Franklin County, Alabama
|Founded||February 6, 1818|
|Named for||Benjamin Franklin|
|• Total||647 sq mi (1,680 km2)|
|• Land||634 sq mi (1,640 km2)|
|• Water||13 sq mi (30 km2) 2.0%|
|• Density||50/sq mi (19/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Franklin County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2020 census, the population was 32,113. Its county seat is Russellville. Its name is in honor of Benjamin Franklin, famous statesman, scientist, and printer. It is a dry county, although the city of Russellville is wet.
Franklin County was established on February 6, 1818.
Colbert County was originally established on February 6, 1867 after it split from Franklin County over political issues after the American Civil War. It was abolished eight months later by an Alabama constitutional convention and then reestablished on February 24, 1870.
Many musicians and songwriters are from Franklin County including Billy Sherrill, Ricky Pierce, Eddie Martin and many others.
- Colbert County (north)
- Lawrence County (east)
- Winston County (southeast)
- Marion County (south)
- Itawamba County, Mississippi (southwest)
- Tishomingo County, Mississippi (northwest)
National protected area
- U.S. Highway 43
- State Route 13
- State Route 17
- State Route 19
- State Route 24
- State Route 172
- State Route 187
- State Route 237
- State Route 241
- State Route 243
- State Route 247
|U.S. Decennial Census|
At the 2000 census there were 31,223 people, 12,259 households, and 8,949 families living in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km2). There were 13,749 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.68% White (non-Hispanic), 4.21% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 4.62% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 5.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 12,259 households 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.00% were non-families. 24.50% of households were one person and 12.10% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.97.
The age distribution was 24.50% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males.
The median household income was $27,177 and the median family income was $34,274. Males had a median income of $27,497 versus $18,631 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,814. About 15.20% of families and 18.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.60% of those under age 18 and 24.10% of those age 65 or over.
At the 2010 census there were 31,704 people, 12,286 households, and 8,741 families living in the county. The population density was 57 people per square mile (22 km2). There were 14,022 housing units at an average density of 21.7 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 83.0% White (non-Hispanic), 3.9% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 10.5% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. 14.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 12,286 households 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.9% were non-families. 26.1% of households were one person and 12.3% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.05
The age distribution was 24.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% 65 or older. The median age was 37.8 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.3 males.
The median household income was $33,942 and the median family income was $44,352. Males had a median income of $31,997 versus $22,747 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,094. About 14.9% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.
There are two school systems and one community college in Franklin County; Russellville City Schools and Franklin County Schools. Northwest Shoals Community College has a campus in Phil Campbell.
Russellville City Schools include:
- Russellville High School
- Russellville Middle School
- Russellville Elementary School (grades 3 - 5)
- West Elementary School (grades Kindergarten - 2)
Franklin County Schools include:
- Belgreen High School (grades K - 12)
- East Franklin Junior High School (grades K - 9)
- Phil Campbell High School (two separate buildings serving grades K - 12)
- Red Bay High School (grades K - 12)
- Tharptown High School (grades K-12)
- Vina High School (grades K - 12)
There is also the Franklin County Career-Technical Center, located next to Belgreen High School.
Like most rural counties in Alabama, Franklin County has gone solidly Republican in the 21st century, but it has flirted with the party at a federal level since the 1950s. In a pattern typical of most rural Alabama counties, Franklin County supported the Dixiecrats in 1948 and George Wallace in 1968, but unlike other counties, had been won by Republicans in 1956 and 1960, cracking the wall of the Solid South before full-fledged turnover in 1964 and beyond.
As is the case with most rural counties nationwide that supported Bill Clinton in the 1996 election, the county has turned on the Democratic Party. In the 2020 election, Donald Trump won convincingly over Joe Biden, 83–17, continuing a backsliding trend for Democratic candidates in the rural South.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Franklin County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Franklin County, Alabama
- "QuickFacts: Franklin County, Alabama; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 131.
- "Colbert County Website". Retrieved May 16, 2007.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2015.
- "Russellville City Schools Website". Archived from the original on April 3, 2007.
- "Franklin County Schools Website".
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 16, 2016.
- Franklin County, Alabama
- Franklin County Chamber of Commerce
- Bay Tree Council for the Performing Arts