Franklin, Pennsylvania

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Franklin, Pennsylvania
City of Franklin
Downtown Franklin
Downtown Franklin
Nickname(s): 
The Victorian City
Location of Franklin in Venango County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Franklin in Venango County, Pennsylvania.
Franklin, Pennsylvania is located in Pennsylvania
Franklin, Pennsylvania
Franklin, Pennsylvania
Location within the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Coordinates: 41°23′52″N 79°49′53″W / 41.39778°N 79.83139°W / 41.39778; -79.83139Coordinates: 41°23′52″N 79°49′53″W / 41.39778°N 79.83139°W / 41.39778; -79.83139
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyVenango
Settled1740s
Platted1795
Incorporated (borough)1828
Incorporated (city)1868
Named forBenjamin Franklin
Government
 • MayorDoug Baker
Area
 • Total4.80 sq mi (12.44 km2)
 • Land4.68 sq mi (12.11 km2)
 • Water0.13 sq mi (0.33 km2)  1.70%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,545
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
6,013
 • Density1,285.65/sq mi (496.39/km2)
 • Demonym
Franklinite
Time zoneUTC–5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC–4 (EDT)
ZIP code
16323
FIPS code42-27456
WebsiteCity website

Franklin is a city in Venango County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 6,078 in the 2018 census. It is the county seat of Venango County. Franklin is part of the Oil City, PA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Franklin is known for its three-day autumn festival in October, Applefest, which attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors.

History[edit]

Franklin is located at the confluence of French Creek and the Allegheny River, an important site used for centuries by Native Americans. They had long before developed what became known as the Venango Path, passing from the head of French Creek north to Presque Isle Bay on Lake Erie. Via French Creek and the Allegheny River, the portage effectively linked the waterways of the Ohio River and the Great Lakes.

In 1740, Scottish fur trader John Fraser built a trading post here at Venango, the Lenape village. The French also had designs on this region.

They wanted to link their colonies of New France (Quebec) north of the Great Lakes, in Illinois Country (accessible via the Ohio River}, and La Louisiane, on the lower Mississippi River. As tensions increased between France and Great Britain prior to the onset of the French and Indian War (as the North American front of the Seven Years' War was called), the French constructed four forts to control their continued access to the Venango Path and these important waterways. From north to south they were Fort Presque Isle, Fort Le Boeuf (at the south end of the portage and head of French Creek), Fort Machault, and Fort Duquesne, at the Forks of the Ohio.

In December 1753, George Washington, then a 21-year-old major in the Virginia militia, was sent to Fort Le Boeuf to warn the French that they were trespassing on British land and should leave. Although providing respite to Washington and his party, the fort commander gave him a letter suggesting that the Governor of Virginia should instead deliver his message to the French commander in Quebec, New France.[3]

The French maintained this and their other three forts, including at Fort Machault until July 1759, when they surrendered Fort Niagara to the British. At that time, the commander of Fort Presque Isle sent orders to the commanders of Fort Le Boeuf and Fort Machault to abandon their positions and return north. Before leaving, the French troops burned both of these forts to the ground to prevent their use by the British.

In 1760, the British erected Fort Venango here, replacing Fort Marchault. In 1763, Native Americans allied with the French killed many British. The British colonists had repeatedly attacked even neutral tribes, such as the Lenape, who then mostly allied with the French. After the war, the British Americans constructed Fort Franklin here, named after Benjamin Franklin.

In 1787 Andrew Ellicott, who surveyed Washington, D.C., was hired to lay out the town of Franklin, which had developed around the fort. It became a trading center for a largely rural, agricultural region. Once oil was discovered in the late 19th century in nearby Titusville, Franklin became a booming oil town. After other fields were discovered in Texas and Oklahoma, and oil companies moved west, Franklin developed an industry of machinery companies.[4]

Geography[edit]

