|• Lord Mayor||Martin Hebich (CDU)|
|• Total||43.78 km2 (16.90 sq mi)|
|Elevation||96 m (315 ft)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
In the second half of the 16th century, people from Flanders, persecuted for their religious beliefs, settled in Frankenthal. They were industrious and artistic and brought economic prosperity to the town. Some of them were important carpet weavers, jewellers and artists whose Frankenthaler Malerschule ("Frankenthal school of painting") acquired some fame. In 1577 the settlement was raised to the status of a town by the Count Palatine Johann Casimir.
In 1600 Frankenthal was converted to a fortress. In 1621 it was besieged by the Spanish during the Thirty Years' War, and then successively occupied by troops of the opposing sides. Trade and industry were ruined and the town was not reconstructed until 1682.
However, in 1750, under the rule of the Elector (Kurfürst) Charles Theodore, Frankenthal was established as a centre of industry. Numerous factories were opened and mulberry trees were planted for silk production. In 1755 the famous Frankenthal porcelain factory was opened, which remained in production until 1800.
The beginning of modern industrialisation is dated from 1859.
In 1943 during a bombing raid the centre of the town was almost completely destroyed. In 1945, at the end of World War II, its industries in ruins, it was occupied first by the Americans and then by the French.
From 1946 Frankenthal has been part of the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. Today the town is again the site of some medium-sized industries.
Number of inhabitants
- 1850: 4.767
- 1900: 16.899
- 2000: around 50.000
- 2015: 48.363
Frankenthal is twinned with:
- Colombes, France since October 26, 1958
- Strausberg, Germany (Brandenburg) since October 16, 1990
- Sopot, Poland since April 17, 1991
Sons and daughters of the town
- Abraham Heidanus (1597-1678), a reformed theologian
- Esther Moscherosch née Ackermann (1602-1632), wife of the statesman and baroque poet Johann Michael Moscherosch
- Jacob Marrel (1614-1681), still life painter
- Johann Philipp Becker (1809-1886), revolutionary
- Georg Vierling (1820-1901), composer (dedication of the Vierlingstrasse )
- Konrad Maurer (1823-1902), a Bavarian legal historian
- Julius von Michel (1843-1911), ophthalmologist
- Richard Reverdy (1851-1915), civil engineer
- Karl Wendling (1857-1918), pianist and music pedagogue
- Karl Perron (1858-1928), opera singer
- Franz Nissl (1860-1919), neurologist and psychiatrist
- August von Parseval (1861-1942), designer of airships (dedication of the Parsevalplatz)
- Hermann Wilker (1874-1941), rower
- Oskar Perron (1880-1975), mathematician
- Ludwig Marum (1882-1934), lawyer and politician, victims of the Holocaust
- Arnold Fanck (1889-1974), director and pioneer of the mountain film
- Paul Martini (1889-1964), medical doctor
- Carl Neubronner (1892-1961), politician
- Georg Gehring (1903-1943), wrestler
- Karl Huber (1904-1965), politician and trade unionist
- Josef Frank (1906-1971), politician (SPD)
- Werner Knab (1908-1945), jurist and SS leader
- Hans Carste (1909-1971), composer and conductor
- Adolf Metzner (1910-1978), Leichtathlet
- Rudi Fischer (1925-2012), Football goalkeeper
The family name "Frankenthal" is attested among people scattered in many countries - especially among Jews - and indicates an ultimate origin of the family in the town, though it might be centuries old and leaving no memory other than the name.
- "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
- "Frankenthal". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
- "Frankenthal". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921.