||Lynda McDougall||3,881||14.0|
|Green||Frank de Jong||2,767||10.0|
|Family Coalition||Paul Micelli||479||1.7||-|
|Ontario provincial by-election, September 14, 2006: Parkdale—High Park|
|New Democratic||Cheri DiNovo||11,677||41.04||+25.27|
|Progressive Conservative||David Hutcheon||4,921||17.29||+1.11|
|Green||Frank De Jong||1,753||6.16||-0.77|
|Family Coalition||Stan Grzywna||367||1.29||-0.2|
|Total valid votes||28,456||100.0|
|Source: Elections Ontario|
|Ontario provincial by-election, January 12, 2007 by-election: Burlington|
|Progressive Conservative||Joyce Savoline||11,143||48.98||+2.83|
|New Democratic||Cory Judson||1,310||5.76||-2.46|
|Green||Frank de Jong||734||3.23||+0.90|
|Total valid votes||22,748||100.00|
|2007 Ontario general election: Davenport|
|New Democratic||Peter Ferreira||10,880||36.49||+7.12|
|Green||Frank de Jong||3,047||10.22||*|
|Progressive Conservative||Antonio Garcia||2,805||9.41||+2.11|
|Family Coalition||Gustavo Valdez||157||0.53|
|Total valid votes||29,813||100.00|
2010 Toronto municipal election, Ward 18: Davenport
|Frank de Jong||869||6.057%|
|2011 Ontario general election: Davenport|
|New Democratic||Jonah Schein||14,367||45.93||+9.44|
|Progressive Conservative||Kirk Russell||2,480||7.93||-1.48|
|Green||Frank de Jong||855||2.73||-7.49|
|Human Rights||Alix Thompson||82||0.26|
|The Only Party||Kiros Ghiwot||33||0.11|
|Total valid votes||31,279||100.00|
|Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots||178||0.57|
|New Democratic gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.93|
|Source: Elections Ontario|
|2015 Canadian federal election: Yukon|
|New Democratic||Melissa Atkinson||3,943||19.43||+5.06||–|
|Green||Frank de Jong||533||2.63||-16.28||–|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||20,291||100.0||$210,779.30|
|Total rejected ballots||94||–||–|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+10.92|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|Yukon Party||Stacey Hassard||280||42.3%||-7.1%|
|Green||Frank de Jong||22||3.3%||+3.3%|
- Cohen, Sidney (August 31, 2016). "Yukon Greens run record number of candidates". Whitehorse, Yukon: Whitehorse Daily Star. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
- Green Party of Ontario Leader Profile Archived February 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- "Green leader gets 71 per cent support". Toronto Star, November 26, 2007.
- "Frank de Jong to step down as Green party leader". Toronto Star, May 23, 2009.
- Davenport Green Party nominates de Jong, Green Party of Ontario news release, November 8, 2006.
- Reynolds, Christopher (December 18, 2014). "Whitehorse Daily Star: Local man pursues NDP nomination". Whitehorsestar.com. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
- Forrest, Maura (September 2, 2016). "De Jong takes over Green Party leadership as candidates step forward". Yukon News. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
- Rudyk, Mike (November 2, 2016). "Yukon's Greens hope to boost the youth vote". www.cbc.ca. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
- Chief Returning Officer of Ontario. "Parkdale—High Park General Election of June 3, 1999". Summary of Valid Ballots by Candidate. Elections Ontario. Archived from the original on March 17, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Chief Returning Officer. "Parkdale–High Park By-election 2006". Summary of Valid Ballots Cast for each Candidate. Toronto: Elections Ontario. Archived from the original on December 27, 2011. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- "Official return from the records / Rapport des registres officiels - Davenport" (PDF). Elections Ontario. 2011. Retrieved June 5, 2014.[permanent dead link]
- "Yukon - October 19, 2015 Official Voting Results". Elections Canada. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
- Elections Canada – Final Candidates Election Expenses Limits
| Leader of the Yukon Green Party
2016 - 2019
| Leader of the Green Party of Ontario
1993 – November 2009