Franklin County, Arkansas

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Franklin County
Tugboat drifts down the Arkansas River paralleling a set of railroad tracks while both cross under a long bridge with concrete and steel arches in front of the Ozark Mountains in the background
A dark red brick rectangular two and a half-story courthouse hidden behind large trees with a tall flagpole in the front yard
A Moderne-style brick and stone rectangular courthouse structure with a clock tower and flagpole on the right side. The large rectangular windows of the second level reflect a bright blue sky with large white clouds
A small, square fieldstone shelter with a roof at the end of a hiking trail. Looking over the edge of the fieldstone retaining wall is the dark green treetops of the Ozark National Forest as the sun sets behind a cloudy sky
Historic log cabin structure built atop a historic hand-dug wine cellar with a concrete patio now serving as the winery's restaurant
Looking across the Arkansas River from an overlook on Reed Mountain, the flat farmlands of the Arkansas River Valley stands in stark contrast to the mountain itself. Trees, roads, and homes are scattered along the river bottoms, and elevation slowly rises in the distance. Far in the background are the outlines of mountains in the orange-red sunset-colored sky
Clockwise from top: The Ozark Bridge over the Arkansas River, Franklin County Courthouse in Ozark, the Wiederkehr Wine Cellar near Altus, Sunset from Reed Mountain overlooking the Arkansas River Valley, Overlook at White Rock Mountain in the Ozark National Forest, Franklin County Courthouse in Charleston
Flag of Franklin County
Map of Arkansas highlighting Franklin County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°31′15″N 93°52′33″W / 35.520833333333°N 93.875833333333°W / 35.520833333333; -93.875833333333
Country United States
State Arkansas
FoundedDecember 19, 1837
Named forBenjamin Franklin
SeatOzark (northern district);
Charleston (southern district)
Largest cityOzark
Area
 • Total620 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Land609 sq mi (1,580 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (30 km2)  1.7%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total18,125
 • Estimate 
(2019)
17,715
 • Density29/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th

Franklin County is a county in Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,125.[1] The county has two county seats, Charleston and Ozark.[2] The county was formed on December 19, 1837, and named for Benjamin Franklin,[3] American statesman. To the north of the Arkansas River, which bisects Franklin County, the county is wet and alcohol is sold in liquor stores, bars and local vineyards. To the south of the Arkansas River, the county is dry.

History[edit]

Franklin County was carved out of Crawford County in December 1837. At that time, Franklin was significantly larger than it is at present, encompassing part of present-day Logan County which was formed in 1871.

Initially, the county had a single courthouse at Ozark. To promote economic growth in the county, federal land grants were made in 1853 to incentivize the construction and operation of the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad. From receivership in 1875 after a railroad debt crisis, it was reorganized as the Little Rock and Fort Smith Railway.[4] A number of towns were established in the 1890s on the north bank of the river along its right of way. Many farmers purchased land that had been owned by the railway. After complaints about how difficult it was to cross the river at times, a second courthouse was established at Charleston for citizens in the settlements south of the river, sometime in the 1890s, probably after 1892 since "Charleston" did not appear in an 1893 railroad map in all capital letters as "OZARK" did.[4] In 1906 the railway was acquired by the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern Railway. In 1917 the line became a backbone of the MoPac, which merged into the Union Pacific Railroad in 1982.

The reality television show, The Simple Life, starring Nicole Richie and Paris Hilton was filmed in Altus in 2003.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 620 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 609 square miles (1,580 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.7%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18402,665
18503,97249.0%
18607,29883.7%
18709,62731.9%
188014,95155.3%
189019,93433.3%
190017,395−12.7%
191020,63818.6%
192019,364−6.2%
193015,762−18.6%
194015,683−0.5%
195012,358−21.2%
196010,213−17.4%
197011,30110.7%
198014,70530.1%
199014,8971.3%
200017,77119.3%
201018,1252.0%
2019 (est.)17,715[6]−2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2016[1]
Age pyramid Franklin County[11]