Franklin is located at 41°23′52″N 79°49′53″W / 41.39778°N 79.83139°W / 41.39778; -79.83139 (41.3978, -79.8314).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12 km2), of which 4.6 square miles (12 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.70%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Franklin, Pennsylvania (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1897–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 73
(23)
74
(23)
90
(32)
93
(34)
97
(36)
101
(38)
106
(41)
104
(40)
100
(38)
90
(32)
81
(27)
74
(23)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 33.7
(0.9)
36.3
(2.4)
45.6
(7.6)
59.7
(15.4)
70.9
(21.6)
78.7
(25.9)
82.7
(28.2)
81.2
(27.3)
74.2
(23.4)
61.4
(16.3)
49.0
(9.4)
38.1
(3.4)
59.3
(15.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 26.0
(−3.3)
27.5
(−2.5)
35.5
(1.9)
47.4
(8.6)
58.5
(14.7)
67.1
(19.5)
71.1
(21.7)
69.8
(21.0)
62.9
(17.2)
51.1
(10.6)
40.3
(4.6)
31.2
(−0.4)
49.0
(9.4)
Average low °F (°C) 18.3
(−7.6)
18.7
(−7.4)
25.4
(−3.7)
35.2
(1.8)
46.1
(7.8)
55.5
(13.1)
59.6
(15.3)
58.3
(14.6)
51.7
(10.9)
40.8
(4.9)
31.7
(−0.2)
24.3
(−4.3)
38.8
(3.8)
Record low °F (°C) −30
(−34)
−27
(−33)
−22
(−30)
0
(−18)
20
(−7)
28
(−2)
33
(1)
36
(2)
23
(−5)
15
(−9)
0
(−18)
−14
(−26)
−30
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.27
(83)
2.66
(68)
3.36
(85)
4.15
(105)
4.00
(102)
4.86
(123)
5.32
(135)
4.24
(108)
3.94
(100)
3.76
(96)
3.41
(87)
3.36
(85)
46.33
(1,177)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 17.9
(45)
11.5
(29)
8.9
(23)
1.1
(2.8)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.6
(6.6)
11.7
(30)
53.7
(136)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 17.9 14.7 14.2 14.3 14.5 13.6 12.3 11.6 11.2 14.9 14.1 16.9 170.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 9.4 7.5 4.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 6.0 29.6
Source: NOAA[5][6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810159
182025258.5%
183041062.7%
184059545.1%
185093657.3%
18601,30339.2%
18703,876197.5%
18805,01029.3%
18905,82716.3%
19007,16723.0%
19109,76736.3%
19209,9702.1%
193010,2542.8%
194010,187−0.7%
195010,006−1.8%
19609,586−4.2%
19709,127−4.8%
19808,643−5.3%
19907,926−8.3%
20007,156−9.7%
20106,545−8.5%
20206,077−7.2%
Sources:[7][8][9]

As of the census[8] of 2018, there were 6,078 people, 2,989 households, and 1,814 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,560.2 people per square mile (602.7/km2). There were 3,293 housing units at an average density of 709.8 per square mile (274.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.18% White, 3.19% African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.

There were 2,989 households, out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,818, and the median income for a family was $34,718. Males had a median income of $32,912 versus $21,178 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,234. About 13.6% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Allegheny River Trail

DeBence Antique Music World

St John's Episcopal Church

Sports[edit]

In 1903, the city was the home of the Franklin Athletic Club, one of the earliest professional football teams. That season, the team was unofficially recognized as the "US Football Champions"[15] and later won the 1903 World Series of Football, held that December at Madison Square Garden.[16] The team included several of the era's top players, such as: Herman Kerchoff, Arthur McFarland, Clark Schrontz, Paul Steinberg, Pop Sweet, Eddie Wood, and coach Blondy Wallace.[17]

Among other sporting accomplishments, Franklin Area High School has won two state basketball championships. In 2001 and 2006, the boys team, playing in PIAA Class AAA District 10, defeated Allentown Central Catholic out of District 11 and Communications Tech from District 12 (Philadelphia Public League), respectively.[18]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ Nos racines, l'histoire vivante des Québécois, Éditions Comémorative, Livre-Loisir Ltée. p457
  4. ^ "Franklin History". franklinpa.gov. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  5. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  6. ^ "Station: Franklin, PA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  8. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  10. ^ "Explore Central Elementary School in Franklin, PA".
  11. ^ "Explore Sandycreek Elementary School in Franklin, PA".
  12. ^ "Victory Elementary School".
  13. ^ Info at greatschools.net
  14. ^ "Search for Schools in Valley Grove School District". Great Schools. Retrieved 2008-12-07.
  15. ^ PFRA Research. "Franklin's Hired Guns: 1903" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association: 1–3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-26.
  16. ^ Carroll, Bob (1980). "The First Football World Series" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association. 2 (Annual): 1–8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-18.
  17. ^ *Smith, William R. (1981). "Franklin's World Champion Football Team" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association. 3 (Annual): 1–4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-27.
  18. ^ Rebel, Don (2006-03-22). "2006 PIAA Basketball Finals Preview". MSA Sports Network. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-12-07.

External links[edit]