Franklin County, Arkansas

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Franklin County, Arkansas
Franklin County Courthouse, Charleston, AR.jpg
Franklin County Courthouse, Charleston
Map of Arkansas highlighting Franklin County
Location in the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location in the U.S.
Founded December 19, 1837
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Seat Ozark (northern district);
Charleston (southern district)
Largest city Ozark
Area
 • Total 620 sq mi (1,606 km2)
 • Land 609 sq mi (1,577 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (28 km2), 1.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 17,626
 • Density 30/sq mi (10/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,125.[1] The county has two county seats, Charleston and Ozark.[2] The county was formed on December 19, 1837, and named for Benjamin Franklin,[3] American statesman. To the north of the Arkansas River, which bisects Franklin County, the county is wet and alcohol is sold in liquor stores, bars and local vineyards. To the south of the Arkansas River, the county is dry.

History[edit]

Franklin County was carved out of Crawford County in December 1837. At that time, Franklin was significantly larger than it is at present, encompassing part of present-day Logan County which was formed in 1871.

Initially, the county had a single courthouse at Ozark. Later, after complaints about how difficult it was to cross the river at times, a second courthouse was established at Charleston, sometime in the 1890s.

The reality television show, The Simple Life, starring Nicole Richie and Paris Hilton was filmed in Altus in 2003.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 620 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 609 square miles (1,580 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (1.7%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18402,665
18503,97249.0%
18607,29883.7%
18709,62731.9%
188014,95155.3%
189019,93433.3%
190017,395−12.7%
191020,63818.6%
192019,364−6.2%
193015,762−18.6%
194015,683−0.5%
195012,358−21.2%
196010,213−17.4%
197011,30110.7%
198014,70530.1%
199014,8971.3%
200017,77119.3%
201018,1252.0%
Est. 201617,626[5]−2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2016[1]
Age pyramid Franklin County[10]

As of the 2000 census,[11] there were 17,771 people, 6,882 households, and 4,961 families residing in the county. The population density was 29 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 7,673 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.17% White, 0.62% Black or African American, 0.80% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 1.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,882 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.80% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,848, and the median income for a family was $36,189. Males had a median income of $27,907 versus $18,822 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,616. About 10.60% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.20% of those under age 18 and 15.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Franklin County, Arkansas
vote by party in presidential elections [12]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 74.43% 5,039 20.32% 1,376 5.24% 355
2012 70.81% 4,631 26.39% 1,726 2.80% 183
2008 68.12% 4,411 28.86% 1,869 3.01% 195
2004 57.36% 4,181 41.27% 3,008 1.37% 100
2000 53.37% 3,277 43.55% 2,674 3.08% 189
1996 36.30% 2,246 52.83% 3,269 10.88% 673
1992 37.04% 2,495 47.76% 3,217 15.20% 1,024
1988 58.93% 3,588 40.37% 2,458 0.71% 43
1984 64.04% 4,382 35.06% 2,399 0.91% 62
1980 53.66% 3,448 42.27% 2,716 4.08% 262
1976 34.76% 1,973 65.24% 3,703
1972 74.60% 3,678 25.40% 1,252 0.00% 0
1968 29.02% 1,333 25.02% 1,149 45.96% 2,111
1964 36.76% 1,580 62.47% 2,685 0.77% 33
1960 43.48% 1,631 53.99% 2,025 2.53% 95
1956 41.03% 1,137 58.25% 1,614 0.72% 20
1952 40.74% 1,215 59.09% 1,762 0.17% 5
1948 18.69% 391 76.05% 1,591 5.26% 110
1944 27.75% 457 72.13% 1,188 0.12% 2
1940 16.60% 319 83.30% 1,601 0.10% 2
1936 15.35% 345 84.11% 1,890 0.53% 12
1932 12.30% 275 84.83% 1,896 2.86% 64
1928 36.53% 774 62.72% 1,329 0.76% 16
1924 23.05% 422 64.88% 1,188 12.07% 221
1920 32.15% 769 62.79% 1,502 5.06% 121
1916 25.74% 582 74.26% 1,679 0.00% 0
1912 14.75% 258 63.64% 1,113 21.61% 378
1908 27.40% 565 63.58% 1,311 9.02% 186
1904 34.94% 593 57.04% 968 8.01% 136
1900 25.74% 485 72.56% 1,367 1.70% 32
1896 18.99% 424 78.19% 1,746 2.82% 63

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Franklin County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 26, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2015. 
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016. 
  13. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Franklin County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-25. 
  14. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 28, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Shropshire, Lola. Franklin County, Arkansas: Images of America, Arcadia Publishing, 128 pages, Aug 2000 ISBN 0-7385-0882-9

Coordinates: 35°31′15″N 93°52′33″W / 35.52083°N 93.87583°W / 35.52083; -93.87583