Franklin Glacier Volcano

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Franklin Glacier Volcano
Franklin Glacier Volcano.jpg
Satellite image of Franklin Glacier Volcano
Highest point
Elevation 2,252 m (7,388 ft)
Listing List of volcanoes in Canada
List of Cascade volcanoes
Coordinates 51°20′N 125°24′W / 51.333°N 125.400°W / 51.333; -125.400Coordinates: 51°20′N 125°24′W / 51.333°N 125.400°W / 51.333; -125.400
Location British Columbia, Canada
Parent range Pacific Ranges
Age of rock Miocene
Mountain type Caldera[1][2]
Volcanic arc/belt Canadian Cascade Arc
Pemberton/Garibaldi Belt
Last eruption Pliocene

Franklin Glacier Volcano is a deeply eroded and huge 20 km (12 mi) long and 6 km (4 mi) wide caldera[1] complex in southwestern British Columbia, Canada, located east-southeast of the Silverthrone Caldera in the Hoodoo Creek and Franklin Glacier area on the northwest flank of the Waddington Massif of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains. Franklin Glacier Volcano consists of a series of dikes and high-level magma intrusions.



The still largely unexplained tectonic causes of the volcanism that has produced Franklin Glacier Volcano are a matter of ongoing research. Franklin is not above a hotspot as are Nazko or Hawaii. However, with the existence of andesite, basalt, and rhyodacite, it may be a product of the Cascadia subduction zone because such volcanic rocks are products of subduction volcanism.[3] At issue are the current plate configuration and rate of subduction but Franklin's chemistry indicates that Franklin is subduction related.[4][5]

Eruptive history[edit]

The eruptive history of Franklin Glacier Volcano is poorly known and poorly understood.[6] Franklin Glacier Volcano is considerably older than Silverthrone Caldera, its nearest prominent neighbour.[6] Potassium-argon dates from some of the high-level intrusions indicate Franklin Glacier Volcano has had at least two distinct eruptive events.[6] The first event began between six and eight million years ago, and the other between two and three million years ago, indicating Franklin Glacier Volcano has long periods of inactivity and has a period of activity about every three million years.[6] At least some intrusions of Franklin Glacier Volcano were sources for the two distinct volcanic events.[6] Volcanics include dacite breccia, minor lava flows, tuffs, and scarce remnants of hornblende andesite lava flows that reach thicknesses of 450 m (1,476 ft).[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Wood, Charles A.; Kienle, Jürgen (2001). Volcanoes of North America: United States and Canada. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-521-43811-7. OCLC 27910629. 
  2. ^ Geothermal Potential of Western Canada
  3. ^ USGS. "Washington State Volcanoes and Volcanics". Retrieved 2007-07-16. 
  4. ^ "Activity Sheet 2: Eruption Primer" (PDF). Petty M. Donna. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  5. ^ "Impact of varied slab age and thermal structure on enrichment processes and melting regimes in sub-arc mantle: Example from the Cascadia subduction system" (PDF). Nathan L., A. Krishna Sinha. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 19, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Catalogue of Canadian volcanoes: Franklin Glacier