Franklin County, Illinois

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Franklin County, Illinois
Franklin County Courthouse in Benton.jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting Franklin County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 2, 1818
Named for Benjamin Franklin
Seat Benton
Largest city West Frankfort
Area
 • Total 431 sq mi (1,116 km2)
 • Land 409 sq mi (1,059 km2)
 • Water 23 sq mi (60 km2), 5.2%
Population
 • (2010) 39,561
 • Density 97/sq mi (37/km²)
Congressional district 12th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.franklincountyil.gov

Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 39,561.[1] Its county seat is Benton.[2] It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

History[edit]

Franklin County was established on January 2, 1818 and formed from parts of Gallatin and White counties. It was named for Benjamin Franklin.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 431 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 409 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 23 square miles (60 km2) (5.2%) is water.[4] Justin Kay State Recreation Area is located in this county.

Climate and weather[edit]

Benton, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.9
 
 
39
21
 
 
2.9
 
 
45
26
 
 
4.2
 
 
56
36
 
 
4.5
 
 
67
45
 
 
4.6
 
 
76
54
 
 
4.1
 
 
85
63
 
 
3.2
 
 
90
68
 
 
3
 
 
88
65
 
 
2.9
 
 
81
58
 
 
2.9
 
 
69
45
 
 
4.5
 
 
56
37
 
 
3.6
 
 
43
26
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Benton have ranged from a low of 21 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 90 °F (32 °C) in July, although a record low of −22 °F (−30 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in August 2007. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.87 inches (73 mm) in February to 4.59 inches (117 mm) in May.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

2000 census age pyramid for Franklin County
Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 1,763
1830 4,083 131.6%
1840 3,682 −9.8%
1850 5,681 54.3%
1860 9,393 65.3%
1870 12,652 34.7%
1880 16,129 27.5%
1890 17,138 6.3%
1900 19,675 14.8%
1910 25,943 31.9%
1920 57,293 120.8%
1930 59,442 3.8%
1940 53,137 −10.6%
1950 48,685 −8.4%
1960 39,281 −19.3%
1970 38,329 −2.4%
1980 43,201 12.7%
1990 40,319 −6.7%
2000 39,018 −3.2%
2010 39,561 1.4%
Est. 2016 39,156 [6] −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,561 people, 16,617 households, and 10,912 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 96.8 inhabitants per square mile (37.4/km2). There were 18,525 housing units at an average density of 45.3 per square mile (17.5/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 97.7% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.2% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 21.8% were German, 18.7% were Irish, 15.9% were English, 9.4% were American, and 5.7% were Italian.[12]

Of the 16,617 households, 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.3% were non-families, and 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 41.8 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,381 and the median income for a family was $43,170. Males had a median income of $39,122 versus $28,950 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,504. About 14.5% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.5% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Map of Franklin County, Illinois

Census-designated place[edit]

Townships[edit]

Franklin County is divided into twelve townships:

Education Services[edit]

Regional[edit]

Primary & Secondary[edit]

Higher Education[edit]

Specialized[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 70.1% 13,116 25.3% 4,727 4.6% 868
2012 57.3% 10,267 40.5% 7,254 2.2% 393
2008 50.3% 9,404 47.5% 8,880 2.3% 430
2004 53.7% 10,388 45.6% 8,816 0.8% 148
2000 44.2% 8,490 53.1% 10,201 2.7% 521
1996 30.8% 5,354 56.5% 9,814 12.6% 2,190
1992 25.6% 5,504 59.3% 12,744 15.1% 3,233
1988 40.9% 7,677 58.7% 11,023 0.4% 83
1984 47.4% 9,656 52.4% 10,667 0.3% 54
1980 49.0% 9,731 47.5% 9,425 3.5% 700
1976 36.5% 7,420 63.1% 12,818 0.4% 86
1972 54.0% 10,121 45.6% 8,545 0.3% 63
1968 42.9% 9,036 47.9% 10,095 9.2% 1,943
1964 35.9% 7,620 64.1% 13,581
1960 51.0% 11,861 48.9% 11,368 0.2% 37
1956 51.0% 11,761 49.0% 11,308
1952 49.3% 11,723 50.4% 11,981 0.3% 62
1948 43.9% 9,407 54.8% 11,750 1.3% 287
1944 49.0% 11,377 50.2% 11,663 0.8% 173
1940 45.1% 12,936 54.2% 15,523 0.7% 201
1936 40.2% 10,708 57.3% 15,254 2.5% 663
1932 32.5% 7,560 63.4% 14,754 4.2% 976
1928 45.8% 9,900 52.6% 11,369 1.6% 353
1924 39.6% 6,779 33.8% 5,791 26.6% 4,551
1920 51.1% 7,608 32.9% 4,894 16.0% 2,384
1916 46.4% 6,371 46.8% 6,419 6.8% 934
1912 36.1% 2,098 41.9% 2,435 22.0% 1,276
1908 48.5% 2,539 45.9% 2,401 5.6% 293
1904 50.0% 2,077 43.4% 1,801 6.6% 273
1900 48.0% 2,117 50.5% 2,226 1.5% 68
1896 47.4% 2,038 52.0% 2,233 0.6% 26
1892 44.3% 1,631 48.4% 1,782 7.4% 273

Until the 2000s Franklin County, owing to its strong Southern leanings and opposition to the “YankeeCivil War was Democratic-leaning. It voted for Republican Presidential nominees only in landslide GOP victories, and even Walter Mondale when he came within 3,819 votes of losing all fifty states in 1984 was able to carry Franklin County by 1,011 votes. However, since the turn of the century opposition to the Democratic Party’s liberal views on social issues has produced a powerful swing towards the Republican Party.[15] In 2016 Hilary Clinton did fifteen percent worse than any previous Democratic candidate, receiving only 25 percent of the county’s ballots.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Benton, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2015. 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2015. 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 11, 2015. 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  15. ^ Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times, April 24, 2014

Coordinates: 37°59′N 88°55′W / 37.99°N 88.92°W / 37.99; -88.92