|Franklin's gull in Calgary, Alberta|
(Wagler, 1831, Mexico)
The Franklin's gull (Leucophaeus pipixcan) is a small (length 12.6–14.2 in, 32–36 cm) gull. The genus name Leucophaeus is from Ancient Greek leukos, "white", and phaios, "dusky". The specific pipixcan is a Nahuatl name for a type of gull.
The summer adult's body is white and its back and wings are much darker grey than all other gulls of similar size except the larger laughing gull. The wings have black tips with an adjacent white band. The bill and legs are red. The black hood of the breeding adult is mostly lost in winter.
Young birds are similar to the adult but have less developed hoods and lack the white wing band. They take three years to reach maturity.
Although the bird is uncommon on the coasts of North America, it occurs as a rare vagrant to northwest Europe, south and west Africa, Australia and Japan, with a single record from Eilat, Israel, in 2011 (Smith 2011).
They are omnivores like most gulls, and they will scavenge as well as seeking suitable small prey.
The birds breed in colonies near prairie lakes with the nest constructed on the ground, or sometimes floating. The two or three eggs are incubated for about three weeks.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Larus pipixcan". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- "Franklin's Gull". All about birds.
- Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 224. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Gray, Jeannie; Fraser, Ian (2013). Australian Bird Names: A Complete Guide. CSIRO Publishing. p. 122. ISBN 978-0643104693.
- Gochfeld, Burger (March 9, 2009). "Franklin's Gull". Franklin's Gull - Bird of North America Online. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leucophaeus pipixcan.|
|Wikispecies has information related to: Leucophaeus pipixcan|
- Franklin's gull videos, photos, and sounds at the Internet Bird Collection
- Franklin's Gull Species Account – Cornell Lab of Ornithology
- Franklin's Gull - Larus pipixcan – USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter
- Stamps (for Marshall Islands) with Americas' RangeMap
- Franklin's gull photo gallery at VIREO (Drexel University)
- Franklin's Gull article photo 1 of 3 write-up and photos