2020 census[edit]

Franklin County racial composition[12]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 15,201 88.91%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 78 0.46%
Native American 199 1.16%
Asian 162 0.95%
Pacific Islander 10 0.06%
Other/Mixed 956 5.59%
Hispanic or Latino 491 2.87%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 17,097 people, 6,723 households, and 4,537 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[13] there were 17,771 people, 6,882 households, and 4,961 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 inhabitants per square mile (11/km2). There were 7,673 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.17% White, 0.62% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,882 households, out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,848, and the median income for a family was $36,189. Males had a median income of $27,907 versus $18,822 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,616. About 10.60% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over.


Government[edit]

Over the past few election cycles, Franklin County has trended heavily towards the GOP. The last Democrat (as of 2020) to carry this county was Arkansas native Bill Clinton in 1996.

United States presidential election results for Franklin County, Arkansas[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,677 79.63% 1,300 18.24% 152 2.13%
2016 5,039 74.43% 1,376 20.32% 355 5.24%
2012 4,631 70.81% 1,726 26.39% 183 2.80%
2008 4,411 68.12% 1,869 28.86% 195 3.01%
2004 4,181 57.36% 3,008 41.27% 100 1.37%
2000 3,277 53.37% 2,674 43.55% 189 3.08%
1996 2,246 36.30% 3,269 52.83% 673 10.88%
1992 2,495 37.04% 3,217 47.76% 1,024 15.20%
1988 3,588 58.93% 2,458 40.37% 43 0.71%
1984 4,382 64.04% 2,399 35.06% 62 0.91%
1980 3,448 53.66% 2,716 42.27% 262 4.08%
1976 1,973 34.76% 3,703 65.24% 0 0.00%
1972 3,678 74.60% 1,252 25.40% 0 0.00%
1968 1,333 29.02% 1,149 25.02% 2,111 45.96%
1964 1,580 36.76% 2,685 62.47% 33 0.77%
1960 1,631 43.48% 2,025 53.99% 95 2.53%
1956 1,137 41.03% 1,614 58.25% 20 0.72%
1952 1,215 40.74% 1,762 59.09% 5 0.17%
1948 391 18.69% 1,591 76.05% 110 5.26%
1944 457 27.75% 1,188 72.13% 2 0.12%
1940 319 16.60% 1,601 83.30% 2 0.10%
1936 345 15.35% 1,890 84.11% 12 0.53%
1932 275 12.30% 1,896 84.83% 64 2.86%
1928 774 36.53% 1,329 62.72% 16 0.76%
1924 422 23.05% 1,188 64.88% 221 12.07%
1920 769 32.15% 1,502 62.79% 121 5.06%
1916 582 25.74% 1,679 74.26% 0 0.00%
1912 258 14.75% 1,113 63.64% 378 21.61%
1908 565 27.40% 1,311 63.58% 186 9.02%
1904 593 34.94% 968 57.04% 136 8.01%
1900 485 25.74% 1,367 72.56% 32 1.70%
1896 424 18.99% 1,746 78.19% 63 2.82%


Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Franklin County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [15] [16] [17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 131.
  4. ^ a b Map of Franklin County, Arkansas; showing the land grant of the Little Rock & Fort Smith Railway. United States. General Land Office. Little Rock & Fort Smith R.R. Co. Published: Washington, 1893. Accessed 3 February 2022.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  11. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 1, 2022.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  15. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Franklin County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
  16. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
  17. ^ "Franklin County townships map, 1930". Arkansas Digital Archives. Retrieved February 3, 2021.

Further reading[edit]

  • Shropshire, Lola. Franklin County, Arkansas: Images of America, Arcadia Publishing, 128 pages, Aug 2000 ISBN 0-7385-0882-9

Coordinates: 35°31′15″N 93°52′33″W / 35.52083°N 93.87583°W / 35.52083; -93.87583