Franklin County, Idaho

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Franklin County, Idaho
Franklin County Courthouse, Preston, Idaho.jpg
Franklin County Courthouse, Preston
Seal of Franklin County, Idaho
Seal
Map of Idaho highlighting Franklin County
Location in the U.S. state of Idaho
Map of the United States highlighting Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
Founded January 20, 1913
Named for Franklin D. Richards
Seat Preston
Largest city Preston
Area
 • Total 668 sq mi (1,730 km2)
 • Land 664 sq mi (1,720 km2)
 • Water 4.7 sq mi (12 km2), 0.7%
Population
 • (2010) 12,786
 • Density 19/sq mi (7/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Website franklincountyidaho.org

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 Census the county had a population of 12,786.[1] The county seat and largest city is Preston.[2] The county was established in 1913 and named after Franklin D. Richards, an Apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[3] It is the only Franklin County in the United States that is not named after Benjamin Franklin.

Franklin County is part of the Logan, UT-ID Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Idaho's oldest permanent non-native settlement occurred at Franklin on April 14, 1860 when Mormon settlers led by Thomas S. Smart established the settlement at its present location on the Cub River. It was the seventh and northernmost settlement in the Cache Valley at the time of its settlement and was believed to be in Utah until the Idaho boundary with Utah was finalized in 1872.[4] All of the county's incorporated cities were settled by 1868 with Oxford settled in 1864, Weston in 1865, Dayton in 1868, Clifton in 1869, and Preston by 1868. The Bear River Massacre took place in present-day Franklin County on January 29, 1863.[5][6]

While the settlers at Franklin were effectively governed by Utah Territory until 1872, the settlers were actually located within Washington Territory from 1860 to 1863 and not within the boundary of any county until Shoshone was created in 1861. They became part of Idaho County in 1861, and Boise in 1863. And finally, under Idaho Territory, they briefly became part of Owyhee County before being transferred to Oneida County in 1864. At the 1870 census, the three Franklin County precincts were enumerated in Cache County, Utah, containing 1,053 residents.[7] In 1885, the northern portion of the county was transferred to Bingham County at its creation. At the 1890 Census, Bingham and Oneida Counties returned five precincts of Dayton, Franklin, Oxford, Preston, and Treasureton with 4,969 residents.[8] The Oxford and Treasureton precincts were transferred to Bannock County at its establishment in 1893. Bannock County retained the Oxford precinct and renamed the Treasureton Precinct as Cleveland. By 1900, Oneida contained seven precincts that would later be entirely within Franklin County. Together, the nine precincts comprised a population of 6,566 at that time.[9] The Cleveland and Treasureton areas were transferred to Franklin County in 1918. The portion of the Thatcher area in Franklin County remained within Bannock County until 1946.[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 668 square miles (1,730 km2), of which 664 square miles (1,720 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.7%) is water.[11]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 8,650
1930 9,379 8.4%
1940 10,229 9.1%
1950 9,867 −3.5%
1960 8,467 −14.2%
1970 7,373 −12.9%
1980 8,895 20.6%
1990 9,232 3.8%
2000 11,329 22.7%
2010 12,786 12.9%
Est. 2016 13,406 [12] 4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2014[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 11,329 people, 3,476 households, and 2,874 families residing in the county. The population density was 17 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 3,872 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.11% White, 0.11% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.42% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 5.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.6% were of English, 15.2% American, 9.1% Danish, and 8.8% German ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 3,476 households out of which 48.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.60% were married couples living together, 5.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.30% were non-families. 16.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.24 and the average family size was 3.64.

In the county, the population was spread out with 37.30% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 24.20% from 25 to 44, 17.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 99.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,061, and the median income for a family was $40,185. Males had a median income of $30,071 versus $21,077 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,702. About 5.40% of families and 7.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.00% of those under age 18 and 5.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,786 people, 4,079 households, and 3,259 families residing in the county.[18] The population density was 19.3 inhabitants per square mile (7.5/km2). There were 4,528 housing units at an average density of 6.8 per square mile (2.6/km2).[19] The racial makeup of the county was 94.4% White, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.1% Asian, 3.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.6% of the population.[18] In terms of ancestry, 34.6% were English, 11.5% were German, 11.0% were Danish, 8.0% were American, and 7.2% were Swedish.[20]

Of the 4,079 households, 44.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.6% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.1% were non-families, and 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 3.11 and the average family size was 3.56. The median age was 31.5 years.[18]

The median income for a household in the county was $45,682 and the median income for a family was $50,586. Males had a median income of $41,208 versus $25,717 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,967. About 9.4% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.[21]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Previous Presidential Elections Results[22]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 70.9% 3,901 7.0% 385 22.1% 1,213
2012 92.8% 5,195 5.8% 325 1.4% 80
2008 83.7% 4,246 11.8% 600 4.5% 228
2004 89.6% 4,527 9.0% 456 1.4% 71
2000 84.7% 3,594 12.1% 513 3.2% 136
1996 62.6% 2,435 20.7% 807 16.7% 650
1992 52.2% 2,115 12.9% 524 34.9% 1,411
1988 77.3% 2,992 20.8% 806 1.9% 73
1984 87.2% 3,261 11.7% 439 1.1% 42
1980 85.3% 3,669 11.9% 511 2.8% 121
1976 67.8% 2,720 28.8% 1,157 3.4% 135
1972 71.6% 2,787 15.7% 611 12.7% 495
1968 66.1% 2,509 21.9% 831 12.0% 455
1964 60.3% 2,400 39.7% 1,583
1960 66.1% 2,633 33.9% 1,352
1956 70.3% 2,795 29.7% 1,181
1952 73.3% 3,252 26.6% 1,181 0.1% 3
1948 53.2% 2,028 46.2% 1,763 0.6% 22
1944 49.7% 1,950 50.2% 1,971 0.1% 4
1940 49.0% 2,069 51.1% 2,158
1936 38.0% 1,396 61.4% 2,255 0.5% 19
1932 48.5% 1,764 51.4% 1,871 0.2% 6
1928 58.7% 1,718 40.8% 1,193 0.5% 15
1924 51.9% 1,361 27.6% 723 20.6% 540
1920 64.2% 1,612 35.8% 899
1916 42.8% 1,089 56.0% 1,425 1.3% 32

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ Idaho.gov - Franklin County accessed May 29, 2009
  4. ^ "An Early History of Franklin". franklinidaho.org. Retrieved February 14, 2017. 
  5. ^ Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1941. pp. 148, 176, 626, 946. Retrieved February 14, 2017. 
  6. ^ Judy, Clarence (1961). A History of Preston, Idaho. Provo: Brigham Young University. pp. 8, 10–11, 19. Retrieved February 14, 2017. 
  7. ^ Ninth Census--Volume I: The Statistics of the Population of the United States (PDF). Washington: Government Printing Office. 1872. p. 275. Retrieved February 15, 2017. 
  8. ^ Report on the Population of the United States at the Eleventh Census: 1890 (PDF). Washington: Government Printing Office. 1895. pp. 99–100. Retrieved February 15, 2017. 
  9. ^ Census Reports Volume I: Twelfth Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1900 (PDF). United States Census Office. 1901. pp. 110, 113. Retrieved February 15, 2017. 
  10. ^ Idaho Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. Chicago: The Newberry Library. 2010. pp. 27, 84–86, 95, 162, 176, 183, 231. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  18. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2016. 
  19. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2016. 
  20. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2016. 
  21. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 9, 2016. 
  22. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°11′N 111°49′W / 42.18°N 111.81°W / 42.18; -111.81