Franklin North

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Franklin North was a parliamentary electorate in the southern part of the Auckland Region of New Zealand from 1881 to 1890.

Population centres[edit]

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–76 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Franklin North, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.[1]

Franklin North included the towns of Papatoetoe, and Papakura from 1881 to 1887. In 1887 with the growth of Auckland Franklin North contracted in area, and Papakura was transferred to Franklin South.

History[edit]

The electorates of Franklin North and Franklin South were created from the former Franklin electorate in 1881, and were absorbed back into the reconstituted Franklin electorate in 1890.[2]

The first representative was Benjamin Harris, who had since the 1879 election represented the Franklin electorate.

Four candidates contested the Franklin North electorate in the 1881 election.[3] Captain Harris beat Frank Buckland by just two votes.[4][5] Early in 1882, Buckland petitioned to the courts against the election on various grounds.[6] The case was heard by the Chief Justice, James Prendergast, and Justice Gillies, who declared the election void.[7][8] Harris won the subsequent 1882 by-election.[4]

In the 1884 election, Harris was defeated by Buckland.[9] Buckland in turn was defeated in the 1887 election by Frank Lawry. At the end of the term, the electorate was abolished and Lawry successfully contested the Parnell electorate in the 1890 election.[10]

Members of Parliament[edit]

The electorate was represented by three Members of Parliament:[2]

Key

 Independent  

Election Winner
1881 election Benjamin Harris
1882 by-election
1884 election Frank Buckland
1887 election Frank Lawry

Election results[edit]

1882 by-election[edit]

Franklin North by-election, 1882[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Benjamin Harris 529 51.46
Independent Frank Buckland 499 48.54
Majority 30 2.92
Turnout 1,028 71.69
Registered electors 1,434

1881 election[edit]

General election, 1881: Franklin North [5][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Benjamin Harris 323 40.07
Independent Frank Buckland 321 39.83
Independent Samuel Luke 154 19.11
Independent John Gordon[13] 8 0.99
Majority 2 0.25
Informal votes 7[14] 0.86
Turnout 813 56.69
Registered electors 1,434

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 43–48.
  2. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 263.
  3. ^ "Franklin North Nominations". Auckland Star. XII (3532). 1 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 203.
  5. ^ a b Cooper, G. S. (1882). Votes Recorded for Each Candidate. Government Printer. p. 1. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Untitled". The New Zealand Herald. XIX (6290). 14 January 1882. p. 4. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Franklin North Election". The New Zealand Herald. XIX (6342). 16 March 1882. p. 6. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Franklin North Election". The New Zealand Herald. XVI (6343). 17 March 1882. p. 6. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  9. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 186.
  10. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 212.
  11. ^ "Franklin Election". Auckland Star. XIII (3702). 22 June 1882. p. 2. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Franklin North Nominations". Auckland Star. XII (3532). 1 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Captain Porter at Frasertown". Daily Telegraph (3250). 1 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Declarations of the Poll". Auckland Star. XII (3544). 15 December 1881. p. 3. Retrieved 18 June 2015. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.