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Franklin James Schaffner (May 30, 1920 – July 2, 1989) was an American film director best known for such films as (1968), Planet of the Apes (1970), Patton (1971), Nicholas and Alexandra (1973), and Papillon (1978). The Boys from Brazil
Early life [ edit ]
Schaffner was born in
Tokyo, Japan, the son of American missionaries Sarah Horting (née Swords) and Paul Franklin Schaffner, [1 ] and was raised in Japan. He returned to the [2 ] United States and graduated from Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where he was active in drama. He studied law at Columbia University in New York City but his education was interrupted by service with the United States Navy in World War II during which he served with American amphibious forces in Europe and North Africa. In the latter stages of the war he was sent to the Pacific Far East to serve with the United States Office for Strategic Services.
Returning home after the war, he found work in the television industry with
March of Time and then joined the CBS network. He won directing Emmys for his work on the original 1954 CBS teleplay, . Schaffner earned two more Emmy awards for his work on the 1955 TV adaptation of the Twelve Angry Men Broadway play, , shown on the anthology series The Caine Mutiny Court Martial . He won his fourth Emmy Award for his work on the series, Ford Star Jubilee . The Defenders
In 1960, he directed
Allen Drury's stage play . His first motion picture Advise and Consent was praised, and he later made The Stripper , The Best Man , and The War Lord . They were followed by the critical and commercial hit The Double Man . His next film, Planet of the Apes was a major success for which he won the Patton Academy Award for Best Director and the Directors Guild of America Award for Best Director. Later works included , Nicholas and Alexandra , Papillon and Islands in the Stream . The Boys from Brazil
Schaffner was President of the
Directors Guild of America from 1987 until his death in 1989.
Frequent collaborators [ edit ]
Jerry Goldsmith composed the music for seven of his films, including The Stripper, Planet of the Apes, Patton, Papillon, Islands in the Stream, The Boys from Brazil and Lionheart. Four of them were nominated for Academy Awards for Best Original Score. [3 ]
Schaffner has twice worked with actors
Charlton Heston and Maurice Evans ( ; The War Lord ), Planet of the Apes George C. Scott ( ; Patton ) and Islands in the Stream Laurence Olivier ( ; Nicholas and Alexandra ) respectively. The Boys from Brazil [4 ] [5 ] [6 ]
Personal life [ edit ]
Schaffner married Helen Jane Gilchrist in 1948. The couple had two children, Jennie and Kate.
Schaffner died on July 2, 1989, at the age of 69. He was released 10 days before his death from a hospital where he was being treated for
He is also survived by his only nephew Ian C Armstrong (photographer, actor, producer) - Ian is the son of the late Martha Louise Schaffner Armstrong, Franklin's sister. Ian is Franklin's only blood relative/survivor. Ian was the keynote speaker at Jean Gilchrist Schaffner's memorial. He is also survived by his niece-in-law Adrienne Nelson (wife of Ian Armstrong) actor, dialect coach, educator.
Critical perception [ edit ]
William Goldman identified Schaffner in 1981 as being one of the three best directors (then living) at handling 'scope' (a gift for screen epics) in films. The other two were David Lean and Richard Attenborough. [7 ]
Filmography [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]