Franklin House (Athens, Georgia)
Franklin House in 1936
|Location||464-480 E Broad Street, Athens, Georgia|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Architectural style||Early Commercial, Greek Revival, Federal|
|NRHP Reference #||74000667|
|Added to NRHP||December 11, 1974|
The Franklin House is a three-story brick historic building located at 464-480 East Broad Street, in Athens, Georgia. It was built in three phases between 1845 and 1860. Originally a mercantile building with an antebellum hotel on the upper floors, from 1865 to 1972 it was a hardware store. In the 1970s it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and in the 1980s it was restored and turned into office space. The second story of the Franklin House is currently under construction to build new apartments for students of the University of Georgia. Leasing will begin February 2015.
The structure's architecture displays elements of both Federal and Greek Revival styles. It has a saddle roof with gabled ends. Second floor doors originally opened onto a porch and a pedestrian bridge, neither of which remain. In 1886, a cast-iron front was installed for the first floor.
The lot for the building was owned by the University of Georgia and was acquired at auction by William L. Mitchell; he also operated a hotel called the Mitchell House and was one of the best-known hotel owners of the period. The building originally held the mercantile operations on the ground floor; the Franklin Hotel was later added on the upper levels. A silversmith, Asaph K. Childs, occupied a shop on the ground floor. Other early tenants of Franklin House advertising their services included R.L. Wood & Co. offering daguerreotype services and O. Munsen, M.D., "surgeon dentist". The building was sold to John W. Nicholson for $17,000. On July 15, 1871, while under Nicholson's ownership, a fire occurred in the second and third stories of the building, doing over a thousand dollars worth of damage, "But the almost superhuman energy of the Firemen was so promptly and effectively applied us [sic] to very soon get the fire under control, and in half an hour, all danger was over".
The hotel closed in 1865, and the building was subsequently occupied by the Childs-Nickerson Company (incorporated in 1889 as the Athens Hardware Company) until 1972. The building had become unstable and was to be demolished, but in 1973 the Athens-Clarke Heritage Foundation began raising funds to acquire it. They collected $75,000, including a grant from governor Jimmy Carter, to buy the property. To stabilize the building, the organization asked for a grant from the National Park Service and received $30,000. Hugh Fowler, a local businessman, bought the building in 1977 and began restoring it. He later sold it to Broad Street Associates of Tucker, Georgia, who completed the renovation which turned the building into office space, some of which is now leased by the University of Georgia. The Georgia Trust for Historic Preservation gave them an award in 1983 "for outstanding restoration and adaptive use". Surber Barber Choate & Hertlein Architects, Inc. did the architecture for the restoration, which was implemented by Driver Construction Company.
The Historic American Buildings Survey documented the building, listed as GA-1122. On December 11, 1974, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places; on March 6, 1990, it was designated as a local Historic Landmark.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Franklin House". Carl Vinson Institute of Government. Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Linley, John (1982). The Georgia catalog, Historic American Buildings Survey: a guide to the architecture of the state. U of Georgia P. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-8203-0614-8.
- Hynds, Ernest C. (2009). Antebellum Athens and Clarke County, Georgia. U of Georgia P. p. 141. ISBN 978-0-8203-3446-2.
- Marsh, Kenneth Frederick; Marsh, Blanche (1979). "Franklin Hotel". Athens: Georgia's Columned City. Atlanta: Cherokee Publishing Company. p. 19. ISBN 0-87797-048-3.
- Thomas, Frances Taliaferro; Koch, Mary Levin (2009). A Portrait of Historic Athens and Clarke County. U of Georgia P. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-8203-3044-0.
- "Advertisements". Southern Banner. Feb 22, 1849. p. 3.
- Coleman, Kenneth L. (2009). Confederate Athens. U of Georgia P. pp. 153–54. ISBN 978-0-8203-3438-7.
- "Fire at the Franklin House". Southern Banner. Jul 21, 1871. p. 3.
- "The Athens Hardware Company: Giant Leader in Business World". Athens Banner. Dec 20, 1902. p. 22.
- Thomas, Frances Taliaferro; Koch, Mary Levin (2009). A Portrait of Historic Athens and Clarke County. U of Georgia P. p. 214. ISBN 978-0-8203-3044-0.
- Thomas, Frances Taliaferro; Koch, Mary Levin (2009). A Portrait of Historic Athens and Clarke County. U of Georgia P. p. 275. ISBN 978-0-8203-3044-0.
- "Driver Construction Co. - Franklin House". Retrieved 16 May 2011.
- Thomas, Frances Taliaferro; Koch, Mary Levin (2009). A Portrait of Historic Athens and Clarke County. U of Georgia P. p. 290. ISBN 978-0-8203-3044-0.
- Georgia Department of Archives and History. "Photograph of wagons on Thomas Street behind the Franklin House, Athens, Clarke County, Georgia between 1912 and 1918". Vanishing Georgia.
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. GA-1122, "Hotel, 480 Broad Street, Athens, Clarke County, GA", 1 photo, 2 data pages, supplemental material